Special Issue "Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Childhood and Adolescence"

A special issue of Journal of Clinical Medicine (ISSN 2077-0383). This special issue belongs to the section "Cardiovascular Medicine".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Renate Oberhoffer-Fritz
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Institute of Preventive Pediatrics, Department of Sports and Health Sciences, Technical University Munich, Georg Brauchle Ring, 80992 Munich, Germany
2. Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, German Heart Center, Munich, Germany
Interests: fetal cardiology; physical activity and child health; vascular phenotyping; cardiovascular prevention in childhood and adolescence
Dr. Annette Wacker-Gussmann
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
1. Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, German Heart Center, Munich, Germany
2. Institute of Preventive Pediatrics, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany
Interests: fetal arrhythmia; fetal magnetocardiography; fetal cardiology; fetal programming of cardiovascular disease in childhood

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Cardiovascular risk factors in childhood and adolescence are dramatically increasing due to sociodemographic changes, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic. These will create major health issues in the next generation. High- risk pregnancies, fetal programming, obesity, arterial hypertension, lifestyle factors such as physical activity, sedentary behavior, nutrition, and even social problems influence health and healthcare of children and have to be considered in effective prevention strategies.

This issue will focus on studies of cardiovascular risk factors of in childhood and adolescence, and on the impact of corresponding prevention programs over the life span.

Prof. Dr. Renate Oberhoffer-Fritz
Dr. Annette Wacker-Gussmann
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Clinical Medicine is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cardiovascular risk factors in young
  • fetal programming of cardiovascular health
  • prevention of acquired cardiovascular disease in childhood

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Association between Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Arterial Stiffness in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(15), 3266; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10153266 - 24 Jul 2021
Viewed by 453
Abstract
Background: The association between physical activity (PA) and arterial stiffness is particularly important in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who are at risk for arterial stiffening. The aim of this study was to examine the association between objectively measured PA and arterial [...] Read more.
Background: The association between physical activity (PA) and arterial stiffness is particularly important in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who are at risk for arterial stiffening. The aim of this study was to examine the association between objectively measured PA and arterial stiffness in children and adolescents with CHD. Methods: In 387 children and adolescents with various CHD (12.2 ± 3.3 years; 162 girls) moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was assessed with the “Garmin vivofit jr.” for 7 consecutive days. Arterial stiffness parameters including pulse wave velocity (PWV) and central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) were non-invasively assessed by oscillometric measurement via Mobil-O-Graph®. Results: MVPA was not associated with PWV (ß = −0.025, p = 0.446) and cSBP (ß = −0.020, p = 0.552) in children with CHD after adjusting for age, sex, BMI z-score, peripheral systolic blood pressure, heart rate and hypertensive agents. Children with CHD were remarkably active with 80% of the study population reaching the WHO recommendation of average 60 min of MVPA per day. Arterial stiffness did not differ between low-active and high-active CHD group after adjusting for age, sex, BMI z-score, peripheral systolic blood pressure, heart rate and hypertensive agents (PWV: F = 0.530, p = 0.467; cSBP: F = 0.843, p = 0.359). Conclusion: In this active cohort, no association between PA and arterial stiffness was found. Longer exposure to the respective risk factors of physical inactivity might be necessary to determine an impact of PA on the vascular system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Childhood and Adolescence)
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