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Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Molecular Plant Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 14707

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor

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Guest Editor
Institute of Biological Chemistry, Plant Sciences Building, Room 281, Washington State University, Washington, WA, USA
Interests: drought; heat; organelles; peroxisomes; signaling; cytoskeleton; cytokinesis
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue aims to collect high-quality review papers in all fields of molecular plant sciences. In particular, the aim is to illustrate frontier research in molecular plant sciences, through selected works. We encourage researchers from related fields, including potential topics related to molecular studies in plants, to contribute review papers that highlight the latest developments in molecular plant sciences, or to invite relevant experts and colleagues to do so. Full-length comprehensive reviews or new research advancements in molecular plant science areas will be preferred.

Prof. Dr. Setsuko Komatsu
Dr. Andrei Smertenko
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • molecular biology
  • cell biology
  • physiology
  • genomics/epigenomics
  • omics
  • bioactive phytochemicals
  • abiotic stress
  • hormonal signalling
  • plant–microbe interactions
  • developmental biology
  • pests and diseases
  • synthetic biology
  • computational biology
  • new technologies in plant sciences

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Editorial

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5 pages, 196 KiB  
Editorial
Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023
by Setsuko Komatsu and Andrei Smertenko
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25(10), 5407; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25105407 - 15 May 2024
Viewed by 327
Abstract
Success in sustaining food security in the face of global climate change depends on the multi-disciplinary efforts of plant science, physics, mathematics, and computer sciences, whereby each discipline contributes specific concepts, information, and tools [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)

Review

Jump to: Editorial

17 pages, 1611 KiB  
Review
Involvement of CONSTANS-like Proteins in Plant Flowering and Abiotic Stress Response
by Bingqian Zhang, Minghui Feng, Jun Zhang and Zhangqiang Song
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(23), 16585; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms242316585 - 22 Nov 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1336
Abstract
The process of flowering in plants is a pivotal stage in their life cycle, and the CONSTANS-like (COL) protein family, known for its photoperiod sensing ability, plays a crucial role in regulating plant flowering. Over the past two decades, homologous genes of COL [...] Read more.
The process of flowering in plants is a pivotal stage in their life cycle, and the CONSTANS-like (COL) protein family, known for its photoperiod sensing ability, plays a crucial role in regulating plant flowering. Over the past two decades, homologous genes of COL have been identified in various plant species, leading to significant advancements in comprehending their involvement in the flowering pathway and response to abiotic stress. This article presents novel research progress on the structural aspects of COL proteins and their regulatory patterns within transcription complexes. Additionally, we reviewed recent information about their participation in flowering and abiotic stress response, aiming to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the functions of COL proteins. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)
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21 pages, 1708 KiB  
Review
Recent Advances in Molecular Mechanism and Breeding Utilization of Brown Planthopper Resistance Genes in Rice: An Integrated Review
by Liuhui Yan, Tongping Luo, Dahui Huang, Minyi Wei, Zengfeng Ma, Chi Liu, Yuanyuan Qin, Xiaolong Zhou, Yingping Lu, Rongbai Li, Gang Qin and Yuexiong Zhang
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(15), 12061; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241512061 - 27 Jul 2023
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2280
Abstract
Over half of the world’s population relies on rice as their staple food. The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål, BPH) is a significant insect pest that leads to global reductions in rice yields. Breeding rice varieties that are resistant to BPH has [...] Read more.
Over half of the world’s population relies on rice as their staple food. The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål, BPH) is a significant insect pest that leads to global reductions in rice yields. Breeding rice varieties that are resistant to BPH has been acknowledged as the most cost-effective and efficient strategy to mitigate BPH infestation. Consequently, the exploration of BPH-resistant genes in rice and the development of resistant rice varieties have become focal points of interest and research for breeders. In this review, we summarized the latest advancements in the localization, cloning, molecular mechanisms, and breeding of BPH-resistant rice. Currently, a total of 70 BPH-resistant gene loci have been identified in rice, 64 out of 70 genes/QTLs were mapped on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, and 12, respectively, with 17 of them successfully cloned. These genes primarily encode five types of proteins: lectin receptor kinase (LecRK), coiled-coil-nucleotide-binding-leucine-rich repeat (CC-NB-LRR), B3-DNA binding domain, leucine-rich repeat domain (LRD), and short consensus repeat (SCR). Through mediating plant hormone signaling, calcium ion signaling, protein kinase cascade activation of cell proliferation, transcription factors, and miRNA signaling pathways, these genes induce the deposition of callose and cell wall thickening in rice tissues, ultimately leading to the inhibition of BPH feeding and the formation of resistance mechanisms against BPH damage. Furthermore, we discussed the applications of these resistance genes in the genetic improvement and breeding of rice. Functional studies of these insect-resistant genes and the elucidation of their network mechanisms establish a strong theoretical foundation for investigating the interaction between rice and BPH. Furthermore, they provide ample genetic resources and technical support for achieving sustainable BPH control and developing innovative insect resistance strategies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)
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16 pages, 1461 KiB  
Review
Endoreplication—Why Are We Not Using Its Full Application Potential?
by Izabela Kołodziejczyk, Przemysław Tomczyk and Andrzej Kaźmierczak
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(14), 11859; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms241411859 - 24 Jul 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1572
Abstract
Endoreplication—a process that is common in plants and also accompanies changes in the development of animal organisms—has been seen from a new perspective in recent years. In the paper, we not only shed light on this view, but we would also like to [...] Read more.
Endoreplication—a process that is common in plants and also accompanies changes in the development of animal organisms—has been seen from a new perspective in recent years. In the paper, we not only shed light on this view, but we would also like to promote an understanding of the application potential of this phenomenon in plant cultivation. Endoreplication is a pathway for cell development, slightly different from the classical somatic cell cycle, which ends with mitosis. Since many rounds of DNA synthesis take place within its course, endoreplication is a kind of evolutionary compensation for the relatively small amount of genetic material that plants possess. It allows for its multiplication and active use through transcription and translation. The presence of endoreplication in plants has many positive consequences. In this case, repeatedly produced copies of genes, through the corresponding transcripts, help the plant acquire the favorable properties for which proteins are responsible directly or indirectly. These include features that are desirable in terms of cultivation and marketing: a greater saturation of fruit and flower colors, a stronger aroma, a sweeter fruit taste, an accumulation of nutrients, an increased resistance to biotic and abiotic stress, superior tolerance to adverse environmental conditions, and faster organ growth (and consequently the faster growth of the whole plant and its biomass). The two last features are related to the nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio—the greater the content of DNA in the nucleus, the higher the volume of cytoplasm, and thus the larger the cell size. Endoreplication not only allows cells to reach larger sizes but also to save the materials used to build organelles, which are then passed on to daughter cells after division, thus ending the classic cell cycle. However, the content of genetic material in the cell nucleus determines the number of corresponding organelles. The article also draws attention to the potential practical applications of the phenomenon and the factors currently limiting its use. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)
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14 pages, 342 KiB  
Review
Molecular Detection and Identification of Plant-Associated Lactiplantibacillus plantarum
by Magdalena Skotniczny and Paweł Satora
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(5), 4853; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms24054853 - 2 Mar 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2663
Abstract
Lactiplantibacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacterium often isolated from a wide variety of niches. Its ubiquity can be explained by a large, flexible genome that helps it adapt to different habitats. The consequence of this is great strain diversity, which may make [...] Read more.
Lactiplantibacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacterium often isolated from a wide variety of niches. Its ubiquity can be explained by a large, flexible genome that helps it adapt to different habitats. The consequence of this is great strain diversity, which may make their identification difficult. Accordingly, this review provides an overview of molecular techniques, both culture-dependent, and culture-independent, currently used to detect and identify L. plantarum. Some of the techniques described can also be applied to the analysis of other lactic acid bacteria. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)
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12 pages, 733 KiB  
Review
Advances in Plant Epigenome Editing Research and Its Application in Plants
by Qiaoyun Qi, Bichun Hu, Weiyu Jiang, Yixiong Wang, Jinjiao Yan, Fengwang Ma, Qingmei Guan and Jidi Xu
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(4), 3442; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms24043442 - 8 Feb 2023
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3056
Abstract
Plant epistatic regulation is the DNA methylation, non-coding RNA regulation, and histone modification of gene sequences without altering the genome sequence, thus regulating gene expression patterns and the growth process of plants to produce heritable changes. Epistatic regulation in plants can regulate plant [...] Read more.
Plant epistatic regulation is the DNA methylation, non-coding RNA regulation, and histone modification of gene sequences without altering the genome sequence, thus regulating gene expression patterns and the growth process of plants to produce heritable changes. Epistatic regulation in plants can regulate plant responses to different environmental stresses, regulate fruit growth and development, etc. Genome editing can effectively improve plant genetic efficiency by targeting the design and efficient editing of genome-specific loci with specific nucleases, such as zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated 9 (CRISPR/Cas9). As research progresses, the CRISPR/Cas9 system has been widely used in crop breeding, gene expression, and epistatic modification due to its high editing efficiency and rapid translation of results. In this review, we summarize the recent progress of CRISPR/Cas9 in epigenome editing and look forward to the future development direction of this system in plant epigenetic modification to provide a reference for the application of CRISPR/Cas9 in genome editing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)
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21 pages, 1091 KiB  
Review
Proteomic Approaches to Uncover Salt Stress Response Mechanisms in Crops
by Rehana Kausar and Setsuko Komatsu
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24(1), 518; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms24010518 - 28 Dec 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2415
Abstract
Salt stress is an unfavorable outcome of global climate change, adversely affecting crop growth and yield. It is the second-biggest abiotic factor damaging the morphological, physio-biochemical, and molecular processes during seed germination and plant development. Salt responses include modulation of hormonal biosynthesis, ionic [...] Read more.
Salt stress is an unfavorable outcome of global climate change, adversely affecting crop growth and yield. It is the second-biggest abiotic factor damaging the morphological, physio-biochemical, and molecular processes during seed germination and plant development. Salt responses include modulation of hormonal biosynthesis, ionic homeostasis, the antioxidant defense system, and osmoprotectants to mitigate salt stress. Plants trigger salt-responsive genes, proteins, and metabolites to cope with the damaging effects of a high salt concentration. Enhancing salt tolerance among crop plants is direly needed for sustainable global agriculture. Novel protein markers, which are used for crop improvement against salt stress, are identified using proteomic techniques. As compared to single-technique approaches, the integration of genomic tools and exogenously applied chemicals offers great potential in addressing salt-stress-induced challenges. The interplay of salt-responsive proteins and genes is the missing key of salt tolerance. The development of salt-tolerant crop varieties can be achieved by integrated approaches encompassing proteomics, metabolomics, genomics, and genome-editing tools. In this review, the current information about the morphological, physiological, and molecular mechanisms of salt response/tolerance in crops is summarized. The significance of proteomic approaches to improve salt tolerance in various crops is highlighted, and an integrated omics approach to achieve global food security is discussed. Novel proteins that respond to salt stress are potential candidates for future breeding of salt tolerance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Review Papers in Molecular Plant Sciences 2023)
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