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4052 Basel, Switzerland
Support contact
Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
Fax: +41 61 302 89 18

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Article Processing Charges (APC) Information

For further information, please see our FAQ.

General Information on MDPI’s Article Processing Charges (APC)

MDPI publishes all its journals in full open access under a Creative Commons (CC BY) license. This allows the scientific community and the general public to gain unlimited, free and immediate access to scholarly articles, and to reuse the content freely provided that proper attribution is given to the original authors.

To cover the cost for providing our high-quality publishing service and free access to readers, authors pay a one-time article processing charge (APC) for manuscripts accepted after peer-review. There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no surcharges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data. Editorial items (Editorials, Corrections, Additions, Retractions, Letters, Comments, etc.) are published free of charge.

APCs cover the following:

  • The editorial procedure, including administration related to peer review, author revisions, and final decision-making. MDPI employs in-house staff to manage the majority of this process, leaving editorial board members to make key scientific decisions and allowing them to concentrate on their research. To demonstrate its appreciation of the important work done by reviewers and editorial board members, MDPI provides them with APC discounts and waivers. APCs also cover for the administrative work done for rejected articles. In 2017, MDPI’s rejection rate across all its journals was 59%.
  • Article production: professional language editing, type-setting, formatting, and production in PDF, XML, HTML, and Epub formats.
  • Article hosting and dissemination: website maintenance, contact with indexing databases.
  • Journal administration: including managing the journal website and editorial board, and promotion of the journal among the research community.
  • Philanthropy: MDPI invests in projects that benefit the research community, including prizes, awards, and conference sponsorship. We run not-for-profit platforms such as Scilit (, Sciforum ( and Preprints ( free of charge to users.

At MDPI, overheads and management costs are kept to a minimum and none of the journal management, production, or IT tasks are outsourced to third parties.

Discounts and Waivers

Members of societies affiliated to an MDPI journal, and researchers at institutions that are members of the Institutional Open Access Program benefit from a discount.

For journals in fields with low levels of funding, where authors typically do not have funds available, APCs are typically waived and cross-subsidized from fields for which more APC funding is available. For authors from Low and Middle income countries, waivers or discounts may be granted on a case-by-case basis. Applications submitted before article submission are assessed by the Managing Editor based on the quality of the research article and the authors’ ability to pay.

The APC by journal is given in the table below. Publication in the first few issues of a new journal is usually free of charge.

Please note that the APCs for articles submitted after 31 December 2018 will change for several journals, see the following page for details.

Journal Name Basic APC (CHF) *
Acoustics free
Actuators 350 CHF
Administrative Sciences 350 CHF
Aerospace 550 CHF
Agriculture 550 CHF
AgriEngineering free
Agronomy 1000 CHF
Algorithms 850 CHF
Animals 1000 CHF
Antibiotics 550 CHF
Antibodies 350 CHF
Antioxidants 550 CHF
Applied Sciences 1400 CHF
Applied System Innovation free
Arts free
Atmosphere 1400 CHF
Atoms 350 CHF
Axioms 350 CHF
Batteries free
Behavioral Sciences 550 CHF
Beverages free
Big Data and Cognitive Computing free
Bioengineering 300 CHF
Biology 650 CHF
Biomedicines 550 CHF
Biomimetics free
Biomolecules 650 CHF
Biosensors 350 CHF
Brain Sciences 650 CHF
Buildings 550 CHF
C free
Cancers 1000 CHF
Catalysts 1300 CHF
Cells 1000 CHF
Ceramics free
Challenges free
ChemEngineering free
Chemosensors 350 CHF
Children 550 CHF
Climate 550 CHF
Clocks & Sleep free
Coatings 1200 CHF
Colloids and Interfaces free
Computation 350 CHF
Computers 350 CHF
Condensed Matter free
Cosmetics 350 CHF
Cryptography free
Crystals 1200 CHF
Data free
Dentistry Journal 350 CHF
Designs free
Diagnostics 550 CHF
Diseases 350 CHF
Diversity 850 CHF
Drones free
Econometrics 350 CHF *
Economies free
Education Sciences 350 CHF
Electronics 850 CHF
Energies 1600 CHF
Entropy 1500 CHF
Environments 300 CHF
Epigenomes free
Fermentation free
Fibers 350 CHF
Fire free
Fishes free
Fluids free
Foods 550 CHF
Forecasting free
Forests 1400 CHF
Fractal and Fractional free
Future Internet 850 CHF
Galaxies 350 CHF
Games 550 CHF *
Gastrointestinal Disorders free
Gels free
Genealogy free
Genes 1600 CHF
Geosciences 550 CHF
Geriatrics free
Healthcare 550 CHF
Heritage free
High-Throughput 350 CHF
Horticulturae free
Humanities 350 CHF *
Hydrology 350 CHF
Informatics 350 CHF
Information 850 CHF
Infrastructures free
Inorganics 550 CHF
Insects 1000 CHF
Instruments free
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 1600 CHF
International Journal of Financial Studies 350 CHF *
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 1800 CHF
International Journal of Neonatal Screening free
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power 300 CHF
Inventions free
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 1000 CHF
J free
Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease free
Journal of Clinical Medicine 1000 CHF
Journal of Composites Science free
Journal of Developmental Biology 350 CHF
Journal of Functional Biomaterials 550 CHF
Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology free
Journal of Fungi free
Journal of Imaging free
Journal of Intelligence free
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications 350 CHF
Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing free
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 350 CHF
Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity 650 CHF
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine free
Journal of Personalized Medicine 550 CHF
Journal of Risk and Financial Management 350 CHF
Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks 350 CHF
Land 550 CHF
Languages free
Laws 350 CHF *
Life 650 CHF
Logistics free
Lubricants 350 CHF
Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction free
Machines 350 CHF
Magnetochemistry free
Marine Drugs 1800 CHF
Materials 1600 CHF
Mathematical and Computational Applications 300 CHF
Mathematics 350 CHF
Medical Sciences free
Medicina free
Medicines 350 CHF
Membranes 850 CHF
Metabolites 850 CHF
Metals 1200 CHF
Methods and Protocols free
Micromachines 1200 CHF
Microorganisms 550 CHF
Minerals 1200 CHF
Molbank 350 CHF
Molecules 1800 CHF
Multimodal Technologies and Interaction free
Nanomaterials 1500 CHF
Neuroglia free
Non-Coding RNA free
Nutrients 1800 CHF
Particles free
Pathogens 650 CHF
Pharmaceuticals 850 CHF
Pharmaceutics 1000 CHF
Pharmacy 550 CHF
Philosophies free
Photonics 350 CHF
Physics free
Plants 550 CHF
Plasma free
Polymers 1500 CHF
Proceedings see here
Processes 850 CHF
Proteomes 550 CHF
Publications free
Quantum Beam Science free
Quantum Reports free
Quaternary free
Recycling free
Religions 550 CHF *
Remote Sensing 1800 CHF
Reports free
Resources 350 CHF
Risks 350 CHF *
Robotics 350 CHF
Safety free
Sci free
Scientia Pharmaceutica 600 CHF
Sensors 1800 CHF
Separations 350 CHF
Smart Cities free
Social Sciences 350 CHF *
Societies 350 CHF *
Soil Systems free
Sports 350 CHF
Stats free
Surfaces free
Sustainability 1400 CHF
Symmetry 1200 CHF
Systems 350 CHF
Technologies 350 CHF
Toxics 350 CHF
Toxins 1500 CHF
Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease free
Universe 350 CHF
Urban Science free
Vaccines 550 CHF
Veterinary Sciences 350 CHF
Vibration free
Viruses 1600 CHF
Vision free
Water 1500 CHF
World Electric Vehicle Journal 300 CHF
* free for authors; APC funded by Knowledge Unlatched.

Avoiding Surcharges from Extensive English Editing or Extensive Reformatting on Submitted Articles

Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions. If you use an alternative service that provides a confirmation certificate, please send a copy to the Editorial Office. Authors from developing countries should consider registration with AuthorAid, a global research community that provides networking, mentoring, resources and training for researchers in developing countries.

Funding of APCs

Many funding agencies and institutions explicitly allow the use of research grants for the payment of APCs for publishing in open access journals. For more information on APC funding see the following page.

Discounts on APCs

MDPI provides discounts for authors under an Institutional Open Access Program (IOAP) and has established agreements with over 300 institutions. If your institution does not yet participate, you may recommend the program to your librarian using the following page.

Waivers may be granted at the Publisher's discretion and should be discussed with the editorial office when submitting the article. The editorial decision making is decoupled from the authors' ability to pay the Article Processing Charges, however authors should consider in advance whether they have sufficient funds to cover the full APC.

MDPI also offers discount vouchers to selected reviewers.

Accepted Currencies

We accept payments in Swiss francs (CHF), Euro (EUR), US Dollars (USD) or Pound Sterling (GBP). Upon acceptance, the corresponding/submitting author will receive an e-mail with a link where the currency of the invoice can be changed.

Accepted Methods of Payment

MDPI currently supports the following payment methods:

For more detailed information on how to pay an invoice, please see our Payment Instructions.

APCs are payable within 5 to 10 business days.

Invoices are emailed shortly after acceptance to the payment contact provided by the authors. Only official invoices issued by MDPI ( are valid. We do not authorize any third party to collect the APCs. MDPI is the sole service provider and cannot be held liable for actions by third parties.

For wire transfers, we ask the customer to pay the fees for both the sender and the recipient bank, so that MDPI receives the full invoiced amount. If you wish to pay by cheque, please add 12 CHF for processing fees.

Authors from Switzerland will have the local Value Added Tax (VAT) added to their invoices.

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