Article Processing Charges (APC) Information

Why Does MDPI Impose Article Processing Charges (APCs) for Publishing in its Journals?

MDPI publishes all its journals in full open access format. The scientific community and the general public have, for free, unlimited and immediate access to all content published in our journals as soon as it is published on the Internet. This means that MDPI does not receive any income from selling subscriptions to print or view online versions of its journals or from charging "pay-per-view" fees. Therefore, MDPI needs to defray its editorial and production costs by collecting article processing charges (APCs) from authors' institutes or research funding bodies. MDPI is committed to keeping its open access publication charges at a minimum level. MDPI's current charges—if calculated per page—are much lower than the revenues per published page generated by traditional, subscription-based academic publishers.

How Much Does MDPI Charge for its Various Journals?

The exact value of article processing charges (APCs) for each journal is given in the table below. The basic article processing charges (APCs) cover editorial service and production of an article. A separate English editing charge will be applied to articles that require extensive English language editing or formatting. Non-native English speaking colleagues are encouraged to use a professional English editing service before submitting a manuscript. Publication in the first volume of a newly launched journal is usually free of charge.

Please note: MDPI will introduce further changes to the Article Processing Charges (APCs) on 1 January 2014

Journal Name Basic APC English Editing
Actuators free 250 CHF
Administrative Sciences free 250 CHF
Aerospace free 250 CHF
Agriculture 300 CHF 250 CHF
Agronomy 300 CHF 250 CHF
Algorithms 300 CHF 250 CHF
Animals 500 CHF 250 CHF
Antibiotics 300 CHF 250 CHF
Antibodies 300 CHF 250 CHF
Antioxidants free 250 CHF
Applied Sciences 500 CHF 250 CHF
Arts free 250 CHF
Atmosphere 500 CHF 250 CHF
Atoms free 250 CHF
Axioms free 250 CHF
Behavioral Sciences 300 CHF 250 CHF
Bioengineering free 250 CHF
Biology 300 CHF 250 CHF
Biomedicines free 250 CHF
Biomolecules 300 CHF 250 CHF
Biosensors 300 CHF 250 CHF
Brain Sciences 500 CHF 250 CHF
Buildings 300 CHF 250 CHF
Cancers 800 CHF no charge **
Catalysts 300 CHF 250 CHF
Cells 500 CHF 250 CHF
Challenges free 250 CHF
Chemosensors free 250 CHF
Children free 250 CHF
Chromatography free 250 CHF
Climate free 250 CHF
Coatings free 250 CHF
Computation free 250 CHF
Computers free 250 CHF
Cosmetics free 250 CHF
Crystals 500 CHF 250 CHF
Dentistry Journal free 250 CHF
Diagnostics free 250 CHF
Diseases free 250 CHF
Diversity 800 CHF no charge **
Econometrics free 250 CHF
Economies free 250 CHF
Education Sciences 300 CHF 250 CHF
Electronics free 250 CHF
Energies 1200 CHF no charge **
Entropy 1200 CHF no charge **
Environments free 250 CHF
Fibers free 250 CHF
Foods 300 CHF 250 CHF
Forests 800 CHF no charge **
Future Internet 500 CHF 250 CHF
Galaxies free 250 CHF
Games 500 CHF 250 CHF
Genes 500 CHF 250 CHF
Geosciences 300 CHF 250 CHF
Healthcare free 250 CHF
Humanities free 250 CHF
Informatics free 250 CHF
Information 300 CHF 250 CHF
Inorganics free 250 CHF
Insects 500 CHF 250 CHF
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 1600 CHF no charge **
International Journal of Financial Studies free 250 CHF
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 1600 CHF no charge **
ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information free 250 CHF
Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease free 250 CHF
Journal of Clinical Medicine free 250 CHF
Journal of Developmental Biology free 250 CHF
Journal of Functional Biomaterials 300 CHF 250 CHF
Journal of Intelligence free 250 CHF
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications 300 CHF 250 CHF
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering free 250 CHF
Journal of Personalized Medicine free 250 CHF
Journal of Risk and Financial Management free 250 CHF
Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks 300 CHF 250 CHF
Land free 250 CHF
Laws free 250 CHF
Life 300 CHF 250 CHF
Lubricants free 250 CHF
Machines free 250 CHF
Marine Drugs 1800 CHF no charge **
Materials 1400 CHF no charge **
Mathematics free 250 CHF
Medical Sciences free 250 CHF
Membranes 300 CHF 250 CHF
Metabolites 500 CHF 250 CHF
Metals 300 CHF 250 CHF
Microarrays free 250 CHF
Micromachines 500 CHF 250 CHF
Microorganisms free 250 CHF
Minerals 300 CHF 250 CHF
Molbank 300 CHF 50 CHF
Molecules 1800 CHF no charge **
Nanomaterials 300 CHF 250 CHF
Nutrients 1200 CHF no charge **
Pathogens free 250 CHF
Pharmaceuticals 800 CHF no charge **
Pharmaceutics 500 CHF 250 CHF
Pharmacy free 250 CHF
Photonics free 250 CHF
Plants 300 CHF 250 CHF
Polymers 1200 CHF no charge **
Processes free 250 CHF
Proteomes free 250 CHF
Publications free 250 CHF
Religions 300 CHF 250 CHF
Remote Sensing 1200 CHF no charge **
Resources free 250 CHF
Risks free 250 CHF
Robotics free 250 CHF
Sensors 1800 CHF no charge **
Social Sciences free 250 CHF
Societies 300 CHF 250 CHF
Sports free 250 CHF
Sustainability 1000 CHF no charge **
Symmetry 500 CHF 250 CHF
Systems free 250 CHF
Technologies free 250 CHF
Toxics free 250 CHF
Toxins 1000 CHF no charge **
Vaccines free 250 CHF
Veterinary Sciences free 250 CHF
Viruses 1400 CHF no charge **
Water 1000 CHF no charge **
** A page limit of 30 manuscript pages applies for the English editing service. Manuscripts with more than 30 pages will be charged 20 CHF per 1000 words starting at page 31 (the first 30 pages are free).

Funding of Article Processing Charges (APCs)

Many funding agencies explicitly allow the use of research grants for the payment of Article Processing Charges (APCs) for publishing in open access journals. In addition, numerous institutes have created central funds to cover APCs. Please see the following page for details on funding of APCs. Additionally, MDPI has established an institutional membership program. The institutional membership provides discounts on the APCs for articles published with MDPI by the corresponding or leading authors of the associated institute. The membership also allows institutes to choose payment of the APCs centrally, thereby removing part or all of the fees for individual authors. If your institute is not yet listed, you may recommend the membership scheme with MDPI to your library here. We will reach out to your library to discuss the possibility of a membership.

How Can I Avoid the English Editing Surcharge?

To avoid the English editing surcharge, we recommend that non-native English speaking authors send their manuscripts to a professional English editing service prior to submitting their manuscript to MDPI journals. If you use a service that provides a confirmation certificate, please supply this to the Editorial Office on submission. Authors from developing countries are additionally encouraged to register with AuthorAid, a global research community that provides networking, mentoring, resources and training for researchers in developing countries.

Which Article Types are Published Free of Charge?

Editorial items (Editorials, Corrections, Additions, Retractions, Letters, Comments, etc.) are published free of charge. Article processing charges (APCs) only apply to primary content: research articles, reviews and mini reviews, communications, short notes, etc.

How Can I Transfer Funds to MDPI?

MDPI currently supports the following payment methods:

Bank, Credit Card and other Fees

For wire transfers, we ask the customer to pay the fees for both the sender and the recipient bank, so that MDPI can receive the full invoiced amount. If you wish to pay by check, please add 12 CHF check fees.

Does MDPI Offer Any Discounts or Waivers of the Article Processing Charges (APCs)?

MDPI established an institutional membership scheme which grants authors of member institutes significant discounts on the regular Article Processing Charges (APC). In many cases, MDPI also offers discounts to previous reviewers of the journals.

Furthermore, MDPI publishes selected articles invited by the Editorial Office for free. Waivers may be granted at the Publisher's discretion and on the request of authors. The editorial decision making is decoupled from the authors' ability to pay the Article Processing Charges in case their paper is accepted for publication.

Do I Have to Pay if My Manuscript is Rejected?

No. MDPI only sends the invoice for article processing charges (APCs) if a manuscript has been accepted for publication. The acceptance of a manuscript is based on the outcome of the peer-review procedure. The final decision as to whether a manuscript will be accepted for publication or rejected is made by an external editor (usually the Editor-in-Chief of a journal or the Guest Editor of a special issue) based on scientific merit.

Are Reprints of My Article Included In the Article Processing Charges (APCs)?

No. Article processing charges (APCs) do not entitle the authors to receive reprints of their published article. Reprints can be ordered separately and optionally for any article that has been published in an MDPI journal. To request an offer for reprints of an article, please visit the website of the article you would like to reprint and follow the “Order Reprint” link, or send an e-mail to

Special Note Regarding Sales Tax and VAT for Authors from Switzerland

Value Added Tax (VAT, Switzerland) is not included in the article processing charges (APCs). Authors from Switzerland will have additional VAT charged in their bill. Authors from Switzerland are asked to pay directly to our main office in Basel, Switzerland and will be billed an additional 8% in VAT.

Last Change: 6 March 2013