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Special Issue "Innovative Approaches for Crop Improvement and Sustainable Management of Plant Disease in the Post-Genomic Era"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Molecular Plant Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Claudio Pugliesi

Guest Editor
Department of Agriculture, Food, and Environment Sciences, University of Pisa, Italy
Interests: carotenoid biosynthesis; cell totipotency; development of axillary meristem; disease resistance; flower symmetry; nanotechnology; plant hormones; RNA silencing
Dr. Marco Fambrini
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, University of Pisa, Italy
Interests: carotenoid biosynthesis; cell totipotency; plant architecture; disease resistance; flower development; nanotechnology; plant hormones; RNA silencing
Dr. Susanna Pecchia

Guest Editor
Department of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, University of Pisa, Italy
Interests: plant Pathology; biology and phylogeny of fungal plant pathogens; molecular diagnostics; sustainable crop protection; nanotechnology; RNA silencing

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As the increasing food demand and climate changes are the main challenges facing agriculture, there is an urgent need to find new solutions for a sustainable crops development. In this scenario, new molecular approaches and biotechnology tools for better production, improved nutrient content and disease resistance crops are needed. In this context, we wish to point out the importance of two aspects: (1) the key role of developmental biology into crop domestication and production efficiency improvement (2) the crop protection against pathogens with low-impact solutions. As regards the first aspect, genetic improvement will benefit from the isolation and characterization of the genes involved in traits such as the shape and size of the plant organs, the architecture of the plant, the duration of the crop cycle and the increased tolerance to abiotic stresses. For the second topic, it will be essential to identify and characterize target genes involved in the host/pathogen interactions. Furthermore, as demonstrated in various occasions, developmental genetics and the host's response to harmful organisms can be related phenomena.

This Special Issue calls for original research articles, short communications, and review articles in all areas of sustainable management and crop improvement by innovative biotechnological strategies.

Prof. Dr. Claudio Pugliesi
Dr. Marco Fambrini
Dr. Susanna Pecchia
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. There is an Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal. For details about the APC please see here. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Crop improvement
  • Plant architecture
  • RNA interference
  • Nanotechnology
  • Tolerance to abiotic stresses
  • Disease resistance
  • Host/pathogen interactions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

Open AccessReview
Transgenic Breeding Approaches for Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance: Recent Progress and Future Perspectives
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(8), 2695; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082695 - 13 Apr 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
The recent rapid climate changes and increasing global population have led to an increased incidence of abiotic stress and decreased crop productivity. Environmental stresses, such as temperature, drought, nutrient deficiency, salinity, and heavy metal stresses, are major challenges for agriculture, and they lead [...] Read more.
The recent rapid climate changes and increasing global population have led to an increased incidence of abiotic stress and decreased crop productivity. Environmental stresses, such as temperature, drought, nutrient deficiency, salinity, and heavy metal stresses, are major challenges for agriculture, and they lead to a significant reduction in crop growth and productivity. Abiotic stress is a very complex phenomenon, involving a variety of physiological and biochemical changes in plant cells. Plants exposed to abiotic stress exhibit enhanced levels of ROS (reactive oxygen species), which are highly reactive and toxic and affect the biosynthesis of chlorophyll, photosynthetic capacity, and carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and antioxidant enzyme activities. Transgenic breeding offers a suitable alternative to conventional breeding to achieve plant genetic improvements. Over the last two decades, genetic engineering/transgenic breeding techniques demonstrated remarkable developments in manipulations of the genes for the induction of desired characteristics into transgenic plants. Transgenic approaches provide us with access to identify the candidate genes, miRNAs, and transcription factors (TFs) that are involved in specific plant processes, thus enabling an integrated knowledge of the molecular and physiological mechanisms influencing the plant tolerance and productivity. The accuracy and precision of this phenomenon assures great success in the future of plant improvements. Hence, transgenic breeding has proven to be a promising tool for abiotic stress improvement in crops. This review focuses on the potential and successful applications, recent progress, and future perspectives of transgenic breeding for improving abiotic stress tolerance and productivity in plants. Full article
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