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New Advances in Nursing Care

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Care Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 103128

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Faculty of Health Sciences, International University of Valencia, 46002 Valencia, Spain
Interests: advanced practice nursing; epidemiology; nursing work environment
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The year 2020, the international year of Nurses and the Midwives, has been different from how we had thought, and how the Nursing Now International Campaign was designed.

In the framework of the SARS-COV-2 pandemic, nurses and their professional skills have been made visible in society and have shown that they are essential professionals to protect, promote and restore the health of the population, and a key figure for health services.

In this context, it is necessary to continue increasing and developing disciplinary knowledge with studies that show the latest advances in nursing, for both in-hospital care and primary care.

Topics such as self-care, health promotion, advanced nursing practice, development of advanced competencies, health service management, professional practice environments, and also innovation in the training of future professionals will be welcome.

We hope that this Special Issue is an opportunity to share and disseminate studies of high interest to improve professional nursing practice.

Dr. Raúl Juárez-Vela
Dr. Vicente Gea-Caballero
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • selfcare
  • health promotion
  • advanced practice nursing
  • nursing work environment
  • innovation
  • nursing students

Published Papers (32 papers)

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Editorial

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3 pages, 276 KiB  
Editorial
Nursing, Commitment, and Leadership: More Nurses for a Better Health Care Model—Be a Nurse to Be a Leader
by Vicente Gea-Caballero, Patricia Marín-Maicas, Teresa Sufrate-Sorzano, Marco Di Nitto, Anna Rozensztrauch and Raúl Juárez-Vela
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6223; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106223 - 20 May 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2873
Abstract
For the celebration of International Nurses Day in 2022, the International Council of Nurses (ICN) has proposed the slogan “Nursing, a voice to lead: Invest in nurses and respect rights for global health” [1]. [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)

Research

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12 pages, 372 KiB  
Article
Association between the Nursing Practice Environment and Safety Perception with Patient Safety Culture during COVID-19
by Nataly Julissa Membrillo-Pillpe, Jhon Alex Zeladita-Huaman, Kimberlym Jauregui-Soriano, Roberto Zegarra-Chapoñan, Eduardo Franco-Chalco and Gabriela Samillan-Yncio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(10), 5909; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20105909 - 22 May 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2081
Abstract
Aims: In this study, we aimed to identify the relationship between nursing practice environments (NPEs) and safety perceptions with patient safety culture (PSC) during COVID-19. Design: We conducted a quantitative, non-experimental, correlational, and cross-sectional study. We interviewed 211 nurses from Peru using two [...] Read more.
Aims: In this study, we aimed to identify the relationship between nursing practice environments (NPEs) and safety perceptions with patient safety culture (PSC) during COVID-19. Design: We conducted a quantitative, non-experimental, correlational, and cross-sectional study. We interviewed 211 nurses from Peru using two scales: PES–NWI and HSOPSC. We used the Shapiro–Wilk test and Spearman’s coefficient and estimated two regression models. Results: NPE was reported as favorable by 45.5% of the participants, and PSC was reported as neutral by 61.1%. Safety perception, the workplace, and NPE predict PSC. All NPE factors were correlated with PSC. However, safety perception, support of nurses subscale, the nurse manager’s ability, and leadership were predictors of PSC. Conclusion: To promote a safe work culture, health institutions should foster leadership that prioritizes safety, strengthens managers’ abilities, encourages interprofessional collaboration, and considers nurses’ feedback for constant improvement. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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12 pages, 368 KiB  
Article
Factors Affecting Delirium in ICU Patients
by I Seul Jeong and Mi-Kyoung Cho
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(10), 5889; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20105889 - 19 May 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1689
Abstract
This study examined delirium severity using a delirium screening tool and analyzed the predictors, including pain, acuity, level of consciousness, fall risk, and pain score, to increase understanding of delirium and present foundational data for developing nursing interventions for delirium prevention. This was [...] Read more.
This study examined delirium severity using a delirium screening tool and analyzed the predictors, including pain, acuity, level of consciousness, fall risk, and pain score, to increase understanding of delirium and present foundational data for developing nursing interventions for delirium prevention. This was a retrospective study of 165 patients admitted to three intensive care units (ICUs). the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC) was used as a research tool to screen for delirium and measure the degree of delirium. The incidence of delirium in patients was 53.3%, and the average delirium score in the delirium group was 2.40 ± 0.56. Nu-DESC scores were significantly correlated with ICU days, ventilator days, restraint applications, the number of catheters inserted, sedative medication use, the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS III), the Morse Fall Scale (MFS), the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, pain scores, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Stepwise multiple linear regression showed that the number of restraint applications, GCS score, ICU days, and BUN levels were factors influencing delirium. Based on the findings, ICU nurses should use delirium screening tools to ensure accurate delirium screening and work to reduce the incidence and degree of delirium by observing factors affecting delirium in patients. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
11 pages, 817 KiB  
Article
Translation, Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Nurses Self-Concept Instrument (NSCI) to Spanish
by Alba Laborería-Romances, Carlos Navas-Ferrer, Ana Anguas-Gracia, Marta Callén-Galindo, Isabel Antón-Solanas and Fernando Urcola-Pardo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(2), 1529; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021529 - 14 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1562
Abstract
Professional self-concept in nurses is understood as the way nurses think and feel about themselves in their nursing role and is both a predictor of quality of care and a protective factor against burnout. The aim of this study was to translate, culturally [...] Read more.
Professional self-concept in nurses is understood as the way nurses think and feel about themselves in their nursing role and is both a predictor of quality of care and a protective factor against burnout. The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and validate the Spanish version of the Nurses Self-Concept Instrument in a sample of 483 Spanish registered nurses. In addition, we analyzed gender differences in its dimensions in the same sample. Internal reliability was evaluated using Cronbach’s Alpha, while construct validity was assessed using both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The differences between groups were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Factor distribution was different from the original model. A gender gap was observed in the Nurse Thinking and Perception of Capabilities dimensions with higher values in the women group, while in the Leadership dimension, higher values were observed in the men group. While the Spanish version of the Nurses Self-Concept Instrument is a valid and reliable tool to measure this construct, the differences in its dimensions lead to a deeper understanding of the cultural differences in the construction of professional self-concept. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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9 pages, 779 KiB  
Article
The Impact of COVID-19 on Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
by Alla Navolokina, Jacek Smereka, Bernd W. Böttiger, Michal Pruc, Raúl Juárez-Vela, Mansur Rahnama-Hezavah, Zubaid Rafique, Frank W. Peacock, Kamil Safiejko and Lukasz Szarpak
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(2), 1104; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20021104 - 8 Jan 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2530
Abstract
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic, required the donning of personal protective equipment during clinical contact, and continues to be a significant worldwide public health concern. Pediatric cardiac arrest is a rare but critical condition with a high [...] Read more.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic, required the donning of personal protective equipment during clinical contact, and continues to be a significant worldwide public health concern. Pediatric cardiac arrest is a rare but critical condition with a high mortality rate, the outcomes of which may be negatively affected by donning personal protective equipment. The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric cardiac arrest outcomes. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis in the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from their inception to 1 October 2022. We included studies published in English on pediatric patients with cardiac arrest, dichotomized by the pre- and during-COVID-19 periods and then stratified by COVID-19 positive or negative status, to evaluate clinical outcomes associated with cardiac arrest. Six studies were included in the meta-analysis. In witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, there were no differences between the pandemic and pre-pandemic periods for witnessed cardiac arrest (28.5% vs. 28.7%; odds ratio (OR) = 0.99; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.87 to 1.14; p = 0.93), administration of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (61.5 vs. 63.6%; OR = 1.11; 95%CI: 0.98 to 1.26; p = 0.11), bystander automated external defibrillator use (both 2.8%; OR = 1.00; 95%CI: 0.69 to 1.45; p = 0.99), return of spontaneous circulation(8.4 vs. 8.9%; OR = 0.93; 95%CI: 0.47 to 1.88; p = 0.85), survival to hospital admission (9.0 vs. 10.2%, OR = 0.81; 95%CI: 0.45 to 1.44; p = 0.47), or survival to hospital discharge (13.4 vs. 12.4%; OR = 0.62; 95%CI: 0.22 to 1.72; p = 0.35). COVID-19 did not change pediatric cardiac arrest bystander interventions or outcomes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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18 pages, 1427 KiB  
Article
The TELE-DD Randomised Controlled Trial on Treatment Adherence in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Comorbid Depression: Clinical Outcomes after 18-Month Follow-Up
by María Luisa Lozano del Hoyo, María Teresa Fernandez Rodrigo, Fernando Urcola-Pardo, Alicia Monreal-Bartolomé, Diana Cecilia Gracia Ruiz, Mercedes Gómez Borao, Ana Belén Artigas Alcázar, José Pedro Martínez Casbas, Alexandra Aceituno Casas, María Teresa Andaluz Funcia and Juan Francisco Roy Delgado
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 328; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010328 - 25 Dec 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2831
Abstract
Clinical depression is associated with poorer adherence to hypoglycaemic medication in patients with diabetes mellitus, leading to poorer glycaemic control, diabetes management, and increased complications. The main aim of the TELE-DD trial was to demonstrate the efficacy of a proactive and psychoeducational telephonic [...] Read more.
Clinical depression is associated with poorer adherence to hypoglycaemic medication in patients with diabetes mellitus, leading to poorer glycaemic control, diabetes management, and increased complications. The main aim of the TELE-DD trial was to demonstrate the efficacy of a proactive and psychoeducational telephonic intervention based on motivational interviewing and collaborative care to reduce nonadherence and improve prognosis in individuals with diabetes mellitus and concurrent depression. Design: The TELE-DD project is a three-phased prospective study including a nested randomised controlled trial. Methods: The baseline cohort included the entire population of adult patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and concurrent depression. A randomised controlled trial was conducted in a selection of patients from the baseline cohort, distributed into a control group (n = 192) and an intervention group (n = 192). Monthly telephonic interventions delivered by specifically trained research nurses were centred on a psychoeducational individualised monitoring protocol including motivational interviewing and collaborative care strategies. Clinical and patient-centred data were systematically collected during an 18-month follow-up including HbA1c, Patient Health Questionnaire, and the Diabetes Distress Scale. Results: During the trial, 18-month follow-up HbA1C levels significantly (p < 0.001) decreased in the intervention group at every follow-up from an average of 8.72 (SD:1.49) to 7.03 (SD:1.09), but slightly increased in the control group from 8.65 (SD:1.40) to 8.84 (SD:1.38). Similar positive results were obtained in depression severity and diabetes distress, LDL-cholesterol, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, but only at the 18-month follow-up in body mass index reduction. Conclusions: This is the first trial to concurrently decrease biological and psychological outcomes with a monthly brief telephonic intervention, pointing out that a combined biopsychosocial intervention and collaborative care strategy is essential for current world health challenges. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04097483. Patient or Public Contribution: Diabetic patients not belonging to the TELE-DD population or trial sample were consulted during the study design to review and guarantee the clarity and understanding of the trial psychoeducational materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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11 pages, 1094 KiB  
Article
Hyperkalemia and Electrocardiogram Manifestations in End-Stage Renal Disease
by Zubaid Rafique, Bryan Hoang, Heba Mesbah, Ryan Pappal, Frank W. Peacock, Raul Juarez-Vela, Lukasz Szarpak and Dick C. Kuo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(23), 16140; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192316140 - 2 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1983
Abstract
Hyperkalemia is one of the more common acute life-threatening metabolic emergencies. The aim of our study is to determine the correlation and accuracy of abnormal ECG parameters as a function of serum potassium concentration in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population. We performed [...] Read more.
Hyperkalemia is one of the more common acute life-threatening metabolic emergencies. The aim of our study is to determine the correlation and accuracy of abnormal ECG parameters as a function of serum potassium concentration in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population. We performed a retrospective chart review of emergency department patients presenting with ESRD and receiving emergent hemodialysis treatment. A total of 96 patients, each with five independent ED visits, provided 480 sets of ECGs and electrolytes. Of these, four ECGs were excluded for inability to interpret, leaving a total of 476 patient encounters that met all inclusion criteria. Linear regression analysis on the limited data set for serum potassium versus T/R in V2, V3, and V4, PR, and QRS found weak correlations (r2 = 0.02 to 0.12) with statistical significance <0.05 level for T/R in V2, V3, and V4. In summary, we found that a QRS duration of 120 ms or greater is most predictive of hyperkalemia in the ESRD population. On the other hand, T/R ratio, PR interval and QRS duration have poor correlations with serum potassium and are not predictive of hyperkalemia in patients with ESRD. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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11 pages, 381 KiB  
Article
Clinical and Sociodemographic Profile of Psychomotor Agitation in Mental Health Hospitalisation: A Multicentre Study
by María Elena Garrote-Cámara, Vicente Gea-Caballero, Teresa Sufrate-Sorzano, Esther Rubinat-Arnaldo, José Ángel Santos-Sánchez, Ana Cobos-Rincón, Iván Santolalla-Arnedo and Raúl Juárez-Vela
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(23), 15972; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192315972 - 30 Nov 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1595
Abstract
Psychomotor agitation is characterised by an increase in psychomotor activity, restlessness and irritability. People with psychomotor agitation respond by over-reacting to both intrinsic and extrinsic stimuli, experiencing stress and/or altered cognition. The objective of this study is to assess the clinical and sociodemographic [...] Read more.
Psychomotor agitation is characterised by an increase in psychomotor activity, restlessness and irritability. People with psychomotor agitation respond by over-reacting to both intrinsic and extrinsic stimuli, experiencing stress and/or altered cognition. The objective of this study is to assess the clinical and sociodemographic profile of psychomotor agitation in patients with severe mental disorders. The study was carried out in Spain by means of multicentre cross-sectional convenience sampling involving 140 patients who had been admitted to psychiatric hospital units and had experienced an episode of psychomotor agitation between 2018 and 2021.Corrigan’s Agitated Behaviour Scale was used to assess psychomotor agitation. The results show that the predominant characteristic in psychomotor agitation is aggressiveness, which is also the most reported factor in patients with severe mental disorder. Patients who also have anxiety develop psychomotor agitation symptoms of moderate/severe intensity. The clinical and sociodemographic profile found in our study is consistent with other studies on the prevalence of psychomotor agitation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
15 pages, 1988 KiB  
Article
Effectiveness of an E-Book App on the Knowledge, Attitudes and Confidence of Nurses to Prevent and Care for Pressure Injury
by Shu-Ting Chuang, Pei-Lin Liao, Shu-Fen Lo, Ya-Ting Chang and Hsiang-Tzu Hsu
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(23), 15826; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192315826 - 28 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2003
Abstract
Aims: This study evaluates the effectiveness of an interactive E-book app training program in improving nurses’ knowledge, attitudes, and confidence to prevent and care for pressure injury. Design: Randomized experimental study. Methods: Participants were recruited from a teaching hospital in Taiwan. The study [...] Read more.
Aims: This study evaluates the effectiveness of an interactive E-book app training program in improving nurses’ knowledge, attitudes, and confidence to prevent and care for pressure injury. Design: Randomized experimental study. Methods: Participants were recruited from a teaching hospital in Taiwan. The study was carried out between 20 March 2014 to 1 April 2016. In total, 164 participants were randomly assigned to a pressure injury E-book app training program (n = 86) or a conventional education program (n = 78) with a one-month follow-up. Outcome variables were levels of pressure injury knowledge, attitudes, and confidence of pressure injury care. Results: Participants answered 51.96% of the pressure injury knowledge questions correctly before the intervention and 75.5% after the intervention. The pressure injury attitude score was slightly positive, with moderate confidence in pressure injury care. The knowledge, attitudes, and confidence of pressure injury care of the two groups in the pretest and posttest groups increased significantly. Analysis of covariance indicated that nurses in the pressure injury E-book app group had significantly greater improvement in knowledge, attitudes, and pressure injury care confidence as compared with the control group. Conclusion: The pressure injury E-book app interactive training program was effective in improving nurses’ knowledge and attitudes toward pressure injury care and in enhancing their confidence in pressure injury care; therefore, this program has potential for nurses’ in-service education in both Taiwan and worldwide. Impact: E-book apps allow individuals to control the time and place of learning. Direct observation of procedural skills can provide feedback to trainees on techniques to ensure learning effectiveness and pressure injury care quality. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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15 pages, 1108 KiB  
Article
Development and Validation of a Meta-Instrument for Nursing Assessment in Adult Hospitalization Units (VALENF Instrument) (Part I)
by David Luna-Aleixos, Irene Llagostera-Reverter, Ximo Castelló-Benavent, Marta Aquilué-Ballarín, Gema Mecho-Montoliu, Águeda Cervera-Gasch, María Jesús Valero-Chillerón, Desirée Mena-Tudela, Laura Andreu-Pejó, Rafael Martínez-Gonzálbez and Víctor M. González-Chordá
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(22), 14622; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192214622 - 8 Nov 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1884
Abstract
Nursing assessment is the basis for performing interventions that match patient needs, but nurses perceive it as an administrative load. This research aims to develop and validate a meta-instrument that integrates the assessment of functional capacity, risk of pressure ulcers and risk of [...] Read more.
Nursing assessment is the basis for performing interventions that match patient needs, but nurses perceive it as an administrative load. This research aims to develop and validate a meta-instrument that integrates the assessment of functional capacity, risk of pressure ulcers and risk of falling with a more parsimonious approach to nursing assessment in adult hospitalization units. Specifically, this manuscript presents the results of the development of this meta-instrument (VALENF instrument). A cross-sectional study based on recorded data was carried out in a sample of 1352 nursing assessments. Socio-demographic variables and assessments of Barthel, Braden and Downton indices at the time of admission were included. The meta-instrument’s development process includes: (i) nominal group; (ii) correlation analysis; (iii) multiple linear regressions models; (iv) reliability analysis. A seven-item solution showed a high predictive capacity with Barthel (R2adj = 0.938), Braden (R2adj = 0.926) and Downton (R2adj = 0.921) indices. Likewise, reliability was significant (p < 0.001) for Barthel (ICC = 0.969; τ-b = 0.850), Braden (ICC = 0.943; τ-b = 0.842) and Downton (ICC = 0.905; κ = 7.17) indices. VALENF instrument has an adequate predictive capacity and reliability to assess the level of functional capacity, risk of pressure injuries and risk of falls. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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15 pages, 912 KiB  
Article
Predictors of the Quality of Life of University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
by Enrique Ramón-Arbués, Emmanuel Echániz-Serrano, Blanca Martínez-Abadía, Isabel Antón-Solanas, Ana Cobos-Rincón, Iván Santolalla-Arnedo, Raúl Juárez-Vela and Benjamin Adam Jerue
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(19), 12043; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912043 - 23 Sep 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2972
Abstract
Quality of life (QOL) is a complex and multifaceted concept that has been used to study different aspects of people’s lives, including physical and psychological wellbeing, financial independence, social relationships, personal beliefs and living situation. In this study, we aimed to assess the [...] Read more.
Quality of life (QOL) is a complex and multifaceted concept that has been used to study different aspects of people’s lives, including physical and psychological wellbeing, financial independence, social relationships, personal beliefs and living situation. In this study, we aimed to assess the QOL of a group of Spanish university students and identify associated factors. Method: We completed a cross-sectional study of the QOL of 868 university students using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. In addition, data regarding sociodemographic information and self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire—Short version), diet (Spanish Index of Healthy Eating), alcohol consumption (CAGE questionnaire) and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) were collected. Results: A total of 66.2% of participants assessed their QOL positively, while 58.8% favorably evaluated their overall health. Students reported the highest scores for the physical health domain of QOL, whereas they gave the lowest scores for the psychological health domain. Age was inversely associated with QOL. Higher self-esteem and satisfaction with academic performance, as well as sleep and diet quality, were directly associated with higher QOL. The physical health domain of QOL was scored more highly by participants who had a healthy body weight or those who reported moderate levels of physical activity. Higher scores in the social relationships domain of QOL were directly linked to alcohol intake, smoking and low body weight in addition to being inversely associated with screen time. The psychological domain of QOL was lower for those who were overweight or lived alone. Conclusion: Many sociodemographic, academic and behavioral variables are associated with university students’ QOL. The present findings underscore the need to direct further initiatives toward identifying and overcoming barriers to increased QOL for university students. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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11 pages, 378 KiB  
Article
Clinical and Epidemiological Approach to Delirium in an Acute Care Unit: A Cross-Sectional Study
by Pablo Jorge-Samitier, Raúl Juárez-Vela, Iván Santolalla-Arnedo, Ana Cobos-Rincón, José Ángel Santos-Sánchez, Vicente Gea-Caballero, Pedro José Satústegui-Dorda, Ana Anguas-Gracia, Clara Isabel Tejada-Garrido, Fernando Urcola-Pardo and María Teresa Fernández-Rodrigo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(15), 9406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159406 - 31 Jul 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1698
Abstract
During hospital admissions, the union of various factors, those related to acute pathology, dependency conditions, cognitive impairment, change of habitual environment, and others, can cause delirium. Acute delirium in the elderly (ADE) occurs in around a third of patients over 70 years of [...] Read more.
During hospital admissions, the union of various factors, those related to acute pathology, dependency conditions, cognitive impairment, change of habitual environment, and others, can cause delirium. Acute delirium in the elderly (ADE) occurs in around a third of patients over 70 years of age. The syndrome generates serious complications that increase hospital morbidity and mortality and a high cost for the health administration. This study aimed to determine the clinical and epidemiological profile of ADE in an internal medicine unit. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out using a convenience test. A total of 356 patients participated between September and November 2021. Sociodemographic variables, predisposing and precipitating factors of ADE, methods of action against ADE, and the impact on functional and cognitive deterioration were analyzed. A total of 35.1% of the patients developed ADE, mostly of the hyperactive type and of nocturnal appearance. ADE was mainly treated with psychoactive drugs and 22% required mechanical restraint, with non-pharmacological preventive strategies, support, and caregiver training being the main tools for controlling ADE during hospital admission. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
12 pages, 3868 KiB  
Article
Perception and Readiness to Undertake Maggot Debridement Therapy with the Use of Lucilia sericata Larvae in the Group of Nurses
by Dariusz Bazaliński, Joanna Przybek Mita, Lucyna Ścisło and Paweł Więch
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2895; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052895 - 2 Mar 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 5561
Abstract
The sight and smell of larvae in the wound may cause negative visual and olfactory impressions in sensitive individuals because of decaying body parts, carrion, and suffering. However, Maggot Debridement Therapy (MDT) is highly effective, safe, and cheap in wound healing and tissue [...] Read more.
The sight and smell of larvae in the wound may cause negative visual and olfactory impressions in sensitive individuals because of decaying body parts, carrion, and suffering. However, Maggot Debridement Therapy (MDT) is highly effective, safe, and cheap in wound healing and tissue revitalization for both the patient and health systems. The aim of the study was to assess the readiness to undertake MDT in a group of qualified nurses who perform therapeutic procedures in patients treated for chronic wounds. A diagnostic survey was used. The research tool was a scientific research protocol consisting of three questionnaires (sociodemographics, MDT perception questionnaire, pictures of wounds for visual assessment). The study included 290 nurses; the mean age was over 42.6 ± 9.9 years, and the median was 44 years. The perception and readiness to implement the method in the tested sample is at the average (standard) level. The image of maggots in the wound causes negative emotions among medical personnel. The higher the knowledge of the MDT method, the greater the motivation to implement it in practice. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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14 pages, 5458 KiB  
Article
Super Divya, an Interactive Digital Storytelling Instructional Comic Series to Sustain Facilitation Skills of Labor and Delivery Nurse Mentors in Bihar, India—A Pilot Study
by Anika Kalra, Nidhi Subramaniam, Ojungsangla Longkumer, Manju Siju, Liya Susan Jose, Rohit Srivastava, Sunny Lin, Seema Handu, Sudha Murugesan, Mikelle Lloyd, Solange Madriz, Alisa Jenny, Kevin Thorn, Kimberly Calkins, Heidi Breeze-Harris, Susanna R. Cohen, Rakesh Ghosh and Dilys Walker
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2675; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052675 - 25 Feb 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3263
Abstract
To improve the quality of intrapartum care in public health facilities of Bihar, India, a statewide quality improvement program was implemented. Nurses participated in simulation sessions to improve their clinical, teamwork, and communication skills. Nurse mentors, tasked with facilitating these sessions, received training [...] Read more.
To improve the quality of intrapartum care in public health facilities of Bihar, India, a statewide quality improvement program was implemented. Nurses participated in simulation sessions to improve their clinical, teamwork, and communication skills. Nurse mentors, tasked with facilitating these sessions, received training in best practices. To support the mentors in the on-going facilitation of these trainings, we developed a digital, interactive, comic series starring “Super Divya”, a simulation facilitation superhero. The objective of these modules was to reinforce key concepts of simulation facilitation in a less formal and more engaging way than traditional didactic lessons. This virtual platform offers the flexibility to watch modules frequently and at preferred times. This pilot study involved 205 simulation educators who were sent one module at a time. Shortly before sending the first module, nurses completed a baseline knowledge survey, followed by brief surveys after each module to assess change in knowledge. Significant improvements in knowledge were observed across individual scores from baseline to post-survey. A majority found Super Divya modules to be acceptable and feasible to use as a learning tool. However, a few abstract concepts in the modules were not well-understood, suggesting that more needs to be done to communicate their core meaning of these concepts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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18 pages, 1204 KiB  
Article
Correlation between Positive Orientation and Control of Anger, Anxiety and Depression in Nursing Students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia during the COVID-19 Pandemic
by Ewa Kupcewicz, Marzena Mikla, Helena Kadučáková, Elżbieta Grochans, Maria Dolores Roldán Valcarcel and Anna Maria Cybulska
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2482; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042482 - 21 Feb 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 3103
Abstract
(1) This study analysed the relationship between positive orientation and subjective control of anger, anxiety and depression in nursing students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia during the pandemic. (2) The survey was carried out by the diagnostic survey method in a group of [...] Read more.
(1) This study analysed the relationship between positive orientation and subjective control of anger, anxiety and depression in nursing students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia during the pandemic. (2) The survey was carried out by the diagnostic survey method in a group of 756 nursing students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia. The empirical data were gathered using an original survey questionnaire, the Positive Orientation Scale and the Courtauld Emotional Control Scale. (3) It was shown that the positive orientation level in Polish students was significantly lower than in students in Spain (p < 0.0001) and Slovakia (p < 0.0001). Low results for positive orientation were obtained in nearly half (47.18%) of the respondents in the Polish sample, whereas it was 34.18% and 31.18% in the Spanish and Slovak samples, respectively (p < 0.0001). A positive orientation was the most important predictor of emotional control among the nursing students at all the sites (p < 0.0001). (4) Positive orientation has been shown to have a significant impact on emotional control in nursing students during the pandemic. Therefore, it is important to carefully monitor students’ mental health during the pandemic to determine the demand for psychological and emotional support. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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16 pages, 794 KiB  
Article
Unveiling Associations of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance, Hesitancy, and Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Community-Based Adult Survey
by Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, María Torres-Serrano and Andrés Cencerrado
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12348; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312348 - 24 Nov 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2368
Abstract
COVID-19 vaccines are essential to limit and eliminate the infectious disease. This research aims to identify strong vaccination resistance profiles and/or hesitation considering health, psychosocial, and COVID-related variables. A cross-sectional online survey (N = 300) was conducted in the context of strict [...] Read more.
COVID-19 vaccines are essential to limit and eliminate the infectious disease. This research aims to identify strong vaccination resistance profiles and/or hesitation considering health, psychosocial, and COVID-related variables. A cross-sectional online survey (N = 300) was conducted in the context of strict COVID-related gathering and mobility restrictions (January–March 2021). Data collected were vaccine acceptance, hesitancy and resistance rates, general psychosocial status, and preventive practices and beliefs regarding COVID-19 and its vaccination, among other factors. Logistic regression was applied to a real-world data set and a significant model (χ2 (7, N = 278) = 124.548, p < 0.001) explaining 51.3% (R2 Nagelkerke) of attitudes towards vaccination was obtained, including the following predictors for acceptance: to have greater confidence in the COVID vaccine security (OR = 0.599) and effectiveness (OR = 0.683), older age (OR = 0.952), to be a healthcare professional (OR = 0.363), to have vulnerable individuals in charge (OR = 0.330), and sustain the belief that the vaccine will end the pandemic situation (OR = 0.346) or not being sure but give some credence to that belief (OR = 0.414). Findings could help understand the rate and determinants of COVID-19 vaccine resistance/hesitancy among a Spanish population sample and facilitate multifaceted interventions to enhance vaccine acceptance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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15 pages, 396 KiB  
Article
Satisfaction and Beliefs on Gender-Based Violence: A Training Program of Mexican Nursing Students Based on Simulated Video Consultations during the COVID-19 Pandemic
by Diana Jiménez-Rodríguez, Oscar Arrogante, Maravillas Giménez-Fernández, Magdalena Gómez-Díaz, Nery Guerrero Mojica and Isabel Morales-Moreno
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12284; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312284 - 23 Nov 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2564
Abstract
The increase in gender-based violence in light of the COVID-19 pandemic is a public health problem that needs to be addressed. Our study aimed to describe the satisfaction with a training program in gender violence victim’s attention through simulated nursing video consultations, analyze [...] Read more.
The increase in gender-based violence in light of the COVID-19 pandemic is a public health problem that needs to be addressed. Our study aimed to describe the satisfaction with a training program in gender violence victim’s attention through simulated nursing video consultations, analyze the beliefs on gender violence in Mexican undergraduate nursing students, and understand the skills that need to be improved. A descriptive cross-sectional study using a mixed-method was carried out with 27 students using a validated satisfaction questionnaire (quantitative data) and conducting scripted interviews (qualitative data) analyzed through the interpretive paradigm. All nursing students expressed a high overall satisfaction with simulated nursing video consultations and positive perceptions about this training program. From the students’ perceptions, three first-level categories and their related second-level and specific categories emerged: belief and myths, skills to improve, and learning improvements. A training program in gender violence victim’s attention through simulated nursing video consultations, in the middle of a pandemic, was a satisfactory experience for nursing students and beneficial for them, as they gained new knowledge and socioemotional skills. This training program mainly improved the acquisition of communication and emotional management skills for an adequate gender violence victim’s attention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
28 pages, 430 KiB  
Article
Perception and Experience of Transcultural Care of Stakeholders and Health Service Users with a Migrant Background: A Qualitative Study
by Benjamin Gaya-Sancho, Valérie Vanceulebroeck, Nuran Kömürcü, Indrani Kalkan, Antonio Casa-Nova, Elena Tambo-Lizalde, Margarida Coelho, Evy Present, Seda Değirmenci Öz, Teresa Coelho, Sofie Vermeiren, Arzu Kavala, Benjamin Adam Jerue, Berta Sáez-Gutiérrez and Isabel Antón-Solanas
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10503; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910503 - 7 Oct 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3747
Abstract
Introduction: While European health policies do frequently take into consideration the ideas and experiences of their users, the voices of minority and marginalized communities are not often heard. European healthcare services must address this issue as the number of healthcare users with an [...] Read more.
Introduction: While European health policies do frequently take into consideration the ideas and experiences of their users, the voices of minority and marginalized communities are not often heard. European healthcare services must address this issue as the number of healthcare users with an MM background increases. Aim: To explore the perspectives of key stakeholders and healthcare users with an MM background on transcultural care in four European countries. Design: Qualitative phenomenological study. Methods: Semi-structured, individual interviews were conducted with stakeholders and MM users. Interviews were translated and transcribed verbatim and were carried out from February to May 2021. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the characteristics of the sample; qualitative data were analyzed thematically following Braun and Clarke’s phases, resulting in 6 themes and 18 subthemes. Results: For stakeholders and MM users with long-established residence in their respective countries, cultural differences involve different family and community norms, religious beliefs, lifestyles, and habits. These components are perceived as in tension with healthcare norms and values, and they mediate in two key and related aspects of the relationship between MM users and healthcare providers: accessibility and communication. Conclusions: Communication and access to healthcare are key to MM health service users, and they are the most frequent sources of misunderstanding and conflict between them and healthcare professionals. Impact: It is important to extend the investigation of cultural issues in healthcare to stakeholders and MM users. There is no doubt that healthcare professionals should be trained in cultural competence; however, cultural competence training is not the only area for improvement. There should be a change in paradigm in healthcare services across Europe: from individual to organizational integration of culture and diversity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
14 pages, 2034 KiB  
Article
A Comparative Study of 2-Hour Interface Pressure in Different Angles of Laterally Inclined, Supine, and Fowler’s Position
by Soo-Yeon Kim and Yong-Soon Shin
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 9992; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18199992 - 23 Sep 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2550
Abstract
Insufficient research exists for position change intervals to eradicate pressure ulcers. We tried to provide evidence for the position change interval by comparing peak pressure, risk area ratio, and the time to reach 30 mmHg and 60 mmHg, and presented this in detail, [...] Read more.
Insufficient research exists for position change intervals to eradicate pressure ulcers. We tried to provide evidence for the position change interval by comparing peak pressure, risk area ratio, and the time to reach 30 mmHg and 60 mmHg, and presented this in detail, according to the angle in the three positions. The study conducted RCTs on a total of 64 healthy adults. For two hours, interface pressure measurements were compared with 30° and 90° tilting at the inclined, 0° and 45° head-of-bed (HOB) elevation at the supine, and 30° and 45° HOB elevation at the Fowler’s position. The peak pressure on 30° tilting remained less than 60 mmHg for 2 h, unlike 90° tilting. To reach 60 mmHg took 78.18 min at 30° tilting, within 30 min at the 30° supine, 30° and 45° at the Fowler’s position, and 39.55 min at 0° supine. The pressure difference according to the angles was only significant at 30° and 90° tilting, with no difference in the other groups. To prevent pressure ulcers, position changes are required every 2 h in the 30° tilting position, every 1.5 to 2 h at 0° supine, and at least every 1.5 h for all the other positions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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12 pages, 368 KiB  
Article
Healthy Lifestyle and Academic Performance in Middle School Students from the Region of Aragón (Spain)
by Beatriz Sánchez-Hernando, Isabel Antón-Solanas, Raúl Juárez-Vela, Vicente Gea-Caballero, María Inmaculada Carboneres-Tafaner, Elisa Ferrer-Gracia, Javier Gállego-Diéguez, Iván Santolalla-Arnedo and Ángel Gasch-Gallén
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8624; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168624 - 15 Aug 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 5057
Abstract
A healthy lifestyle is important to the present and future development and health of school age people. This study aims to analyze the relationship between daily lifestyle habits and academic performance in a sample of adolescents from the autonomous community of Aragon (Spain). [...] Read more.
A healthy lifestyle is important to the present and future development and health of school age people. This study aims to analyze the relationship between daily lifestyle habits and academic performance in a sample of adolescents from the autonomous community of Aragon (Spain). We performed a cross-sectional study to analyze the lifestyle habits and academic performance of a total of 1745 7th and 8th grade middle school students during the academic year 2018–2019; the participants were selected from a random sample of 43 middle schools from the region of Aragon. The following data were collected through an anonymized, previously validated questionnaire: diet, sleep, physical activity, use of screens, use of toxic substances, and academic performance. We found a statistically significant association between all the lifestyle habits analyzed and academic performance (p < 0.001) in our sample. Based on our findings, we suggest that health promotion and education in healthy lifestyles should be integrated in middle school curricula to improve academic performance and, more importantly, to promote both present and future health outcomes of adolescents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
9 pages, 348 KiB  
Article
Advanced Practice Nursing in Cardiology: The Slovak Perspective for the Role Development and Implementation
by Beáta Grešš Halász, Lucia Dimunová, Ivana Rónayová, Viliam Knap and Ľubomíra Lizáková
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8543; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168543 - 12 Aug 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2405
Abstract
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death globally. Most can be prevented by addressing behavioral risk factors, where advanced practice nurses- clinical specialists in cardiovascular nursing play a fundamental role. This modern and effective role is based on advanced [...] Read more.
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death globally. Most can be prevented by addressing behavioral risk factors, where advanced practice nurses- clinical specialists in cardiovascular nursing play a fundamental role. This modern and effective role is based on advanced activities, knowledge, skills, and experience in a specialized field, which can make a significant contribution to solving the problems of these civilization diseases. The aim of this work is to explore the self-perception of advanced-practice nurses (APNs) working in cardiology and vascular medicine departments within the context of advanced-practice nursing. Methods: This quantitative exploratory study included 103 APNs working in cardiology and vascular diseases departments of specialized hospitals in Slovakia. A validated instrument was used. Results: The overall perception was at the level of 68.01%. The highest-rated domain was the outcomes for patients/clients, and subdomains were meeting the needs, education of healthcare workers, and quality in relation to management. There was a significant difference found among hospitals with a better scoring of specialized institutions. Conclusion: There have been promising advances due to the current legislation in Slovakia defining APNs and specialists’ competencies. However, the practice in nursing for CVD patients remains fragmented, uncategorized and less valued by stakeholders and the public. According to the results, nurses have the potential and preparedness for this role in the context of their knowledge and skills in general. The Authors conclude that there is a need of such specialization of APNs in Slovakia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
13 pages, 904 KiB  
Article
Developing the First Telenursing Service for COVID-19 Patients: The Experience of South Korea
by Hyunsook Heo, Kyungyi Lee, Eunhee Jung and Hyangyuol Lee
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6885; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136885 - 26 Jun 2021
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 4892
Abstract
This study aimed to examine the process of establishing a telenursing service for COVID-19 patients with mild or no symptoms admitted to a community treatment center (CTC). The process of establishing the service was reviewed, and the degree of satisfaction with the provided [...] Read more.
This study aimed to examine the process of establishing a telenursing service for COVID-19 patients with mild or no symptoms admitted to a community treatment center (CTC). The process of establishing the service was reviewed, and the degree of satisfaction with the provided service was investigated based on the medical records the patients submitted at their discharge from the CTC. A total of 113 patients were admitted; the patients themselves entered the self-measured vital signs and symptoms of COVID-19 infection to the electronic questionnaires and mobile application. The nurses implemented remote nursing based on the patients’ input data. The educational materials, including the video for self-measuring vital signs and the living guidelines, were prepared and arranged in advance. The telenursing protocol regarding the whole process from the patients’ admission to their discharge was used and applied to five other CTCs. The non-contact counseling service’s satisfaction and convenience scores were 4.65 points and 4.62 points, respectively, out of 5 points. The non-contact nursing counseling service played an important role in monitoring patients’ medical conditions during the spread of COVID-19. This experience of establishing telenursing services to the CTC provides a clear direction to innovate healthcare services in future disasters. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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11 pages, 992 KiB  
Article
Validation of the Psychometric Properties of the Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index in Primary Health Care in Portugal
by Pedro Lucas, Elvio Jesus, Sofia Almeida and Beatriz Araújo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6422; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126422 - 14 Jun 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 3925
Abstract
Studies related to the work environment in primary health care are scarce in the literature. The present study aimed to validate the psychometric properties of the Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) in primary health care (PHC) and to evaluate its [...] Read more.
Studies related to the work environment in primary health care are scarce in the literature. The present study aimed to validate the psychometric properties of the Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) in primary health care (PHC) and to evaluate its construct validity through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of Portuguese nurses. A quantitative, cross-sectional, and validation study design was implemented. Methods: The sample consisted of 1059 nurses from the PHC units of all 55 health center groups (HCGs) in mainland Portugal, 15 health centers in the Autonomous Region of Madeira, and 6 health centers in the Autonomous Region of the Azores. The study tested different structural models using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis techniques. The reliability of the scale was tested by determining Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Results: The internal consistency of the PES-NWI was 0.91. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on the PES-NWI model in PHC with five factors: NPOA, NFQC, NMALSN, SRA, and CNPR. The results show that the scale presents acceptable fit quality indexes in the final factorial solution and adequate convergent validity. Conclusion: The PES-NWI in PHC has an adequate, robust, and reliable five-factor structure. The scale is valid and can be used in clinical practice, nursing management, and PHC research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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11 pages, 1280 KiB  
Article
Impact of Reducing Sitting Time in Women with Fibromyalgia and Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial
by Beatriz Rodríguez-Roca, Fernando Urcola-Pardo, Ana Anguas-Gracia, Ana Belén Subirón-Valera, Ángel Gasch-Gallén, Isabel Antón-Solanas and Ana M. Gascón-Catalán
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6237; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126237 - 9 Jun 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2691
Abstract
Background: Sitting time has negative effects on health, increasing the risk of obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes, and cancer. Thus, primary health care education interventions aimed to reduce sitting time and sedentary behavior could have beneficial effects on people’s health and wellbeing. The purpose of [...] Read more.
Background: Sitting time has negative effects on health, increasing the risk of obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes, and cancer. Thus, primary health care education interventions aimed to reduce sitting time and sedentary behavior could have beneficial effects on people’s health and wellbeing. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an intervention based on reducing sitting time to decrease cardiometabolic risk on a sample of women diagnosed with fibromyalgia and moderate obesity. Methods: Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention to decrease cardiometabolic risk in 84 participants. Sedentary behavior was monitored using an accelerometer before and at 3-month follow-up. Results: Compared with the control group, body mass index decreased, and the number of steps taken increased, in the intervention group 3 months after the intervention. No significant differences were found in the rest of the variables measured. Conclusion: The intervention group decreased sitting time after the intervention. Group activities and support from primary care may be useful to improve treatment adherence. RCT registration: NCT01729936. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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11 pages, 1350 KiB  
Article
Effectiveness of Integrated Education to Reduce Postoperative Nausea, Vomiting, and Dizziness after Abdominal Surgery under General Anesthesia
by Yoonhee Seok, Eunyoung E. Suh, Soo-Young Yu, JeongYun Park, Hyunjin Park and Eunsil Lee
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 6124; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116124 - 6 Jun 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3416
Abstract
This study presents an anticipatory integrated education program for nausea, vomiting, and dizziness prevention (anti-NVD education program) for patients undergoing abdominal surgery under general anesthesia. The anti-NVD education program for nephrectomy patients consisted of the following: the causes of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and [...] Read more.
This study presents an anticipatory integrated education program for nausea, vomiting, and dizziness prevention (anti-NVD education program) for patients undergoing abdominal surgery under general anesthesia. The anti-NVD education program for nephrectomy patients consisted of the following: the causes of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and dizziness; effective deep breathing and how to use an inspirometer; postoperative nausea and vomiting; effective methods of patient-controlled analgesia; and the stepwise standing up method to prevent dizziness. A study was conducted among 79 adults (experimental group: n = 40, control group: n = 39). The degree of nausea and dizziness was measured using a numerical rating scale (NRS), and vomiting and the frequency of antiemetic use were measured in terms of the number of patients. The experimental group, which received the anti-NVD education, showed remarkably lower levels of nausea (p = 0.013) and dizziness (p < 0.001) than the control group. The frequency of antiemetic use 48 hours after surgery was significantly lower in the experimental group (p = 0.03). This study proved the efficacy of the anti-NVD education program for reducing postoperative nausea and dizziness. This program can be used as a noninvasive nursing intervention to prevent nausea, vomiting, and dizziness among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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18 pages, 2056 KiB  
Article
The Effects of Group Art Therapy on the Primary Family Caregivers of Hospitalized Patients with Brain Injuries in South Korea
by Nayoung Kim, Shin-Jeong Kim, Geum-Hee Jeong, Younjae Oh, Heejung Jang and Aee-Lee Kim
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 5000; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18095000 - 9 May 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2925
Abstract
This study examined the effects of group art therapy on depression, burden, and self-efficacy in primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. This was a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group and a pre- and post-test design. This study was carried out in one [...] Read more.
This study examined the effects of group art therapy on depression, burden, and self-efficacy in primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. This was a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group and a pre- and post-test design. This study was carried out in one national rehabilitation hospital targeting 41 primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. Group art therapy intervention was carried out three days per week comprising 12 sessions over four consecutive weeks. The experimental group (n = 20) received group art therapy, whereas the control group (n = 21) did not. We used a time difference method to minimize the risk of contaminating the control group by sampling sequentially. For depression, although there was a significant difference after the intervention (t = 3.296, p = 0.004), the mean difference score was not statistically significant between the experimental group and the control group (t = 0.861, p = 0.395). The experimental group showed a significantly greater decrease in burden (t = 2.462, p = 0.020) and significantly greater improvement in self-efficacy (t = −6.270, p < 0.001) than the control group. Group art therapy may be an effective nursing intervention for primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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10 pages, 731 KiB  
Article
Nurses’ Perceptions on the Implementation of a Safe Drug Administration Protocol and Its Effect on Error Notification
by Francisco Miguel Escandell-Rico, Juana Perpiñá-Galvañ, Lucía Pérez-Fernández, Ángela Sanjuán-Quiles, Piedras Albas Gómez-Beltrán and Juan Diego Ramos-Pichardo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3718; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073718 - 2 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 3137
Abstract
Patient safety and quality of care are fundamental pillars in the health policies of various governments and international organizations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate nurses’ perceptions on the degree of implementation of a protocol for the standardization of care and [...] Read more.
Patient safety and quality of care are fundamental pillars in the health policies of various governments and international organizations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate nurses’ perceptions on the degree of implementation of a protocol for the standardization of care and to measure its influence on notification of adverse events related to the administration of medications. This comparative study used data obtained from questionnaires completed by 180 nurses from medical and surgical units. Our analyses included analysis of variance and regression models. We observe that the responses changed unevenly over time in each group, finding significant differences in all comparisons. The mean response rating was increased at 6 months in the intervention group, and this level was maintained at 12 months. With the new protocol, a total of 246 adverse events and 481 incidents without harm was reported. Thus, actions such as the use of protocols and event notification systems should be implemented to improve quality of care and patient safety. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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Review

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14 pages, 2611 KiB  
Review
Comprehensive Care after Myocardial Infarction (CCMI): Long-Term Investment in the Health of Polish Citizens
by Grzegorz Kubielas, Paulina Hydzik and Łukasz Rypicz
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(12), 7518; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127518 - 20 Jun 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2133
Abstract
The comprehensive care model after myocardial infarction (CCMI, in Polish: KOS-Zawał) has been in effect continuously since October 2017. Within the bundle of services financed by the Polish National Health Fund (NHF), patients receive a diagnosis, conservative and invasive treatment, early cardiac rehabilitation [...] Read more.
The comprehensive care model after myocardial infarction (CCMI, in Polish: KOS-Zawał) has been in effect continuously since October 2017. Within the bundle of services financed by the Polish National Health Fund (NHF), patients receive a diagnosis, conservative and invasive treatment, early cardiac rehabilitation and follow-up visits for 12 months. The existing model of managing patients after myocardial infarction (MI) implements all crucial aspects of care recommended by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), emphasised many times. The purpose of this paper was to report and describe the course of the implementation of the unique concept—CCMI model, including the scope of the introduced changes and the implementation and structural evaluation of its effects over the period 2017–2021. Our preliminary study reported that the CCMI programme reduces the risk of patient death in the first year after MI by 29%. Furthermore, the authors point out the strict cause and effect relationship between the cardiovascular disease prevention programme since 2004 as the key instrument for the primary systemic prevention implemented outside the CCMI model. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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20 pages, 1465 KiB  
Review
Modulating Elements of Nurse Resilience in Population Care during the COVID-19 Pandemic
by Ester Sierra-García, Eva María Sosa-Palanca, Carlos Saus-Ortega, Antonio Ruiz-Hontangas, Raúl Juárez-Vela and Vicente Gea-Caballero
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4452; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084452 - 7 Apr 2022
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 3568
Abstract
COVID-19 has significantly affected the work environment of nurses. In the face of the challenges posed by stressors in clinical practice, some nurses adapt and prove to be resilient. In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, the nature of care itself and the [...] Read more.
COVID-19 has significantly affected the work environment of nurses. In the face of the challenges posed by stressors in clinical practice, some nurses adapt and prove to be resilient. In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, the nature of care itself and the new ways of working are potentially very stressful. We aim to analyze the resilience of care nurses to the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study is a systematic review of nurse caregiver resilience to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2021. Our search was conducted in the WOS, Medline/PubMed, Cochrane, BVS/LILACS, and Cuiden databases. The inclusion criteria were: studies published in Spanish or English; carried out from March 2020 to May 2021 on nurses caring for patients with COVID-19; and investigating the factors influencing the psychological impact, resilience, strategies to develop it, and interventions to promote it during this pandemic and others, such as SARS, MERS, or ebola. The quality of the studies and the risk of bias were evaluated following ICROMS, STROBE and AMSTAR-2 criteria. Twenty-two studies were selected. Most of the studies highlighted the presence of stressors in nurses, emphasizing those of the environment, which converged in dysfunctional responses that hurt their resilience. The most persuasive factors were social and organizational support. Coping strategies developed by nurses and especially interventions by organizations were detected as instruments to foster resilience, but have not been well researched. Resilience has a key moderating role in mitigating the psychological impact of nurses in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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17 pages, 1213 KiB  
Review
Risk Factors for Pressure Injuries in Adult Patients: A Narrative Synthesis
by Man-Long Chung, Manuel Widdel, Julian Kirchhoff, Julia Sellin, Mohieddine Jelali, Franziska Geiser, Martin Mücke and Rupert Conrad
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 761; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020761 - 11 Jan 2022
Cited by 25 | Viewed by 8624
Abstract
Pressure injuries remain a serious health complication for patients and nursing staff. Evidence from the past decade has not been analysed through narrative synthesis yet. PubMed, Embase, CINAHL Complete, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and other reviews/sources were screened. Risk of bias was [...] Read more.
Pressure injuries remain a serious health complication for patients and nursing staff. Evidence from the past decade has not been analysed through narrative synthesis yet. PubMed, Embase, CINAHL Complete, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and other reviews/sources were screened. Risk of bias was evaluated using a slightly modified QUIPS tool. Risk factor domains were used to assign (non)statistically independent risk factors. Hence, 67 studies with 679,660 patients were included. In low to moderate risk of bias studies, non-blanchable erythema reliably predicted pressure injury stage 2. Factors influencing mechanical boundary conditions, e.g., higher interface pressure or BMI < 18.5, as well as factors affecting interindividual susceptibility (male sex, older age, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, diabetes, hypotension, low physical activity, existing pressure injuries) and treatment-related aspects, such as length of stay in intensive care units, were identified as possible risk factors for pressure injury development. Health care professionals’ evidence-based knowledge of above-mentioned risk factors is vital to ensure optimal prevention and/or treatment. Openly accessible risk factors, e.g., sex, age, BMI, pre-existing diabetes, and non-blanchable erythema, can serve as yellow flags for pressure injury development. Close communication concerning further risk factors, e.g., anemia, hypoalbuminemia, or low physical activity, may optimize prevention and/or treatment. Further high-quality evidence is warranted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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22 pages, 1190 KiB  
Review
Living with Long Term Conditions from the Perspective of Family Caregivers. A Scoping Review and Narrative Synthesis
by Patricia Marín-Maicas, Silvia Corchón, Leire Ambrosio and Mari Carmen Portillo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7294; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147294 - 8 Jul 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3483
Abstract
(1) Background: When living with one or more long term conditions (LTCs), both the patient and the family experience the impact of the condition at different levels. The family’s needs and perceptions should be considered in the process of caring for people with [...] Read more.
(1) Background: When living with one or more long term conditions (LTCs), both the patient and the family experience the impact of the condition at different levels. The family’s needs and perceptions should be considered in the process of caring for people with LTCs. The aim of this review is to understand “the process of living with LTCs” from a family perspective. (2) Methods: A scoping review and narrative synthesis were conducted using a systematic methodology in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science and PsycINFO, in English and Spanish, including evidence from 2018. (3) Results: A total of 28 articles were included in the review. Acceptance, coping, self-management, integration, and adjustment were key attributes in the process of living with LTCs from the perspective of family caregivers that interrelated in a dynamic way through different mechanisms: being aware of the changing situation, personal networks, information and education, personal conditions, attitude to life and communication. (4) Conclusions: The five attributes that comprise living with LTCs from the perspective of the family caregiver are closely connected of to those of patients living with LTCs; however, self-management and integration have a different meaning and application. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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21 pages, 1127 KiB  
Protocol
Development and Validation of a Mobile Application as an Adjuvant Treatment for People Diagnosed with Long COVID-19: Protocol for a Co-Creation Study of a Health Asset and an Analysis of Its Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness
by Mario Samper-Pardo, Sandra León-Herrera, Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez, Belén Benedé-Azagra, Rosa Magallón-Botaya, Isabel Gómez-Soria, Estela Calatayud, Alejandra Aguilar-Latorre, Fátima Méndez-López, Sara Pérez-Palomares, Ana Cobos-Rincón, Diana Valero-Errazu, Lucia Sagarra-Romero and Raquel Sánchez-Recio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(1), 462; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010462 - 27 Dec 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 3406
Abstract
Objective: To analyse the overall effectiveness and cost-efficiency of a mobile application (APP) as a community health asset (HA) with recommendations and recovery exercises created bearing in mind the main symptoms presented by patients in order to improve their quality of life, as [...] Read more.
Objective: To analyse the overall effectiveness and cost-efficiency of a mobile application (APP) as a community health asset (HA) with recommendations and recovery exercises created bearing in mind the main symptoms presented by patients in order to improve their quality of life, as well as other secondary variables, such as the number and severity of ongoing symptoms, physical and cognitive functions, affective state, and sleep quality. Methods: The first step was to design and develop the technologic community resource, the APP, following the steps involved in the process of recommending health assets (RHA). After this, a protocol of a randomised clinical trial for analysing its effectiveness and cost-efficiency as a HA was developed. The participants will be assigned to: (1st) usual treatment by the primary care practitioner (TAU), as a control group; and (2nd) TAU + use of the APP as a HA and adjuvant treatment in their recovery + three motivational interviews (MI), as an interventional group. An evaluation will be carried out at baseline with further assessments three and six months following the end of the intervention. Discussion: Although research and care for these patients are still in their initial stages, it is necessary to equip patients and health care practitioners with tools to assist in their recovery. Furthermore, enhanced motivation can be achieved through telerehabilitation (TR). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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