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Article

Unveiling Associations of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance, Hesitancy, and Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Community-Based Adult Survey

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Psynaptic, Psicología y Servicios Científicos y Tecnológicos S.L.P, 08192 Barcelona, Spain
2
GIES Research Group, Basic Psychology Department, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08192 Barcelona, Spain
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Research Group on Aging, Frailty and Care Transitions in Barcelona, Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili & Vall d’Hebron Research Institute (VHIR), 08023 Barcelona, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08192 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12348; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312348
Received: 1 November 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 24 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
COVID-19 vaccines are essential to limit and eliminate the infectious disease. This research aims to identify strong vaccination resistance profiles and/or hesitation considering health, psychosocial, and COVID-related variables. A cross-sectional online survey (N = 300) was conducted in the context of strict COVID-related gathering and mobility restrictions (January–March 2021). Data collected were vaccine acceptance, hesitancy and resistance rates, general psychosocial status, and preventive practices and beliefs regarding COVID-19 and its vaccination, among other factors. Logistic regression was applied to a real-world data set and a significant model (χ2 (7, N = 278) = 124.548, p < 0.001) explaining 51.3% (R2 Nagelkerke) of attitudes towards vaccination was obtained, including the following predictors for acceptance: to have greater confidence in the COVID vaccine security (OR = 0.599) and effectiveness (OR = 0.683), older age (OR = 0.952), to be a healthcare professional (OR = 0.363), to have vulnerable individuals in charge (OR = 0.330), and sustain the belief that the vaccine will end the pandemic situation (OR = 0.346) or not being sure but give some credence to that belief (OR = 0.414). Findings could help understand the rate and determinants of COVID-19 vaccine resistance/hesitancy among a Spanish population sample and facilitate multifaceted interventions to enhance vaccine acceptance. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; vaccination; resistance; hesitation; online survey; cross-sectional survey COVID-19; pandemic; vaccination; resistance; hesitation; online survey; cross-sectional survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castellano-Tejedor, C.; Torres-Serrano, M.; Cencerrado, A. Unveiling Associations of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance, Hesitancy, and Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Community-Based Adult Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12348. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312348

AMA Style

Castellano-Tejedor C, Torres-Serrano M, Cencerrado A. Unveiling Associations of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance, Hesitancy, and Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Community-Based Adult Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12348. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312348

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castellano-Tejedor, Carmina, María Torres-Serrano, and Andrés Cencerrado. 2021. "Unveiling Associations of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance, Hesitancy, and Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Community-Based Adult Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12348. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312348

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