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Article

The Effects of Group Art Therapy on the Primary Family Caregivers of Hospitalized Patients with Brain Injuries in South Korea

1
RN, Hallym University Chuncheon Scared Heart Hospital, Chuncheon 24252, Korea
2
School of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon 24252, Korea
3
College of Nursing, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul 02844, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raúl Juárez-Vela
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 5000; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18095000
Received: 14 April 2021 / Revised: 2 May 2021 / Accepted: 5 May 2021 / Published: 9 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
This study examined the effects of group art therapy on depression, burden, and self-efficacy in primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. This was a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group and a pre- and post-test design. This study was carried out in one national rehabilitation hospital targeting 41 primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. Group art therapy intervention was carried out three days per week comprising 12 sessions over four consecutive weeks. The experimental group (n = 20) received group art therapy, whereas the control group (n = 21) did not. We used a time difference method to minimize the risk of contaminating the control group by sampling sequentially. For depression, although there was a significant difference after the intervention (t = 3.296, p = 0.004), the mean difference score was not statistically significant between the experimental group and the control group (t = 0.861, p = 0.395). The experimental group showed a significantly greater decrease in burden (t = 2.462, p = 0.020) and significantly greater improvement in self-efficacy (t = −6.270, p < 0.001) than the control group. Group art therapy may be an effective nursing intervention for primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: art therapy; brain injuries; caregivers; depression; self-efficacy art therapy; brain injuries; caregivers; depression; self-efficacy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, N.; Kim, S.-J.; Jeong, G.-H.; Oh, Y.; Jang, H.; Kim, A.-L. The Effects of Group Art Therapy on the Primary Family Caregivers of Hospitalized Patients with Brain Injuries in South Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5000. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18095000

AMA Style

Kim N, Kim S-J, Jeong G-H, Oh Y, Jang H, Kim A-L. The Effects of Group Art Therapy on the Primary Family Caregivers of Hospitalized Patients with Brain Injuries in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):5000. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18095000

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Nayoung, Shin-Jeong Kim, Geum-Hee Jeong, Younjae Oh, Heejung Jang, and Aee-Lee Kim. 2021. "The Effects of Group Art Therapy on the Primary Family Caregivers of Hospitalized Patients with Brain Injuries in South Korea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 5000. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18095000

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