Special Issue "Efficient Biorefinery of Waste Biomass into Valuable Resources and Energy"

A special issue of Fermentation (ISSN 2311-5637). This special issue belongs to the section "Industrial Fermentation".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2022 | Viewed by 1411

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Aijuan Zhou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China
Interests: resource recovery; biomass treatment; fermentation; microbial electrocatalysis; bioenergy production
Dr. Cristiano Varrone
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry and BioScience, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark
Interests: chemistry and bioscience; fermentation technology; biorefinery; plastic biodegradation; waste valorization
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Zhangwei He
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource, Environment and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China
Interests: resource recovery from wastes/wastewater; waste management; biotechnology; anaerobic digestion; biochar

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Over-reliance on fossil fuels and its consequences, which take the form of global warming and air pollution, necessitate the exploration of more sustainable and alternative resources for circular and carbon-neutral development. Biomass-derived fuels and chemicals (e.g., hydrogen, methane, short-chain and long-chain carboxylic acids, and alcohols) are regarded as crucial components in efforts to meet sustainability criteria. The treatment of waste biomass is currently undergoing a paradigm shift from "waste disposal" to the more promising prospect of "energy and resource recovery". Biotechnology treatment is the core technology underlying the biotransformation process that turns carbon-rich biomass into high-value-added fuels and chemicals via pure cultures or defined heterogeneous microbial consortia. Therefore, this Special Issue aims to highlight the findings of original research articles and reviews in this field. Topics of interest for this issue include, but are not limited to: the development of fermentation technologies, electrofermentation, chain elongation, product extraction for the conversion of waste biomass into green chemicals, biofuels, biopolymers, related process optimization, microbial ecological mechanism, and application-related engineering.

Prof. Dr. Aijuan Zhou
Dr. Cristiano Varrone
Dr. Zhangwei He
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Fermentation is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomass
  • waste valorization
  • biorefinery
  • anaerobic treatment
  • hydrogen production
  • biogas production
  • valuable chemicals recovery
  • product extraction
  • novel biotechnology
  • process optimization

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
The Addition of Biochar and Hyper-Thermal Inoculum Can Regulate the Fate of Heavy Metals Resistant Bacterial Communities during the Livestock Manure Composting
Fermentation 2022, 8(5), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation8050207 - 03 May 2022
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Abstract
In the present investigation the effects of biochar and hyper-thermal inoculum on the heavy-metal-resistant bacteria (HMRB) during livestock manure composting were studied. An experiment was performed on composting livestock manure and wheat straw amended with biochar and hyper-thermal inoculum. Physicochemical properties, enzyme activity, [...] Read more.
In the present investigation the effects of biochar and hyper-thermal inoculum on the heavy-metal-resistant bacteria (HMRB) during livestock manure composting were studied. An experiment was performed on composting livestock manure and wheat straw amended with biochar and hyper-thermal inoculum. Physicochemical properties, enzyme activity, heavy metals (HMs), and bacterial activities were monitored, and a comprehensive assessment was analyzed during the composting process. The results showed that the dominant phyla of Proteobacteria, Bacteroidota, Actinobacteriota, and Chloroflexi were enriched, but this was not the case with Firmicutes. The abundance of Galbibacter, Thermobifida, Sphaerobacter, and Actinomadura was significantly different in CT15 and BHCT15. In addition, this study showed that the selected factors are less correlated with HMRB compared with the CT group. Therefore, this study could provide new insights into the effect of biochar and hyper-thermal inoculum amendments on the fate of HMRB under HMs and high temperature stress during livestock manure composting. Full article
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