Special Issue "Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures"

A special issue of Drones (ISSN 2504-446X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2018).

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Vishal Sharma

Guest Editor
Department of Information Security Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, South Korea
Interests: UAVs communications; 5G Networks and Security; Estimation and Prediction Theory; Autonomous and Adaptive Systems; Statistics and Data Analytics
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), or drone communication, are emerging areas of research that can be utilized in military or civilian domains. Drone communication maintains connections between drones and a ground station with an adequate data rate for fortifying real-time transmissions. Infrastructure for UAV communications must ascertain a high throughput, elongated range and enhanced coverage. Drones can be configured to provide services cooperatively and elongate the coverage network by acting as relays in traditional networks. The degree of mobility of a drone depends on the application and its flying configurations. The maneuverability of drones offers incipient opportunities for performance enhancement through dynamic adjustment of its states to best suit the communication environment. Currently, drone evolution is fortifying industries, ranging from agriculture to filmmaking. According to an incipient study by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) press news on the commercial applications of drone technology, the emerging ecumenical market for business accommodations utilizing drones is valued at over $127 billion. At a glance, some aspects of the architectural design of existing drone communications would not be opportune. Drones may move with varying speeds depending on the application, this would cause quandaries of link distortions. Thus, for an efficacious communication, the implementation of an efficient routing protocol is required. However, the next challenge would then be to route the packet from a source to a destination while optimizing the path. There is additionally a desideratum for ways of conserving energy of energy-starved drones for enhancing the lifetime of the network. Control signals for drone operations should not cause latency or overheads while utilizing a shared spectrum. The effective utilization of spectrum leads to high data rates for transmitting content over a drone network. Current solutions accentuation on the perpetual communications between drones and ground control stations, as well as provide a data link for transmitting captured information, such as image and video files.

Drones are playing a consequential role in distributing critical information at the edge of the network and, additionally, auxiliary for deploying Long-Term Evolution (LTE) networks in remote locations. In recent works, many researchers have fixated on the various aspects of drones communications. However, the development of robust, high-capacity communication systems is a crucial challenge. The field of drone communication and networking will grow in the future and drones will become ever-more numerous in our skies. This Special Issue aims to assemble current and state-of-the-art research and future directions for drone communications, as well as their role in subsisting cellular setups. The topics cognate to this Special Issue include, but are not limited to:

  • Coverage analysis of drone communication system
  • Cooperative network formations for single and multi-drone systems
  • Routing protocols for drone networks
  • Cooperative Rendezvous for secure drone to drone communications
  • Indoor-navigation and urban surveillance through drones
  • Network architecture for cloud of drones
  • Ultra-reliable communication for drone networks
  • Experimental results, middleware, architecture, prototypes, simulators and test beds for drone networks
  • Mutual task allocations for drones in urban scenarios
  • Secure communication between the drone and the ground networks
Dr. Vishal Sharma
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Drones is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Drones
  • UAVs
  • UAV-routing
  • Protocols
  • Cooperative Rendezvous
  • Mutual task allocation for drones
  • Drone-Security
  • Drone to Drone networking

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Editorial

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Open AccessEditorial
Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures
Drones 2019, 3(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3010021 - 23 Feb 2019
Cited by 4
Abstract
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-enabled networks and drone communications are emerging areas of research with a key focus on attaining high throughput, elongated range, and enhanced coverage over the existing networks [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures)

Research

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Open AccessArticle
A Hybrid Communication Scheme for Efficient and Low-Cost Deployment of Future Flying Ad-Hoc Network (FANET)
Drones 2019, 3(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3010016 - 11 Feb 2019
Cited by 12
Abstract
In recent years, FANET-related research and development has doubled, due to the increased demands of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in both military and civilian operations. Equipped with more capabilities and unique characteristics, FANET is able to play a vital role in mission-critical applications. [...] Read more.
In recent years, FANET-related research and development has doubled, due to the increased demands of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in both military and civilian operations. Equipped with more capabilities and unique characteristics, FANET is able to play a vital role in mission-critical applications. However, these distinctive features enforce a series of guidelines to be considered for its efficient deployment. Particularly, the use of FANET for on-time data communication services presents demanding challenges in terms of energy efficiency and quality of service (QoS). Proper use of communication architecture and wireless technology will assist to solve these challenges. Therefore, in this paper, we review different communication architectures, including the existing wireless technologies, in order to provide seamless wireless connectivity. Based on the discussions, we conclude that a multi-layer UAV ad-hoc network is the most suitable architecture for networking a group of heterogeneous UAVs, while Bluetooth 5 (802.15.1) is the most favored option because of its low-cost, low power consumption, and longer transmission range for FANET. However, 802.15.1 has the limitation of a lower data rate as compared to Wi-Fi (802.11). Therefore, we propose a hybrid wireless communication scheme so as to utilize the features of the high data transmission rate of 802.11 and the low-power consumption of 802.15.1. The proposed scheme significantly reduces communication cost and improves the network performance in terms of throughput and delay. Further, simulation results using the Optimized Network Engineering Tool (OPNET) further support the effectiveness of our proposed scheme. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures)
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Open AccessArticle
Collaboration of Drone and Internet of Public Safety Things in Smart Cities: An Overview of QoS and Network Performance Optimization
Drones 2019, 3(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3010013 - 27 Jan 2019
Cited by 13
Abstract
This paper studies the network performance of collaboration between the Internet of public safety things (IoPST) and drones. Drones play a vital role in delivering timely and essential wireless communication services for the recovery of services right after a disaster by increasing surge [...] Read more.
This paper studies the network performance of collaboration between the Internet of public safety things (IoPST) and drones. Drones play a vital role in delivering timely and essential wireless communication services for the recovery of services right after a disaster by increasing surge capacity for the purposes of public safety, exploring areas that are difficult to reach, and providing an area of rapid coverage and connectivity. To provide such critical facilities in the case of disasters and for the purposes of public safety, collaboration between drones and IoPST is able to support public safety requirements such as real-time analytics, real-time monitoring, and enhanced decision-making to help smart cities meet their public safety requirements. Therefore, the deployment of drone-based wireless communication can save people and ecosystems by helping public safety organizations face threats and manage crises in an efficient manner. The contribution of this work lies in improving the level of public safety in smart cities through collaborating between smart wearable devices and drone technology. Thus, the collaboration between drones and IoPST devices establishes a public safety network that shows satisfying results in terms of enhancing efficiency and information accuracy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures)
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Open AccessArticle
An Efficient Mobility Model for Improving Transmissions in Multi-UAVs Enabled WSNs
Drones 2018, 2(3), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones2030031 - 01 Sep 2018
Cited by 3
Abstract
Multi-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) enabled Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) provide a wide range of applications, covering civilian and military expeditions along with geographical navigation, control, and reconnaissance. The coordinated networks formed between the UAVs and the WSNs help in enhancing the issues related [...] Read more.
Multi-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) enabled Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) provide a wide range of applications, covering civilian and military expeditions along with geographical navigation, control, and reconnaissance. The coordinated networks formed between the UAVs and the WSNs help in enhancing the issues related to quality as well as coverage. The overall coverage issues result in starvation as an effect of long waiting time for the nodes, while forwarding the traffic. The coverage problem can be resolved by an intelligent choice of UAV way-points. Therefore, a specialized UAV mobility model is required which takes into account the topological structure as well as the importance of strategic locations to fix UAV way-points and decide the data transmission paradigm. To resolve this problem, a novel mobility model is proposed, which takes into account the attraction factor for setting up the way-points for UAV movements. The model is capable of deciding between the locations which result in more coverage, increased throughput with lesser number of UAVs employed, as justified by the simulation results and comparative evaluations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures)
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Open AccessArticle
Dynamic Routing in Flying Ad-Hoc Networks Using Topology-Based Routing Protocols
Drones 2018, 2(3), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones2030027 - 14 Aug 2018
Cited by 10
Abstract
The ever-increasing demand for flexible and portable communications has led to a rapid evolution in networking between unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) often referred to as flying ad-hoc networks (FANETs). However, due to the exclusive characteristics of UAVs such as high mobility, frequent topology [...] Read more.
The ever-increasing demand for flexible and portable communications has led to a rapid evolution in networking between unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) often referred to as flying ad-hoc networks (FANETs). However, due to the exclusive characteristics of UAVs such as high mobility, frequent topology change and 3D space movement, make routing a challenging task in FANETs. Due to these characteristics, designing new routing protocols for FANETs is quite difficult. In the literature study of FANETs, a variety of traditional ad-hoc networking protocols have been suggested and tested for FANETs to establish an efficient and robust communication among the UAVs. In this context, topology-based routing is considered the most significant approach for solving the routing issues in FANETs. Therefore, in this article we specifically focus on topology-based routing protocols with the aim of improving the efficiency of the network in terms of throughput, end-to-end delay, and network load. We present a brief review of the most important topology-based routing protocols in the context of FANETs. We provide them with their working features for exchanging information, along with the pros and cons of each protocol. Moreover, simulation analyses of some of the topology-based routing protocols are also evaluated in terms of end-to-end delay, throughput and network load the using optimized network engineering tools (OPNET) simulator. Furthermore, this work can be used as a source of reference for researchers and network engineers who seek literature that is relevant to routing in FANETs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures)
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Open AccessArticle
A Practical Deployment of a Communication Infrastructure to Support the Employment of Multiple Surveillance Drones Systems
Drones 2018, 2(3), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones2030026 - 13 Aug 2018
Cited by 3
Abstract
In many incidents involving amateur drones (ADr), the big challenge is to quickly deploy a surveillance system that countermeasures the threat and keeps track of the intruders. Depending on the area under concern, launching a single surveillance drone (SDr) to hunt the intruder [...] Read more.
In many incidents involving amateur drones (ADr), the big challenge is to quickly deploy a surveillance system that countermeasures the threat and keeps track of the intruders. Depending on the area under concern, launching a single surveillance drone (SDr) to hunt the intruder is not efficient, but employing multiple ones can cope with the problem. However, in order to make this approach feasible, an easy to use mission setup and control station for multiple SDr is required, which by its turn, requires a communication infrastructure able to handle the connection of multiple SDr among themselves and their ground control and payload visualization station. Concerning this Issue, this paper presents a proposal of a network infrastructure to support the operation of multiple SDr and its practical deployment. This infrastructure extends the existing Micro Air Vehicle Link (MAVLink) protocol to support multiple connections among the SDrs and between them and a ground control station. Encouraging results are obtained, showing the viability of this proposed protocol extension. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Drone Communications, State-of-the-Art and Architectures)
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