Special Issue "The Pathogenesis of Neurological Disorders"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2021).
Interests: Alzheimer’s disease; Parkinson’s disease; stroke; DNA damage; neuroinflammation; oxidative stress and antioxidants; regulation of motor function; gut microbiota in neurological diseases; long noncoding RNAs and CNS in regulation of muscle weakness
Neurological disorders are the leading cause of disability and second major cause of death worldwide. Currently, there are no therapeutic interventions that prevent or slow the progression of neurological disorders. The onset of neurological diseases mainly occurs in mid- to late life, so the prevalence is expected to increase as the population ages. Knowledge of the precise molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration remains incomplete, and these gaps in our knowledge of fundamental neurobiology are a major barrier to therapeutic discovery. Thus, there is an unmet need to develop new and more effective therapeutic strategies that provide a higher quality of life for individuals affected with neurological disorders, which will only be achieved with a better understanding of the disease mechanisms.
During the past several decades, a growing body of research on several aspects has increased our understanding of neurological disorders. The aggregation and deposition of specific proteins is hypothesized to underlie several neurological disorders. However, the mechanistic connection between the process of protein aggregation and neuronal loss is not yet fully understood. Our knowledge of the role of oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and neuro-immune interactions in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders has increased over the past several decades, but therapeutic and diagnostic interventions using this knowledge have not been widely implemented. For decades, the pathogenesis of neurlogical disorders has mostly been studied in the context of the brain; however, the contribution of peripheral influences in the development and function is largely unexplored. Alteration in gut microbiome composition, often referred to as gut dysbiosis, has recently been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of several neurological disorders. Similarly, alterations in the expressions of noncoding, RNAs especially microRNAs, have been extensively studied in neurological disorder; however, the functional role of lncRNAs in neurological disorders is still not understood well.
This Special Issue shall highlight the global research efforts aimed at exploring causes, identifying disease biomarkers, and strategies/therapies that can attenuate disease symptoms and reduce the social and economic impact of neurological disorders. For this Special Issue, we invite articles from researchers addressing their findings on novel mechanisms involving neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, gut–brain interaction, and lncRNAs in neurological disorders. Additionally, we hope to attract studies aimed at discovering disease biomarkers for early diagnosis and novel therapeutic approaches or strategies to prevent or strop the progression of neurological disorders.
Dr. Mohammad Moshahid Khan
Manuscript Submission Information
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- oxidative stress
- brain damage
- gut–brain axis