Special Issue "Selected Papers from MMSE 2021"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Mechanical Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 December 2021).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Pasquale Arpaia
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica e Tecnologie dell’Informazione, Università di Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio, 21, 80125 Napoli NA, Italy
2. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1211 Meyrin, Switzerland
Interests: instrumentation and measurement for magnets; advanced materials; beam; superconductors; power converters; cryogenics of particle accelerators; biomedical instrumentation; augmented reality; brain–computer interfaces; evolutionary diagnostics; distributed measurement systems; analog-to-digital converter (ADC) modeling and testing
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Emin Bayraktar
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Group Lsae, Quartz Research Laboratory, Supmeca-Paris, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, 93400 St Ouen, France
Interests: mechanical properties; finite element analysis; mechanical behavior of materials; mechanical engineering; fracture mechanics; materials engineering; composites; fracture; finite element method; welding; composite material; damage mechanics; aeronautical engineering
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Qiang Xu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Computing and Engineering, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK
Interests: creep damage mechanics characterization of creep deformation and damage process; the development and application of advanced computational techniques including; weldment creep life modeling and optimization; manufacturing process simulation and optimization; elastic-plasticity analysis for design and manufacturing process; material failure characterization/analysis/prevention; design analysis and performance enhancement; consultancy for local industry
Prof. Dr. Marco Giorgetti
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Industrial Chemistry, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Interests: innovative electrode materials; electrode material for sensors; characterization of materials and electrodes by core level spectroscopies; metal hexacyanoferrates; electrodes for energy; cathode materials for advanced batteries
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In light of the vibrant research into mechanical and material engineering in most countries, the MMSE 2021 organizing committee in consultation with the co-organizers remains committed to work that focuses on mechanical, advanced manufacturing technology, robotics, and material engineering in the context of industrial applications and the myriad of ways they affect our daily lives.

The MMSE2021 is an immense opportunity for world-class personalities, young scholars, scientific delegates, and young scientists to utilize the expertise and novelties in this new era of innovation for the field. It also provides a special channel to have open discussions, knowledge sharing, and interactive sessions with field experts.

This Special Issue will demonstrate the latest research trends in engineering, including applications, advanced technologies, and processes. It covers several fields of mechanical engineering and their technological applications such as fluid mechanics, manufacture, design, robotics and autonomous systems, micro-and nano-mechanical systems, transmissions, machines and vehicles, and dynamics. It also includes different fields of material engineering such as advanced materials, materials science and engineering, materials processing and forming, surfaces, interfaces, and lubrication, among other related topics.

We invite you and your colleagues to submit a contribution in the form of an original scientific report, research article, communication, or review article for this Special Issue. We encourage the submission to the thank presenters and speakers in advance for your attendance at this conference and look forward to a stimulating exchange.

Should you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact Dr. Cathy Xu, (email: [email protected]).

For any questions regarding the journal, you may also get assistance from the editorial office (Assistant to the Editor Ms. Marin Ma, email: [email protected])

Looking forward to hearing from you.

The 7th International Conference on Machinery, Material Science and Engineering Application (MMSE 2021) will take place from 4–6 June 2021, in Hangzhou, China.

Prof. Dr. Seeram Ramakrishna
Prof. Dr. Pasquale Arpaia
Prof. Dr. Emin Bayraktar
Dr. Qiang Xu
Prof. Dr. Marco Giorgetti
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Fluid mechanics
  • manufacture
  • design
  • robotics and autonomous systems
  • micro-and nano-mechanical systems
  • transmissions
  • machines and vehicles
  • dynamics
  • advanced materials
  • materials Science and engineering
  • materials processing and forming
  • surfaces
  • interfaces and lubrication

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

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Article
Research on Key Factors of Sealing Performance of Combined Sealing Ring
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(2), 714; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12020714 - 12 Jan 2022
Viewed by 51
Abstract
In this study, the mechanical properties of a combined seal ring under different loads were numerically calculated using ANSYS. The effect of the working pressure and pre-compression ratio of a rubber O-ring on the contact stress of the combined seal ring was studied. [...] Read more.
In this study, the mechanical properties of a combined seal ring under different loads were numerically calculated using ANSYS. The effect of the working pressure and pre-compression ratio of a rubber O-ring on the contact stress of the combined seal ring was studied. The influence of the wear ring’s chamfer, thickness, and width on the contact stress and contact force of the combined seal ring was analyzed. Studies have shown that it is particularly important to select a compression ratio that is suitable for the working conditions. Under the same conditions of working pressure and compression ratio, upon increasing the wear ring chamfer, the contact pressure is decreased due to the decreasing contact bandwidth between the wear ring and the cylinder wall. This has little effect on the contact stress of the combined seal ring as well as the contact force, while the width of the wear ring is proportional to the latter. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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Article
Influence of Piping on On-Line Continuous Weighing of Materials inside Process Equipment: Theoretical Analysis and Experimental Verification
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(11), 5246; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11115246 - 04 Jun 2021
Viewed by 510
Abstract
Due to the continuity and complexity of chemical systems, piping and operating conditions will have a significant effect on the on-line continuous weighing of materials inside process equipment. In this paper, a mathematical model of the weighing system considering piping and operating conditions [...] Read more.
Due to the continuity and complexity of chemical systems, piping and operating conditions will have a significant effect on the on-line continuous weighing of materials inside process equipment. In this paper, a mathematical model of the weighing system considering piping and operating conditions was established based on the gas–liquid continuous heat transfer weighing process. A theoretical criterion which can be extended to any continuous weighing system of the materials inside equipment with connected piping is obtained through the mechanical derivation between the material mass, the cantilever beam deflection, the strain gage deformation, and the bridge output voltage. This criterion can effectively predict the influence of piping on weighing results with specific accuracy, and provide a basis for engineering optimization design. On this basis, a set of gas–liquid continuous contact weighing devices was built. The static/dynamic experimental results showed that the accuracy of the system meets the set requirements. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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Article
Analytical Solutions of Model Problems for Large-Deformation Micromorphic Approach to Gradient Plasticity
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(5), 2361; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11052361 - 07 Mar 2021
Viewed by 463
Abstract
The objective of this work is to present analytical solutions for several 2D model problems to demonstrate the unique plastic fields generated by the implementation of micromorphic approach for gradient plasticity. The approach is presented for finite deformations and several macroscopic and nonstandard [...] Read more.
The objective of this work is to present analytical solutions for several 2D model problems to demonstrate the unique plastic fields generated by the implementation of micromorphic approach for gradient plasticity. The approach is presented for finite deformations and several macroscopic and nonstandard microscopic boundary conditions are applied to a gliding plate to illustrate the capability to predict the size effects and inhomogeneous plastic fields promoted by the gradient terms. The constitutive behavior of the material undergoing plastic deformation is analyzed for softening, hardening and perfect plastic response and corresponding solutions are provided. The analytical solutions are also shown to match with the numerical results obtained by implementing a user element subroutine (UEL) to the commercial finite element software Abaqus/Standard. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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Article
Numerical and Experimental Studies of the Attenuation Characteristics of Friction Torque in a Wet Multidisc Clutch
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(2), 814; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020814 - 16 Jan 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 591
Abstract
A numerical model is proposed to calculate both the contact pressure and the friction torque (FT) of the friction components considering the spline friction in a wet multidisc clutch, which is verified by the bench test. The results indicate that the spline friction [...] Read more.
A numerical model is proposed to calculate both the contact pressure and the friction torque (FT) of the friction components considering the spline friction in a wet multidisc clutch, which is verified by the bench test. The results indicate that the spline friction of components is an important factor causing the axial attenuation of contact pressure on friction pairs. As the applied pressure increases, the attenuation amplitude of contact pressure increases gradually. In addition, the average single-pair FT decreases with the increasing number of friction pairs, thus leading to the decrease of the growth rate of total FT. Therefore, when the number of friction pairs reaches a certain number, it is not reliable to obtain a good torque enhancement, indicating that the effect of spline friction needs to be weakened to reduce the attenuation of contact pressure. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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Article
Condition Monitoring System and Faults Detection for Impedance Bonds from Railway Infrastructure
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(18), 6167; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10186167 - 04 Sep 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 986
Abstract
Nowadays, sensors and condition monitoring systems are expanding rapidly and becoming cheaper. This contributes to increasing developments in condition monitoring in railway transport infrastructure. A condition monitoring system that uses an online device and sensors to acquire electrical parameters from railway infrastructure has [...] Read more.
Nowadays, sensors and condition monitoring systems are expanding rapidly and becoming cheaper. This contributes to increasing developments in condition monitoring in railway transport infrastructure. A condition monitoring system that uses an online device and sensors to acquire electrical parameters from railway infrastructure has been developed and applied for fault detection and diagnosis of impedance bonds. The impedance bond condition is monitored in real-time using current and temperature sensors, providing early warning if predefined thresholds are exceeded in terms of currents, imbalance currents, and temperatures. The proposed method and the developed monitoring device have been validated in the railway laboratory to confirm its capability to detect defects. The acquired parameters from impedance bonds are used to extract thermal stresses and technical conditions of this equipment. Experimental results and appropriate data analysis are included in the article. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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Review

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Review
Collagen Nanoparticles in Drug Delivery Systems and Tissue Engineering
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(23), 11369; https://doi.org/10.3390/app112311369 - 01 Dec 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 404
Abstract
The versatile natural polymer, collagen, has gained vast attention in biomedicine. Due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability, weak antigenicity, biomimetics and well-known safety profile, it is widely used as a drug, protein and gene carrier, and as a scaffold matrix in tissue engineering. Nanoparticles [...] Read more.
The versatile natural polymer, collagen, has gained vast attention in biomedicine. Due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability, weak antigenicity, biomimetics and well-known safety profile, it is widely used as a drug, protein and gene carrier, and as a scaffold matrix in tissue engineering. Nanoparticles develop favorable chemical and physical properties such as increased drug half-life, improved hydrophobic drug solubility and controlled and targeted drug release. Their reduced toxicity, controllable characteristics of scaffolds and stimuli-responsive behavior make them suitable in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Collagen associates and absorbs nanoparticles leading to significant impacts on their biological functioning in any biofluid. This review will discuss collagen nanoparticle preparation methods and their applications and developments in drug delivery systems and tissue engineering. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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Review
Applications of Magnesium and Its Alloys: A Review
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(15), 6861; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11156861 - 26 Jul 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1041
Abstract
Magnesium is a promising material. It has a remarkable mix of mechanical and biomedical properties that has made it suitable for a vast range of applications. Moreover, with alloying, many of these inherent properties can be further improved. Today, it is primarily used [...] Read more.
Magnesium is a promising material. It has a remarkable mix of mechanical and biomedical properties that has made it suitable for a vast range of applications. Moreover, with alloying, many of these inherent properties can be further improved. Today, it is primarily used in the automotive, aerospace, and medical industries. However, magnesium has its own set of drawbacks that the industry and research communities are actively addressing. Magnesium’s rapid corrosion is its most significant drawback, and it dramatically impeded magnesium’s growth and expansion into other applications. This article reviews both the engineering and biomedical aspects and applications for magnesium and its alloys. It will also elaborate on the challenges that the material faces and how they can be overcome and discuss its outlook. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from MMSE 2021)
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