Special Issue "Soil Enzymatic Activity and Physicochemical Properties in Agriculture System"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Soils".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 October 2022 | Viewed by 1253

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Barbara Futa
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Soil Science and Environment Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczyńskiego St. 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
Interests: soil enzymes activity; soil biochemistry; changes in soils; soil fertility; environmental protection; ecotoxicological evaluation of soils; environmental impact assessment; sustainable agriculture

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In our globalized world, a balance between economic growth, care for the environment and quality of life is extremely important. The food security, the promotion of sustainable agriculture, and the protection of biodiversity are contained in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda. Therefore, new ways are constantly being sought to increase crop productivity while making responsible use of environmental capital, including soils.

We all agree that soil is a very important component of agro-systems. The tillage system, mineral fertilisation and appropriate choice of plants in crop rotation condition the formation of biochemical and physicochemical properties of soil, which consequently affect its quality and fertility as well as agro-ecosystem productivity. Agricultural management shapes the properties of soils, and soil microorganisms and enzymes both mediate and respond to these changes. 

The aim of this issue is to highlight the importance of soil enzymatic activity and physicochemical properties in agriculture system. Manuscripts dealing with the effects of plant rotation or intercropping, conservation tillage/non-tillage, method of fertilizer application, reduced use of chemical fertilizer and pesticides, beneficial microorganisms, and organic agriculture on properties of soil will be welcomed.

Prof. Dr. Barbara Futa
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • agroecosystem
  • soil enzymes activity
  • soil physicochemical properties
  • soil fertility
  • tillage system

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Changes in Soil Quality through Conservation Agriculture in North-Eastern Italy
Agriculture 2022, 12(7), 1007; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12071007 - 12 Jul 2022
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Abstract
Conservation Agriculture includes practices focused on the conservation and the restoration of main soil features, such as organic carbon content, structure, and biological diversity and activity. Our study was conducted in three farms in North-Eastern Italy in pairs of closely located fields to [...] Read more.
Conservation Agriculture includes practices focused on the conservation and the restoration of main soil features, such as organic carbon content, structure, and biological diversity and activity. Our study was conducted in three farms in North-Eastern Italy in pairs of closely located fields to compare conservation agriculture (no tillage, cover cropping) with conventional agriculture. Differences in terms of soil enzymatic activity, such as FDA and β-glucosidase through spectrophotometric analyses, microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen contents, total organic carbon, and nitrogen contents with CNS Elemental Analyzer and soil arthropod community via the QBS-ar index were investigated. Enzymatic activities resulted to be readily and positively affected by conservation agriculture whereas total and microbial carbon, nitrogen contents, and microarthropod community seemed to be more dependent on the time factor. The responses to conservation agriculture differed between the three farms, pointing out that differences in soil features may drive the effectiveness of conservation management. N stock, maybe dependent on previous soil management, might be the key characteristic able to influence soil evolution in the studied conditions. The present results could be helpful to predict soil reaction to sustainable agriculture in short periods. Full article
Article
Residual Effects of Different Cropping Systems on Physicochemical Properties and the Activity of Phosphatases of Soil
Agriculture 2022, 12(5), 693; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12050693 - 13 May 2022
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Abstract
Soil plays a key role in sustainable land management and food production. The objective of the field experiment was to evaluate the subsequent effect of 10-year winter wheat and sugar beet cultivation under conventional and organic systems on selected physicochemical and biochemical properties [...] Read more.
Soil plays a key role in sustainable land management and food production. The objective of the field experiment was to evaluate the subsequent effect of 10-year winter wheat and sugar beet cultivation under conventional and organic systems on selected physicochemical and biochemical properties and enzymatic pH index of lessive soil developed from loess under climatic conditions of Southeastern Poland. The experiment was set up by using the split-plot design, with three replications, on plots of 30 m2. In order to evaluate the soil value of sites cultivated in 2010–2019 in two systems—conventional agriculture and organic agriculture—spring wheat was sown as a test crop in 2020. Fertilization and pesticide applications (herbicides, fungicides and insecticides) were foregone in the cultivation of this crop due to the desire to capture the subsequent impact of 2010–2019. This resulted in soil properties shaped solely by the previous 10 years of cultivation. The obtained results indicate that the organic farming system contributed to the improvement of soil pHKCl compared to the conventional system, with statistically significant differences recorded only for winter wheat cultivation. Compared to the conventional system, in the organic farming system, improvements were recorded in the chemical indicators of loess soil quality (TOC, TN and TOC/TN) and P content, as well as acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase activities. However, statistically significant differences were found only for winter wheat cultivation. Research on the impact of an organic system of growing different species in rotation should be continued, and the results should be implemented. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Futa B. Myszura M., Wesołowska S. After-effect influence of different cultivation systems on enzymatic pH index and biochemical properties of soil.
 
Wesołowska S., Myszura M., Futa B., Kobyłka A. Assessment of the after-effects of conventional and ecological cultivation systems on soil enzymatic activity and chemical properties.
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