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Environ. Sci. Proc., 2021, ArcheoFOSS 2019

ArcheoFOSS XIII Workshop—Open Software, Hardware, Processes, Data and Formats in Archaeological Research

Padova, Italy | 20–22 February 2019

Volume Editors: Sara Gonizzi Barsanti, Saverio Giulio Malatesta and Augusto Palombini

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Cover Story (view full-size image): The meaning “open approach” in archaeology today probably implies a lot of different, disconnected, and even contrasting activities. The 2019 congress proceedings respect and emphasize such [...] Read more.
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Editorial
Preface: Proceedings of ArcheoFOSS XIII Workshop—Open Software, Hardware, Processes, Data and Formats in Archaeological Research
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010005 - 13 Oct 2021
Viewed by 370
Abstract
The meaning of an “open” approach in archaeology today probably implies many different, disconnected and even contrasting activities [...] Full article

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Proceeding Paper
A Python Script for Geometric Interval Classification in QGIS: A Useful Tool for Archaeologists
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010001 - 11 Oct 2021
Viewed by 306
Abstract
Graduated colour maps, created through the mathematical classification of quantitative variables, are frequently used in archaeology. A Python script for implementing a classification method based on geometric intervals in QGIS is presented here. This method is more suitable than the standard methods in [...] Read more.
Graduated colour maps, created through the mathematical classification of quantitative variables, are frequently used in archaeology. A Python script for implementing a classification method based on geometric intervals in QGIS is presented here. This method is more suitable than the standard methods in case the quantitative attribute to be classified follows a right-skewed distribution, which is common among archaeological data. After an overview of the main classification methods, this paper focuses on the benefits of the geometric interval subdivision scheme, describes the technical features of the script and demonstrates how it works. A final thought on the advantages of using FLOSS is proposed. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
Geomorphological Analysis in an Open-Source GIS for a Context of Peri-Urban Archaeology: The Medieval Settlement of San Lorenzo in Carmignano (Foggia, Italy)
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010002 - 11 Oct 2021
Viewed by 295
Abstract
The archaeological investigations conducted at the medieval site of San Lorenzo in Carmignano, just outside the city of Foggia, Italy, fall within a broader context of archaeological research on earthworks in the Middle Ages, in the area of the Tavoliere plain. The settlement [...] Read more.
The archaeological investigations conducted at the medieval site of San Lorenzo in Carmignano, just outside the city of Foggia, Italy, fall within a broader context of archaeological research on earthworks in the Middle Ages, in the area of the Tavoliere plain. The settlement is attested as a casale since 1092, in 1166 it was classified as a castrum, until the Late Medieval abandonment. Evident traces of ditches and embankments, over an area of over 25 ha, were already visible in the aerial photos, taken during the Second World War by British military aircrafts and analysed by J. Bradford. Since 2005, stratigraphic excavations have been undertaken by the Department of Humanities of the University of Foggia and, more recently, it has been possible to obtain satellite images and high-resolution digital models of the land from satellite data, orienting research on the analysis of micro-relief, aimed at finding the traces relating to the earth fortifications still perceptible on the site. The integration between the data obtained from modern satellite images and those returned by the pioneering archaeological aerial photography of the 40 s of the last century allowed to shed new light on a relevant settlement in the context of the landscape and medieval population of northern Puglia. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
P.A.S.T. in Coast Project: A Tool for the Research and Enhancement of Prehistoric Archaeology on the Amalfi Coast
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010003 - 13 Oct 2021
Viewed by 268
Abstract
The archaeological complex of the Amalfi Coast represents a sector of great development capacity within an area defined as a UNESCO World Heritage site on the basis of the typical stratified cultural landscape. The project presented in this report acts in a specific [...] Read more.
The archaeological complex of the Amalfi Coast represents a sector of great development capacity within an area defined as a UNESCO World Heritage site on the basis of the typical stratified cultural landscape. The project presented in this report acts in a specific field of archaeology, prehistoric and protohistoric, of which there are many examples in the Amalfi Coast, even if they are not always clearly legible, and focuses on the analysis of old data, on the acquisition of new information and on their processing through an open-source GIS database. The project seeks results on two different levels: the purely scientific and the more sociocultural. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
MUSE360: Integrated System of Analysis and Museum Planning
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010004 - 15 Oct 2021
Viewed by 242
Abstract
MUSE360 intends to offer a powerful open tool for the overall analysis of cultural reality, involving actors and receptors of the cultural message, capable of providing a valid indicator of the state of the museum art, of bringing students—future professionals in the sector—closer [...] Read more.
MUSE360 intends to offer a powerful open tool for the overall analysis of cultural reality, involving actors and receptors of the cultural message, capable of providing a valid indicator of the state of the museum art, of bringing students—future professionals in the sector—closer together, solving many problems in cultural heritage management, assisting in the timely and satisfactory design and implementation of solutions linked to the cultural needs of a complex and diversified user, as well as bringing out new ideas and possibilities for the sustainability of the cultural heritage. Full article
Proceeding Paper
From Qgis to Qfield and Vice Versa: How the New Android Application Is Facilitating the Work of the Archaeologist in the Field
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010006 - 23 Oct 2021
Viewed by 438
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to highlight the main benefits of using the Qfield app in archaeological jobs. In particular this article provides examples to use Qfield in open area excavation, Archaeological survey and impact assessment (HIA) projects. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
SH.AR.P.P. (SHared ARchaeological Platform for Prehistory): Building an Informative System for Italian Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sites
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010007 - 23 Oct 2021
Viewed by 261
Abstract
Italy’s prehistoric and protohistoric heritage is subjected to more threats than any other for reasons that go beyond its antiquity: if it is true that the record is often less imposing in its traces, this cannot justify the widespread general ignorance surrounding it. [...] Read more.
Italy’s prehistoric and protohistoric heritage is subjected to more threats than any other for reasons that go beyond its antiquity: if it is true that the record is often less imposing in its traces, this cannot justify the widespread general ignorance surrounding it. Such ignorance is mirrored and amplified by the lack of systematic recording of all kinds of evidence regarding this timeframe. Even though there is more than one platform available for such recording, its use is rarely considered accessible, and their features appear to be more oriented towards cataloguing rather than research or trying to capture the attention of a non-specialized audience. In this article, we pinpoint what seems to be missing and propose a model that can deal with the challenge. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
ArcheoBot Experimental Tools for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010008 - 29 Oct 2021
Viewed by 366
Abstract
ArcheoBot is a prototype of a Telegram Bot: it is an experimental prototype that builds on the common digital experiences of the authors of this article, aiming to offer a quick, powerful, easy to use tool. It aims to serve archaeological and topographical [...] Read more.
ArcheoBot is a prototype of a Telegram Bot: it is an experimental prototype that builds on the common digital experiences of the authors of this article, aiming to offer a quick, powerful, easy to use tool. It aims to serve archaeological and topographical investigations quickly and to interface with other software for the management of collected data. Full article
Proceeding Paper
OpenSource Geotechnologies for the Enhancement of Tourism and the Territory
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010009 - 02 Nov 2021
Viewed by 235
Abstract
The systems integrated in GIS environment have become part of territory management and revolutionised georeferenced data processing as one of the measures that technologically help disseminate knowledge about cultural heritage and protect it. This is the context in which the experimental project for [...] Read more.
The systems integrated in GIS environment have become part of territory management and revolutionised georeferenced data processing as one of the measures that technologically help disseminate knowledge about cultural heritage and protect it. This is the context in which the experimental project for Parco Nazionale Circeo—PNC (Sabaudia-LT) was set up. The project is aimed at a new form of disseminating cultural information and enhancing the territory for an innovative tourism strategy. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
Open Cultural Data and MediaWiki Software for a Museum: The Use Case of Musée Saint-Raymond (Toulouse, France)
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010010 - 10 Nov 2021
Viewed by 348
Abstract
Freely accessible online databases developed by cultural and artistic institutions (e.g., museums, libraries, universities, studios, etc.) enable the transnational dissemination of catalogues of cultural and creative works, exploiting the advantages of modern technologies. Intelligent tools, which use advanced algorithms to classify and contextualize [...] Read more.
Freely accessible online databases developed by cultural and artistic institutions (e.g., museums, libraries, universities, studios, etc.) enable the transnational dissemination of catalogues of cultural and creative works, exploiting the advantages of modern technologies. Intelligent tools, which use advanced algorithms to classify and contextualize data, can foster knowledge mainly in two ways: (1) providing a stable and accessible basis for large amounts of data; (2) promoting cultural heritage. A case of skillful use of such tools is the Saint-Raymond Museum, the archaeological museum of Toulouse. For several years it has been working on the open data front and on putting its catalogue online on Wikimedia platforms, in various forms. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
QGIS and Epigraphy: In Situ and Extra Situm Inscriptions
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010011 - 12 Nov 2021
Viewed by 186
Abstract
The use of georeferenced relational databases for the localisation of epigraphic findings is widely attested with important examples. However, in order to propose an increasingly accurate representation of information related to inscriptions, some methodological issues need to be highlighted and, if possible, solved. [...] Read more.
The use of georeferenced relational databases for the localisation of epigraphic findings is widely attested with important examples. However, in order to propose an increasingly accurate representation of information related to inscriptions, some methodological issues need to be highlighted and, if possible, solved. This paper will address the problem of the place of discovery of the inscription, which could be in situ or extra situm. Full article
Proceeding Paper
Participatory Models in Archaeology: Wiki and Open Access Platforms
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010012 - 16 Nov 2021
Viewed by 200
Abstract
The paper proposed herein presents three events organized in 2018 and tries to find a common thread through these experiences. Two of these events were organized thanks to the collaboration between Trentino Alto Adige Wiki and Arc-Team, while the third was conceived and [...] Read more.
The paper proposed herein presents three events organized in 2018 and tries to find a common thread through these experiences. Two of these events were organized thanks to the collaboration between Trentino Alto Adige Wiki and Arc-Team, while the third was conceived and organized by Open History Map, an association based in Bologna. The three events deal with very different topics but have in common the close collaboration between the public, Wikimedia volunteers and researchers. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
On the Developments of the Iconographic File Authority: New Research Perspectives
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010013 - 15 Nov 2021
Viewed by 263
Abstract
The systems integrated in a GIS environment have become part of territory management and revolutionised georeferenced data processing as one of the measures that technologically help disseminate knowledge about cultural heritage and protect it. This is the context in which the experimental project [...] Read more.
The systems integrated in a GIS environment have become part of territory management and revolutionised georeferenced data processing as one of the measures that technologically help disseminate knowledge about cultural heritage and protect it. This is the context in which the experimental project for Parco Nazionale Circeo—PNC (Sabaudia-LT) was set up. The project is aimed at a new form of disseminating cultural information and enhancing the territory for an innovative tourism strategy. Full article
Proceeding Paper
The Information System of Pompeii Sustainable Preservation Project. A Tool for the Collection, Management and Sharing of Knowledge Useful for Conservation and Renovation of Archaeological Monuments
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010014 - 16 Nov 2021
Viewed by 222
Abstract
Pompeii represents a unique archaeological site in the world for the knowledge potential that it preserves, coinciding with an entire city of the ancient world—a fragile urban organism whose conservation represents an enormous challenge. The Pompeii Sustainable Preservation Project (PSPP) is an international [...] Read more.
Pompeii represents a unique archaeological site in the world for the knowledge potential that it preserves, coinciding with an entire city of the ancient world—a fragile urban organism whose conservation represents an enormous challenge. The Pompeii Sustainable Preservation Project (PSPP) is an international and multidisciplinary research project whose purpose is to provide a concrete contribution to the conservation of the funerary monuments in the necropolis of Porta Nocera. The information system of the PSPP, using the most modern technologies in the field of spatial data management, aims to provide a tool for the management and sharing of knowledge useful for future conservation activities of archaeological monuments. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
Archeofinds. A Geodatabase for the Archiving, Management, and Analysis of Ancient World Artifacts
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010015 - 18 Nov 2021
Viewed by 184
Abstract
The reconstruction of ancient civilizations requires the analysis of the material manifestations that have come down to us. This complex process involves the collection, comparison, and joint analysis of multiple types of data that can benefit from the availability, accessibility, and implementation through [...] Read more.
The reconstruction of ancient civilizations requires the analysis of the material manifestations that have come down to us. This complex process involves the collection, comparison, and joint analysis of multiple types of data that can benefit from the availability, accessibility, and implementation through the collective contribution of digital datasets structured and homologated, according to shared standards. Archeofinds is a geodatabase specifically designed to provide support for the processes of information generation and sharing, produced through the collection, management, and contextualized analysis of multiple types of data, relating to multiple classes of ancient world artifacts. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
Real-Time 3D and Archaeology: A Status Report
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010016 - 11 Nov 2021
Viewed by 150
Abstract
This article summarizes the experience of Arc-Team in working with real-time 3D open software and hardware. This overview describes the research, experiments and professional use of this technology in the field of archaeology. The first part of the article focuses on the FLOSS [...] Read more.
This article summarizes the experience of Arc-Team in working with real-time 3D open software and hardware. This overview describes the research, experiments and professional use of this technology in the field of archaeology. The first part of the article focuses on the FLOSS RGBDemo, describing the software, some preliminary tests and some examples of its professional use in order to underline its limitations and potentialities. The second part of the paper faces the more complex topic of SLAM, considering its connection with archaeorobotics, its versatility and its application for professional purposes, again, analysing advantages and disadvantages. Full article
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Proceeding Paper
The Photogrammetric Survey of the Phoenician and Punic Necropolis of Nora and Three-Dimensional Rendering Tools for Sharing Data
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010017 - 02 Dec 2021
Viewed by 328
Abstract
The hypogea of the Punic necropolis of Nora represented a testing ground for the use of photogrammetry as an archaeological survey tool in a highly critical context, both from the point of view of the survey itself and from the point of view [...] Read more.
The hypogea of the Punic necropolis of Nora represented a testing ground for the use of photogrammetry as an archaeological survey tool in a highly critical context, both from the point of view of the survey itself and from the point of view of the understanding and dissemination of the underground evidence. The study describes the acquisition techniques and the tools used to share the 3D models, both among the research team and with external users, with a specific focus on web-based tools (Potree). Full article
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Proceeding Paper
Analysis and Validation of the 3D Reconstructive Process through the Extended Matrix Framework of the Temple of the Roman Forum of Nora (Sardinia, CA)
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 10(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2021010018 - 07 Dec 2021
Viewed by 406
Abstract
In this work, we will describe the application of the Extended Matrix Framework (EMF) to the 3D reconstruction of the temple on the Roman forum of Nora. EMF represents a specific section of the Extended Matrix (EM) method, developed by the VHLab of [...] Read more.
In this work, we will describe the application of the Extended Matrix Framework (EMF) to the 3D reconstruction of the temple on the Roman forum of Nora. EMF represents a specific section of the Extended Matrix (EM) method, developed by the VHLab of the CNR ISPC (Rome), dedicated to the development of software solutions for 3D data management in the field of virtual reconstruction. The combination of EM and EMF allows to: map the reconstructive process, validate the entire workflow (from data ingestion to 3D modelling), manage 3D data, and share outcomes online. Full article
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