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Proceedings, 2019, NSNZ 2018

2018 Annual Meeting of the Nutrition Society of New Zealand

Auckland, New Zealand | 28–30 November 2018

Volume Editors: Rachel Brown, Sally Mackay and Helen Eyles


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Cover Story (view full-size image) The annual conference and scientific meeting of the Nutrition Society of New Zealand took place in [...] Read more.
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Open AccessAbstract
Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Related to Dietary Salt Intake among New Zealand Adults
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008002 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 481
Abstract
Background: Sodium reduction programmes are ideally multifaceted, combining food industry interventions with consumer education and awareness-raising campaigns [...]
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Open AccessAbstract
Is Sleep the Answer to Child Obesity
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008003 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 463
Abstract
Although diet and physical activity have long been the cornerstone of obesity research, immense challenges in changing these behaviours long-term necessitate finding new approaches to combating obesity in children [...]
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Open AccessAbstract
The Effects of Promotional Content on the Nutritional Quality of Children’s Breakfast Cereals From Australia, New Zealand, The United Kingdom, Canada and The United States
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008004 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 550
Abstract
Background: Breakfast is considered to be an essential meal for children, offering valuable nutrition for growing bodies [...]
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Open AccessAbstract
The Use of Technology in Nutrition Research
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008005 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 373
Abstract
Good nutrition is essential for health, equity and prosperity. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Nutrition Curriculum for Health Professionals: How Can We Spread the Word
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008006 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 437
Abstract
There is an urgency to address diet [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
An Evaluation of Weight Loss Challenges in the Workplace
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008007 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 380
Abstract
Background: An evaluation [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
The Use of Complementary and Alternative Healthcare for Minor Illness
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008008 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 418
Abstract
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the term used to describe
healthcare with approaches outside of the scope of Western biomedicine. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
What Motivates and Deters Nut Consumption among the General Public in New Zealand
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008009 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 450
Abstract
Background: Despite the well-documented health benefits of nuts, consumption at the population level remains low. Understanding motivators of and deterrents to consuming nuts among the general public may inform the development of initiatives to improve levels of consumption [...]
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Open AccessAbstract
Exogenous Carbohydrate as an Ergogenic Aid: Recent Advances in Dose and Form and Format
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008010 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 374
Abstract
Performance nutrition is as wide and complex topic as the number and diversity of sports available for human endeavor [...]
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Open AccessAbstract
Animal Model of Antibiotic Induced Gut Microbiota Dysbiosis
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008011 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 448
Abstract
Background: The gut harbors a diverse ecosystem consisting predominantly of bacteria [...]
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Open AccessAbstract
Health Text Messaging Intervention to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Intake
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008012 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 378
Abstract
Background: Fruit and vegetables are an important [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Ginsenosides Analysis for New Zealand Wild Grown Panax Ginseng
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008013 - 05 Mar 2019
Viewed by 492
Abstract
Background: Ginseng is a slow-growing perennial herbaceous plant of the genus Panax. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Measuring Children’s Sodium and Potassium Intakes in New Zealand: A Pilot Study
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008014 - 06 Mar 2019
Viewed by 358
Abstract
Background: Low sodium and high potassium intakes in childhood protect against rises in blood
pressure (BP) and risk of cardiovascular disease later in life [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Sustainability at the Table
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008015 - 06 Mar 2019
Viewed by 401
Abstract
How do we ensure nutritious diets in a climate [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Validity of Quantitative Ultrasound and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis against Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry for Measuring Bone Quality and Body Composition in Children
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008016 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 388
Abstract
Background: Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a well-regarded device for primarily
measuring bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition. [...]

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Open AccessAbstract
Iron Status and Associations with Physical Performance in Female New Zealand Army Recruits
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008017 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 362
Abstract
Background: Decreases in iron status have been reported [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Retail Food Waste in New Zealand
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008018 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 462
Abstract
Background: An estimated one-third of the [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Effect of a Tailored Dietary Intervention with High or Standard Protein Intake on B-Vitamin and One Carbon Metabolism Status in Healthy Older Males: A 10 Week Randomised Controlled Trial
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008019 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 393
Abstract
Background: Maintaining optimal status of folate and metabolically [...]
Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Sex Differences in Diet and Cardio-Metabolic Diseases in the Pacific Islands
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008020 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 398
Abstract
Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in low-to middleincome
countries (LMIC), increasing disproportionately for women in LMIC compared to women in
high income countries. [...]

Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Evaluation of Milk and Lactose Sensitivity in Lactase Non-Persistence Genotypes
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008021 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 458
Abstract
Background: Lactase non-persistence, a condition affecting 75% of the world’s population, is
characterized by inactivity of the lactase enzyme, resulting in lactose intolerance. [...]

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Open AccessAbstract
Prevalence of Malnutrition and Dysphagia in Advanced Age Adults Newly Admitted to Age-Related Residential Care
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008022 - 07 Mar 2019
Viewed by 411
Abstract
Background: Adults over 80 years are the fastest growing population segment predicted to
increase six-fold by 2050 [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Impact of Dairy Intolerance on Acute B-Vitamin Response Post Milk Ingestion
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008023 - 11 Mar 2019
Viewed by 360
Abstract
Background: Milk is as an excellent source of B-vitamins, particularly riboflavin. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Caffeine Related Risk among Tertiary Students in New Zealand
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008024 - 11 Mar 2019
Viewed by 344
Abstract
Background: Caffeine-related health incidents in New Zealand have escalated over the last two
decades. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Prevalence of Gene Variants Associated with Poor Absorption or Negative Interactions with Key Anti-Inflammatory Nutrients in a New Zealand Population
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008025 - 11 Mar 2019
Viewed by 342
Abstract
Background: New Zealand (NZ) has high rates of Crohn’s disease (CD) at 26/105. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Does Acute Supplementation with Nitrate-Rich Beetroot Juice Benefit Older Adults More than Younger Adults
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008026 - 11 Mar 2019
Viewed by 358
Abstract
Background: To investigate age-related effects of acute dietary nitrate (NO3−) supplementation
on cardiovascular responses, cognition and mood. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Physical Activity and Metabolic Health in New Zealand European and Pacific Women from the Promise Study
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008027 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 563
Abstract
Background: This study investigates relationships between physical activity (PA) and
biomarkers of metabolic health in populations with different metabolic disease risk; Pacific and New
Zealand European (NZE) women with different body composition profiles. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Cytokine Production, Ferritin Levels and Bone Mineral Density in Healthy Postmenopausal Women
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008028 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 794
Abstract
Background: Cytokines, chemokines and CRP are known inflammatory markers. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Alignment between the New Zealand Health Star Rating System and the Chilean Warning Label System
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008029 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 418
Abstract
Background: Unhealthy diet is the leading preventable risk for poor health in New Zealand. [...] Full article
Open AccessFeature PaperAbstract
Metabolic Disease Risk Alters Circulating Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell microRNAs in Response to A High Glycemic Meal
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008030 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 449
Abstract
Background: High glycemic diets have been shown to exacerbate the risk of cardio-metabolic
disease in individuals with pre-existing disease risk, including obesity and insulin resistance,
common to the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Dietary Intake of New Zealand European and Pacific Woman from the PROMISE Study
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008031 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 411
Abstract
Background: New Zealand is culturally diverse and has one of the highest rates of obesity in the
world, especially among women. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Nutrition and Physical Activity for Pre-Schoolers: Knowledge and Perspectives amongst Early Childhood Education Teachers
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008032 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 495
Abstract
Background: Caregivers’ knowledge of the links between nutrition, diet and physical activity is
recognised as important for children’s health and body size [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Child Nutritional Status—Alternative Metrics to Body Mass Index
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008033 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 365
Abstract
Background: For children, body mass index, adjusted for age and gender is the globally accepted
measure of relative growth and risk of over and under-nutrition [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption in Auckland Primary School Children
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008034 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 510
Abstract
Background: Sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has a positive relationship with
unhealthy weight gain in children [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Sweet Taste Perception in Pacific and NZ European Women is Associated with Dietary Intake and Eating Behaviour
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008035 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 414
Abstract
Background: Taste perception may influence long-term dietary preferences, potentially
contributing to the development of obesity [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Factors Associated with Bone Health in Healthy Young Women
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008036 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 392
Abstract
Background: It is not feasible in large population studies to measure bone density using Dual Xray Absorptiometry (DXA) due to cost and accessibility [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Knowledge about Osteoporosis Risk Prevention in Young and Post-Menopausal Women in Palmerston North, New Zealand
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008037 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 386
Abstract
Background: Critical determinants of bone health are genetics, diet and physical activity.
Women face challenges to the modifiable risk factors [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Dietary Intake of New Zealand Strength Athletes
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008038 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 389
Abstract
Background: Nutrition is crucial for optimal performance of athletes. There is limited research
on dietary habits of strength athletes in New Zealand [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Do Lactose Intolerant Individuals Efficiently Absorb Protein from Acute Milk Consumption?
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008039 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 470
Abstract
Background: Lactose intolerance is due to the malabsorption of lactose, the predominant sugar
present in milk [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
The Accessibility and Understanding of Nutrition Advice in First Time Mothers
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008040 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 404
Abstract
Background: Nutrition is vital to achieve optimal health outcomes for both mother and baby
during pregnancy [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Micronutrient Intake of Vegans Living in Christchurch, New Zealand
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008041 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 390
Abstract
Background: The two main motives for individuals to exclude all animal-derived products from
their diet are health reasons and ethical belief [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Fundraising in New Zealand Schools
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008042 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 373
Abstract
Background: Learning healthy nutritional behaviours is important [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Immediate and Longer-Term Effects of An Intensive Adolescent Cooking Intervention on Mental Well-Being and Cooking Self-Efficacy, Attitudes and Involvement
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008043 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 409
Abstract
Background: Cooking more frequently is associated with a healthier diet. However, reported
decreases in adolescents’ cooking opportunities may contribute [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
A Retrospective and Cross-Sectional Study to Evaluate the Effect of Acculturation on the Dietary Calcium Intake and Predictors of Bone Mineral Density in Filipino Women Recently Immigrated to New Zealand
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008044 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 371
Abstract
Background: Filipinos in New Zealand have [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Risk Factors for Prediabetes in Auckland Primary School Children
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008045 - 12 Mar 2019
Viewed by 358
Abstract
Background: The incidence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing in
children around the world [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Potential Markets for Snacks: A Role for New Zealand Snack Products
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008046 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 416
Abstract
Background: Worldwide there is an increase in the consumption of snack foods and this is a key
business driver for the food industry [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Attitudes towards Inclusion of Sustainability Characteristics within New Zealand’s Eating and Activity Guidelines by Professionals in the Agriculture, Environment and Health Sectors
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008047 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 405
Abstract
Background: Globally, adverse health and environmental changes are occurring associated with
changes in the food and nutrition system [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
The New Zealand Beef and Sheep Sector’s Contribution to Biodiversity and Carbon Sequestration
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008048 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 440
Abstract
Background: Climate change and the environmental impact of food production is a key modern
challenge, becoming part of the wider human nutrition discussion in regard to sustainable diets [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Parents’ Perceptions of Packed Lunches in New Zealand Primary Schools
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008049 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 382
Abstract
Background: Children today in developed countries have an abundance of discretionary, cheap,
palatable and ready to eat foods available [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Protective Effects of Green Shelled Mussels in Osteoarthritis
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008050 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 457
Abstract
Background: Obesity-induced chronic inflammation is associated with metabolic syndrome, and
often leads to the development of osteoarthritis [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Beyond Nutrients: Insights for Health Professionals around a Communal Iftar Meal during Ramadan
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008051 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 339
Abstract
Background: Two main meals are consumed by Muslims during Ramadan, before sunrise
(Suhoor), and after sunset (Iftar) [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
A Dose-Response Study to Assess the Effects of New Zealand Pine Bark Extract on Glycaemic Responses in Healthy Participants
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008052 - 13 Mar 2019
Viewed by 388
Abstract
Background: The current estimation of 451 million people diagnosed with diabetes is expected
to increase to 693 million by 2045. Plant extracts have been shown to improve glycaemic control in
humans. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Determining the Validity And Reproducibility of A Feeding Assessment Tool to Assess Nutrient Intake in New Zealand Infants Aged 9 to 12 Months
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008053 - 14 Mar 2019
Viewed by 402
Abstract
Background: Dietary assessment in infants is challenging but necessary to understand the
relationship between nutrition and growth and development [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Inequalities in Infant Feeding Practices among the Growing Up in New Zealand Cohort
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008054 - 18 Mar 2019
Viewed by 502
Abstract
Background: Nutrition in the first year of life has a profound and enduring effect on health.
This study is the first in New Zealand (NZ) to provide generalizable national information about a
range of infant feeding practices beyond breastfeeding [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Infant Feeding Index among the Growing up in New Zealand Cohort: Adherence to the National Food and Nutrition Guidelines
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008055 - 18 Mar 2019
Viewed by 356
Abstract
Background: Research on infant feeding tends to focus on discrete practices, making it difficult
to summarize this critical period to reflect the whole infant diet simultaneously [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Postprandial Metabolic Responses When Manipulating Timing and Composition of a Meal
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008056 - 22 Mar 2019
Viewed by 406
Abstract
Background: Controlling postprandial glycaemia helps to prevent and manage
non-communicable diseases. One strategy in controlling glycaemia may be to consume meals in two
parts; a preload, followed by the remainder of the meal [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Eating Patterns of Pacific Children at Age 14 Years; Pacific Islands Families Study
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008057 - 03 Apr 2019
Viewed by 386
Abstract
Background: The variety, quality and quantity of foods consumed and eating patterns influence
the development of non-communicable diseases [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Vitamin D and Omega-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Improve Behavioural Symptoms in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008058 - 03 Apr 2019
Viewed by 460
Abstract
Background: The efficacy of vitamin D and omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
A Life-Course Model of Obesity: Primary and Secondary Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008059 - 10 Apr 2019
Viewed by 380
Abstract
Background: Childhood obesity is highly prevalent globally. [...] Full article
Open AccessAbstract
Development and Feasibility of a Low-Cost, Pacific Community-Focussed, Weight Management Programme in Glen Innes, Auckland
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008060 - 16 May 2019
Viewed by 329
Abstract
Background: Obesity is a significant nutritional public health issue in New Zealand, with 32%
of adults (15 yrs+) classified as obese and a further 34% overweight but not obese [...] Full article

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Open AccessMeeting Report
Nutrition Society of New Zealand Annual Conference Held in Auckland, New Zealand, 28–30th November 2018
Proceedings 2019, 8(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019008001 - 04 Mar 2019
Viewed by 756
Abstract
The annual conference and scientific [...] Full article
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