Next Issue
Previous Issue

E-Mail Alert

Add your e-mail address to receive forthcoming issues of this journal:

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Table of Contents

Proceedings, Volume 2, SP 2018

  • Issues are regarded as officially published after their release is announced to the table of contents alert mailing list.
  • You may sign up for e-mail alerts to receive table of contents of newly released issues.
  • PDF is the official format for papers published in both, html and pdf forms. To view the papers in pdf format, click on the "PDF Full-text" link, and use the free Adobe Readerexternal link to open them.
View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-21
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessProceedings
Introducing GEOFIT: Cost-Effective Enhanced Geothermal Systems for Energy Efficient Building Retrofitting
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 557; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2150557
Published: 21 September 2018
Viewed by 378 | PDF Full-text (706 KB)
Abstract
GEOFIT, “Deployment of novel GEOthermal systems, technologies and tools for energy efficient building retrofitting,” is a recently launched 4-year H2020 project funded by the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) under the call topic LCE-17-2017: Easier to install and more efficient geothermal systems [...] Read more.
GEOFIT, “Deployment of novel GEOthermal systems, technologies and tools for energy efficient building retrofitting,” is a recently launched 4-year H2020 project funded by the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) under the call topic LCE-17-2017: Easier to install and more efficient geothermal systems for retrofitting buildings. GEOFIT is a part of INEA’s Energy Portfolio Low Carbon Economy (LCE), Renewable Energy Technologies (RET) and brings together 24 partners from 10 European countries to work on the development of novel and smart shallow geothermal systems. This paper introduces the project. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
HEPHAESTUS—Highly Automated Physical Achievements and Performances Using Cable Robots Unique Systems
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 558; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2150558
Published: 6 September 2018
Viewed by 387 | PDF Full-text (218 KB)
Abstract
Highly automatEd PHysical Achievements and performancES using cable roboTs Unique Systems (HEPHAESTUS) is a Horizon 2020 EU-funded project carried out by 9 partners from across Europe that addresses novel concepts to introduce Robotics and Autonomous Systems use in construction, where this type of [...] Read more.
Highly automatEd PHysical Achievements and performancES using cable roboTs Unique Systems (HEPHAESTUS) is a Horizon 2020 EU-funded project carried out by 9 partners from across Europe that addresses novel concepts to introduce Robotics and Autonomous Systems use in construction, where this type of products is minor or almost non-existent. It focuses to give novel solutions to one of the most important fields in construction, the field related to the façades, and the works that need to be done when this part of a building is built or needs maintenance. HEPHAESTUS proposes new automatized ways to install these products, providing a whole solution not only highly industrialised in production but also in installation and maintenance. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Maturity of a Condominium for Renovation: What Are the Influential Criteria? Analysis in the French Context
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 816; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2150816
Published: 19 December 2018
Viewed by 267 | PDF Full-text (179 KB)
Abstract
In recent decades, much work has been done to facilitate the technical aspect of building renovation. However, the efforts made in housing renovation, especially in condominiums, are not sufficient to meet energy transition targets. In this specific type of building, the decision-making process [...] Read more.
In recent decades, much work has been done to facilitate the technical aspect of building renovation. However, the efforts made in housing renovation, especially in condominiums, are not sufficient to meet energy transition targets. In this specific type of building, the decision-making process is complex and is influenced by multiple factors. This study attempts to highlight the determining criteria that influence the renovation of a condominium. Obviously, technical and economic factors are important, but many sociological criteria also come into play. These criteria will be integrated into an analyzing tool which will be able to propose, in addition to the proper technical solution for renovation, the best accompaniment in the decision-making process. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Towards Integrating Behaviour Demand Response into Simulation Based Heat Production Optimisation
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1125; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151125
Published: 23 August 2018
Viewed by 383 | PDF Full-text (656 KB)
Abstract
Behaviour Demand Response (BDR) is the process of communicating with the building occupants and integrating their behavioural flexibility into the energy value chain. In this paper we will present an integrated behavioural model based on well-established behavioural theories and show how it can [...] Read more.
Behaviour Demand Response (BDR) is the process of communicating with the building occupants and integrating their behavioural flexibility into the energy value chain. In this paper we will present an integrated behavioural model based on well-established behavioural theories and show how it can be used to provide predictable flexibility to the production schedule optimisation. The proposed approach is two-fold: the model can be used to predict the expected behavioural flexibility of occupants as well as to generate optimal communication to trigger reliable BDR events. A system architecture will be presented showing how BDR can be integrated into simulation passed building/district operation. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Simulation Model to Evaluate Human Comfort Factors for an Office in a Building
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1126; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151126
Published: 24 August 2018
Viewed by 424 | PDF Full-text (807 KB)
Abstract
According to the literature, both advanced and developing countries are facing several challenges due to the lack of clean energy and emissions of CO2 leading to climate change. Especially in the built environment, energy efficient buildings are highly desirable to save energy [...] Read more.
According to the literature, both advanced and developing countries are facing several challenges due to the lack of clean energy and emissions of CO2 leading to climate change. Especially in the built environment, energy efficient buildings are highly desirable to save energy without affecting occupant’s health while providing an acceptable indoor environment and thermal conditions. The use of insulation, passive solar heating, and HVAC systems can contribute to improve the indoor thermal comfort. In the present study, a numerical simulation model is developed to evaluate the human comfort factors in a simulated indoor environment. The CFD model considers the thermal interaction of humans with the indoor environment. Ventilation and a heat source are added to model a workspace for evaluating indoor air temperature and human comfort factors. Indices like predicted mean vote (PMV) and predicted percentage dissatisfaction (PPD) are evaluated to assess thermal sensation of human body when adding and removing a heat source in the model office (i.e., radiator). Full article
Open AccessProceedings
District Energy Systems: A Collaborative Exchange of Results on Planning, Operation and Modelling for Energy Efficiency
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1127; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151127
Published: 28 August 2018
Viewed by 682 | PDF Full-text (206 KB)
Abstract
Workshop organized by INDIGO project as a collaborative activity among EU funded projects in the area of District Heating and Cooling. The objective of the workshop was twofold: (1) to create a cluster of European funded projects working in the area of District [...] Read more.
Workshop organized by INDIGO project as a collaborative activity among EU funded projects in the area of District Heating and Cooling. The objective of the workshop was twofold: (1) to create a cluster of European funded projects working in the area of District Energy Systems; and (2) to create a networking opportunity in which to share experiences on the results and difficulties of the researches, and to identify synergies. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Biorefinery Combining HTL and FT to Convert Wet and Solid Organic, Industrial Wastes into 2nd Generation Biofuels with Highest Efficiency: Heat-to-Fuel
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1128; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151128
Published: 28 August 2018
Viewed by 427 | PDF Full-text (386 KB)
Abstract
Heat-to-Fuel is a 48 months Horizon 2020 project which main objective is to deliver the next generation of biofuel production technologies supporting the de-carbonisation of the transportation sector by integrating its novel technologies together with innovative activities on design, modelling, development of hardware [...] Read more.
Heat-to-Fuel is a 48 months Horizon 2020 project which main objective is to deliver the next generation of biofuel production technologies supporting the de-carbonisation of the transportation sector by integrating its novel technologies together with innovative activities on design, modelling, development of hardware and processes, testing and life cycle analysis of a fully integrated system. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Demand Response Integration tEchnologies: Unlocking the Demand Response Potential in the Distribution Grid
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1129; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151129
Published: 28 August 2018
Viewed by 450 | PDF Full-text (1059 KB)
Abstract
DRIvE is a 36 months Horizon 2020 project which main objective is to unlock the Demand Response (DR) potential of residential and tertiary buildings in the distribution grid. DRIvE comprehensive platform can be seamlessly integrated with existing assets and buildings to achieve optimal [...] Read more.
DRIvE is a 36 months Horizon 2020 project which main objective is to unlock the Demand Response (DR) potential of residential and tertiary buildings in the distribution grid. DRIvE comprehensive platform can be seamlessly integrated with existing assets and buildings to achieve optimal operations in the next generation of Smart Grids, paving the way to a fully deployed DR market in the distribution network. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Putting Residential Flexibility Management into Action with Pilot Sites in Europe: From Mas2tering to DRIvE Projects
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1130; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151130
Published: 23 August 2018
Viewed by 553 | PDF Full-text (199 KB)
Abstract
The Mas2tering and DRIvE European projects develop a software platform to manage the residential and tertiary energy flexibility in local communities of prosumers. This platform includes forecasting, optimization, cybersecurity and fast-response capabilities modules. Business models and use cases were developed, taking into account [...] Read more.
The Mas2tering and DRIvE European projects develop a software platform to manage the residential and tertiary energy flexibility in local communities of prosumers. This platform includes forecasting, optimization, cybersecurity and fast-response capabilities modules. Business models and use cases were developed, taking into account the regulatory challenges. The platform will be implemented in five pilot sites across three countries. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
INNOQUA: Innovative Ecological On-Site Sanitation System for Water and Resource Savings
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1131; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151131
Published: 22 August 2018
Viewed by 358 | PDF Full-text (179 KB)
Abstract
INNOQUA, an EU-funded project through the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme launched in June 2016, aims to meet this challenge by promoting sustainable water sanitation technologies capable of performing a whole water treatment cycle. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Tools for Planning Energy Efficient District Systems
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1132; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151132
Published: 23 August 2018
Viewed by 416 | PDF Full-text (251 KB)
Abstract
An open-source planning tool for the evaluation district cooling systems is developed within project INDIGO. The tool is based on optimisation model consisting of a defined set of components in a district cooling (DC) system. The approach links up the whole energy chain [...] Read more.
An open-source planning tool for the evaluation district cooling systems is developed within project INDIGO. The tool is based on optimisation model consisting of a defined set of components in a district cooling (DC) system. The approach links up the whole energy chain from consumption to resources achieve an optimal solution. The tool will enable assessment on effects of single components on a system level and provide data for comparison from energy efficiency, economic feasibility and the climate impact point of view. Life cycle assessment (LCA) framework will be utilised as a method for both economic feasibility and climate impact evaluation. This paper reviews the related projects and positions INDIGO planning tool in this context. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Forecasting Algorithms and Optimization Strategies for Building Energy Management & Demand Response
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1133; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151133
Published: 27 August 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 548 | PDF Full-text (204 KB)
Abstract
In this paper, we look at the key forecasting algorithms and optimization strategies for the building energy management and demand response management. By conducting a combined and critical review of forecast learning algorithms and optimization models/algorithms, current research gaps and future research directions [...] Read more.
In this paper, we look at the key forecasting algorithms and optimization strategies for the building energy management and demand response management. By conducting a combined and critical review of forecast learning algorithms and optimization models/algorithms, current research gaps and future research directions and potential technical routes are identified. To be more specific, ensemble/hybrid machine learning algorithms and deep machine learning algorithms are promising in solving challenging energy forecasting problems while large-scale and distributed optimization algorithms are the future research directions for energy optimization in the context of smart buildings and smart grids. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Model-Based Optimal Control of Window Openings for Thermal Comfort
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1134; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151134
Published: 27 August 2018
Viewed by 366 | PDF Full-text (309 KB)
Abstract
Passive cooling via natural ventilation through window openings is a low-carbon strategy to minimize cooling demand and to adapt to the rising ambient temperatures due to climate change. However, relying on the manual control of windows by occupants is not always optimal for [...] Read more.
Passive cooling via natural ventilation through window openings is a low-carbon strategy to minimize cooling demand and to adapt to the rising ambient temperatures due to climate change. However, relying on the manual control of windows by occupants is not always optimal for maintaining indoor thermal comfort. In this study, a model-based approach using dynamic thermal simulation program EnergyPlus is used for the optimal control of window openings to maintain indoor thermal comfort. Based on the day-ahead weather forecast, the window opening schedule for the next 24 h is optimized through iteration. Results indicate that the proposed optimal control method significantly improves indoor thermal comfort than using some most commonly used manual control and automated control based on hourly set-point and outdoor temperatures. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Retrofitting Buildings: Embodied & Operational Energy Use in English Housing Stock
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1135; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151135
Published: 23 August 2018
Viewed by 482 | PDF Full-text (879 KB)
Abstract
This study is aimed at assessing the impact of the insulation refurbishment of the English housing stock on the embodied energy needed for the various refurbishment scenarios and their corresponding operational energy use reductions. An embodied energy model comprising 22 million homes has [...] Read more.
This study is aimed at assessing the impact of the insulation refurbishment of the English housing stock on the embodied energy needed for the various refurbishment scenarios and their corresponding operational energy use reductions. An embodied energy model comprising 22 million homes has been constructed, enabling the assessment and comparison of operational and embodied energy use due to the insulation refurbishment of various applicable building elements. Results indicate that mineral wool, sheep wool and expanded polystyrene (EPS) are the optimum insulation materials for cavity walls, cold pitch roofs and warm pitched roofs, respectively. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Smart Energy Management for Unlocking Demand Response in the Residential Sector
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1136; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151136
Published: 24 August 2018
Viewed by 434 | PDF Full-text (596 KB)
Abstract
This paper presents a smart energy management system for unlocking demand response in the UK residential sector. The approach comprises the estimation of one-hour energy demand and PV generation (supply) for scheduling the 24-h ahead demand profiles by shifting potential flexible loads. Real-time [...] Read more.
This paper presents a smart energy management system for unlocking demand response in the UK residential sector. The approach comprises the estimation of one-hour energy demand and PV generation (supply) for scheduling the 24-h ahead demand profiles by shifting potential flexible loads. Real-time electrical demand is met by combining power supplies from PV, grid and batteries while minimizing consumer’s cost of energy. The results show that the peak-to-average ratio is reduced by 22.9% with the cost saving of 34.6% for the selected day. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Generating Models for Model Predictive Control in Buildings
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1137; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151137
Published: 23 August 2018
Viewed by 498 | PDF Full-text (904 KB)
Abstract
There are strong policy drivers for the promotion of energy efficiency in buildings. In the literature, Model Predictive Control (MPC) is seen as a promising solution to deal with the energy management problem in buildings. Model identification is the primary task involved in [...] Read more.
There are strong policy drivers for the promotion of energy efficiency in buildings. In the literature, Model Predictive Control (MPC) is seen as a promising solution to deal with the energy management problem in buildings. Model identification is the primary task involved in the design of MPC control and defining the good level of complexity for the thermal dynamic model is a critical question. This paper focuses on the development of reliable models that can be used to support the deployment of (Distributive (Di)) MPC application. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
A Sub-Zonal PMV-Based HVAC and Façade Control System for Curtain Wall Buildings
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1138; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151138
Published: 27 August 2018
Viewed by 359 | PDF Full-text (174 KB)
Abstract
This paper presents an experimental test room in a curtain wall building where an innovative monitoring and control system was implemented and tested. The proposed solution is composed by an IR-based comfort sensor that measures the PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) index for 2 [...] Read more.
This paper presents an experimental test room in a curtain wall building where an innovative monitoring and control system was implemented and tested. The proposed solution is composed by an IR-based comfort sensor that measures the PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) index for 2 room’s sub-zones and provides the optimal air temperature set-points. The overall control system includes a distributed sensors and actuators network, also embedded into the façade modules, to measure indoor and outdoor parameters and to regulate fan-coils, windows opening and shadings with a sub-zonal approach. Initial results turn out to provide an energy saving of about 20% with an improvement of thermal/visual comfort and IAQ conditions. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Evaluating Green Strategies for the Reduction of Climate-Altering Gas Emissions Using LCA
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1151; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151151
Published: 30 August 2018
Viewed by 411 | PDF Full-text (184 KB)
Abstract
According to the previsions of Paris Agreement 2015, several Green Strategies (GS) can be implemented to control and reduce the GHG emissions due to the building sector and construction industries. The paper presents the first results of a research in progress that aims [...] Read more.
According to the previsions of Paris Agreement 2015, several Green Strategies (GS) can be implemented to control and reduce the GHG emissions due to the building sector and construction industries. The paper presents the first results of a research in progress that aims to evaluate the capability of GS in GHG reduction into the construction industries. In particular, the work, based on LCA methodology, compares different GS applied for the production of a concrete self-locking blocks for outdoor pavement (COP) and underlines the general capability in reducing the GHG emission of the green strategies applied. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Dissemination and Planned Demonstrator of New Precast Concrete Sandwich Panels
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1152; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151152
Published: 31 October 2018
Viewed by 230 | PDF Full-text (704 KB)
Abstract
This paper presents work developing thin precast concrete sandwich panels for recladding and overcladding applications. These panels are designed for the retrofit of precast concrete structures where the underlying frame is structurally sound. Structural and thermal testing has been carried out to validate [...] Read more.
This paper presents work developing thin precast concrete sandwich panels for recladding and overcladding applications. These panels are designed for the retrofit of precast concrete structures where the underlying frame is structurally sound. Structural and thermal testing has been carried out to validate the performance of the panels. The panels are designed to have thermal performance better than current national standards, and this has been verified through hot-box testing of components and small-scale panels. Structural performance of the panels has been tested with 3 point bending tests on full-scale panels. Work is in progress towards demonstration of the panels on an occupied building in the UK. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Connecting the Knowhow of Design, Production and Construction Professionals through Mixed Reality to Overcome Building’s Performance Gaps
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1153; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151153
Published: 3 September 2018
Viewed by 477 | PDF Full-text (186 KB)
Abstract
At present European buildings typically consume two to five times more energy than predicted at the design stage. An important cause of this performance gap is the discrepancies between the design specification and the As-Built condition. Such discrepancies are mainly due to the [...] Read more.
At present European buildings typically consume two to five times more energy than predicted at the design stage. An important cause of this performance gap is the discrepancies between the design specification and the As-Built condition. Such discrepancies are mainly due to the gaps in knowhow between design, production and construction professionals. Design is more and more contained into a virtual environment and loses touch with the physical production and construction sites. As the construction sector enters the Industry 4.0 era, Building Information Modelling (BIM) based Mixed Reality can intertwine virtual and real worlds to bridge the knowhow gaps. Full article
Open AccessProceedings
Plug-and-Play Solutions for Energy-Efficiency Deep Renovation of European Building Stock
Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1157; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151157
Published: 25 September 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 484 | PDF Full-text (184 KB)
Abstract
Ninety percent of the existing building stock in Europe was built before 1990. These buildings are in urgent need for a significant improvement of energy-efficiency through renovation. State-of-the-art renovation solutions are available, but costly and lengthy renovation processes and incomprehensible technical complexities hinder [...] Read more.
Ninety percent of the existing building stock in Europe was built before 1990. These buildings are in urgent need for a significant improvement of energy-efficiency through renovation. State-of-the-art renovation solutions are available, but costly and lengthy renovation processes and incomprehensible technical complexities hinder the achievement of a wide impact at a European scale. This paper presents a research on Plug-and-Play (PnP) technologies supported by Building Information Modelling (BIM) to provide affordable, interchangeable and quick-installation solutions to overcome the main barriers of building deep renovation. Full article
Proceedings EISSN 2504-3900 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top