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Analysis of the Cryptographic Tools for Blockchain and Bitcoin

Institute of Physical and Information Technologies (ITEFI), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Serrano 144, 28034 Madrid, Spain
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Mathematics 2020, 8(1), 131; https://doi.org/10.3390/math8010131
Received: 10 December 2019 / Revised: 4 January 2020 / Accepted: 11 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
Blockchain is one of the most interesting emerging technologies nowadays, with applications ranging from cryptocurrencies to smart contracts. This paper presents a review of the cryptographic tools necessary to understand the fundamentals of this technology and the foundations of its security. Among other elements, hash functions, digital signatures, elliptic curves, and Merkle trees are reviewed in the scope of their usage as building blocks of this technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: asymmetric cryptography; bitcoin; blockchain; digital signature; elliptic curves; hash function; merkle tree asymmetric cryptography; bitcoin; blockchain; digital signature; elliptic curves; hash function; merkle tree
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Martínez, V.G.; Hernández-Álvarez, L.; Encinas, L.H. Analysis of the Cryptographic Tools for Blockchain and Bitcoin. Mathematics 2020, 8, 131.

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