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Airbnb Offer in Spain—Spatial Analysis of the Pattern and Determinants of Its Distribution

1
Department of Spatial Planning and Tourism, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
2
Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
3
Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, University of Granada, 18072 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(3), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8030155
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 22 March 2019
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Abstract

The rising number of homes and apartments rented out through Airbnb and similar peer-to-peer accommodation platforms cause concerns about the impact of such activity on the tourism sector and property market. To date, spatial analysis on peer-to-peer rental activity has been usually limited in scope to individual large cities. In this study, we take into account the whole territory of Spain, with special attention given to cities and regions with high tourist activity. We use a dataset of about 250 thousand Airbnb listings in Spain obtained from the Airbnb webpage, aggregate the numbers of these offers in 8124 municipalities and 79 tourist areas/sites, measure their concentration, spatial autocorrelation, and develop regression models to find the determinants of Airbnb rentals’ distribution. We conclude that apart from largest cities, Airbnb is active in holiday destinations of Spain, where it often serves as an intermediary for the rental of second or investment homes and apartments. The location of Airbnb listings is mostly determined by the supply of empty or secondary dwellings, distribution of traditional tourism accommodation, coastal location, and the level of internationalization of tourism demand. View Full-Text
Keywords: peer-to-peer accommodation; sharing economy; collaborative economy; Airbnb; residential tourism; second homes; Spain peer-to-peer accommodation; sharing economy; collaborative economy; Airbnb; residential tourism; second homes; Spain
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Adamiak, C.; Szyda, B.; Dubownik, A.; García-Álvarez, D. Airbnb Offer in Spain—Spatial Analysis of the Pattern and Determinants of Its Distribution. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 155.

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