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Opportunities and Challenges for Error Control Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review

School of IT and Engineering (SITE), Melbourne Institute of Technology (MIT), 288 La Trobe Street, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
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Electronics 2020, 9(3), 504; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9030504
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 13 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Networks)
Error Correction Schemes (ECSs) significantly contribute to enhancing reliability and energy efficiency of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). This review paper offers an overview of the different types of ECS used in communication systems and a synopsis of the standards for WSN. We also discuss channels and network models for WSN as they are crucial for efficient ECS design and implementation. The literature review conducted on the proposed energy consumption and efficiency models for WSN indicates that existing research work has not considered Single Hop Asymmetric Structure (SHAS) with high performing Error Correcting Codes (ECCs). We present a review on proposed ECS for WSN based on three criteria: Forward Error Correction (FEC), adaptive error correction techniques, and other techniques. Based on our review work, we found that there are limited works on ECS design on a realistic network model i.e., a modified multi-hop WSN model. Finally, we offer future research challenges and opportunities on ECS design and implementation for WSN. View Full-Text
Keywords: error control scheme (ECS); energy efficiency; forward error correction (FEC); hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ); wireless sensor network (WSN) error control scheme (ECS); energy efficiency; forward error correction (FEC); hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ); wireless sensor network (WSN)
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Kadel, R.; Paudel, K.; Guruge, D.B.; Halder, S.J. Opportunities and Challenges for Error Control Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Review. Electronics 2020, 9, 504.

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