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Article

Techno-Economic Evaluation of 5G Technology for Automated Guided Vehicles in Production

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WZL|RWTH Aachen University, Campus-Boulevard 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany
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Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT, 52074 Aachen, Germany
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Institute for Industrial Management FIR|RWTH Aachen University, Campus-Boulevard 55, 52074 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nurul I. Sarkar
Electronics 2022, 11(2), 192; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11020192
Received: 9 December 2021 / Revised: 7 January 2022 / Accepted: 7 January 2022 / Published: 9 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 5G Technology in Smart Manufacturing)
The fifth generation of mobile communication (5G) is expected to bring immense benefits to automated guided vehicles by improving existing respectively enabling 5G-distinctive network control systems, leading to higher productivity and safety. However, only 1% of production companies have fully deployed 5G yet. Most companies currently lack an understanding of return on investment and of technical use-case benefits. Therefore, this paper analyses the influence of 5G on an automated guided vehicle use case based on a five-step evaluation model. The analysis is conducted with a use case in the Digital Experience Factory in Aachen. It shows a difference of net present value between 4G and 5G of 1.3 M€ after 10 years and a difference of return of investment of 66%. Furthermore, analysis shows an increase of mobility (13%), productivity (20%) and safety (136%). This indicates a noticeable improvement of a 5G-controlled automated guided vehicle compared to a 4G-controlled automated guided vehicle. View Full-Text
Keywords: 5G technology; automated guided vehicles; economic evaluation; technical evaluation; smart production 5G technology; automated guided vehicles; economic evaluation; technical evaluation; smart production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kiesel, R.; Henke, L.; Mann, A.; Renneberg, F.; Stich, V.; Schmitt, R.H. Techno-Economic Evaluation of 5G Technology for Automated Guided Vehicles in Production. Electronics 2022, 11, 192. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11020192

AMA Style

Kiesel R, Henke L, Mann A, Renneberg F, Stich V, Schmitt RH. Techno-Economic Evaluation of 5G Technology for Automated Guided Vehicles in Production. Electronics. 2022; 11(2):192. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11020192

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kiesel, Raphael, Leonhard Henke, Alexander Mann, Florian Renneberg, Volker Stich, and Robert H. Schmitt. 2022. "Techno-Economic Evaluation of 5G Technology for Automated Guided Vehicles in Production" Electronics 11, no. 2: 192. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11020192

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