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The Use of Some Clay Minerals as Natural Resources for Drug Carrier Applications

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche, Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica (DiFC), University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 17, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dedicated to Prof. Giuseppe Musumarra for his brilliant scientific career.
J. Funct. Biomater. 2018, 9(4), 58;
Received: 20 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 17 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clay-Based Biomaterials: From Synthesis to Applications)
PDF [3839 KB, uploaded 19 October 2018]


The goal of modern research is to use environmentally preferable materials. In this context, clay minerals are emerging candidates for their bio- and ecocompatibility, low cost and natural availability. Clay minerals present different morphologies according to their layer arrangements. The use of clay minerals, especially in biomedical applications is known from ancient times and they are regaining attention in recent years. The most representative clay minerals are kaolinit, montmorillonite, sepiolites and halloysite. This review summarizes some clay minerals and their derivatives for application as nanocontainer for biologically active species. View Full-Text
Keywords: clay minerals; drug carrier; halloysite clay minerals; drug carrier; halloysite

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Massaro, M.; Colletti, C.G.; Lazzara, G.; Riela, S. The Use of Some Clay Minerals as Natural Resources for Drug Carrier Applications. J. Funct. Biomater. 2018, 9, 58.

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