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Open AccessArticle

Exploring the Gas-Permeation Properties of Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Protic Imidazolium Ionic Liquids: Application in Natural Gas Processing

1
Department of Chemical & Environmental Engineering, Institute of Nanoscience of Aragon, University of Zaragoza, Edif. I+D+i, Campus Rio Ebro, C/Mariano Esquillor, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2
IEM (Institut Européen des Membranes), UMR 5635 (CNRS-ENSCM-UM), Université de Montpellier, CC047, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
3
School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), 261 Cheomdangwagi-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61005, Korea
4
Networking Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine, CIBER-BBN, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membranes 2018, 8(3), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030075
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mixed Matrix Membranes)
This experimental study explores the potential of supported ionic liquid membranes (SILMs) based on protic imidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) and randomly nanoporous polybenzimidazole (PBI) supports for CH4/N2 separation. In particular, three classes of SILMs have been prepared by the infiltration of porous PBI membranes with different protic moieties: 1-H-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide; 1-H-3-vinylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide followed by in situ ultraviolet (UV) polymerization to poly[1-(3H-imidazolium)ethylene] bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide. The polymerization process has been monitored by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and the concentration of the protic entities in the SILMs has been evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Single gas permeability values of N2 and CH4 at 313 K, 333 K and 363 K were obtained from a series of experiments conducted in a batch gas permeance system. The results obtained were assessed in terms of the preferential cavity formation and favorable solvation of methane in the apolar domains of the protic ionic network. The most attractive behavior exhibited poly[1-(3H-imidazolium)ethylene]bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide polymeric ionic liquid (PIL) cross-linked with 1% divinylbenzene supported membranes, showing stable performance when increasing the upstream pressure. The CH4/N2 permselectivity value of 2.1 with CH4 permeability of 156 Barrer at 363 K suggests that the transport mechanism of the as-prepared SILMs is solubility-dominated. View Full-Text
Keywords: protic imidazolium ionic liquids; CH4 solubility; nanoporous polybenzimidazole membranes; supported ionic liquid membranes; photo-assisted polymerization; CH4 selective membranes protic imidazolium ionic liquids; CH4 solubility; nanoporous polybenzimidazole membranes; supported ionic liquid membranes; photo-assisted polymerization; CH4 selective membranes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kallem, P.; Charmette, C.; Drobek, M.; Julbe, A.; Mallada, R.; Pina, M.P. Exploring the Gas-Permeation Properties of Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Protic Imidazolium Ionic Liquids: Application in Natural Gas Processing. Membranes 2018, 8, 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030075

AMA Style

Kallem P, Charmette C, Drobek M, Julbe A, Mallada R, Pina MP. Exploring the Gas-Permeation Properties of Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Protic Imidazolium Ionic Liquids: Application in Natural Gas Processing. Membranes. 2018; 8(3):75. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kallem, Parashuram; Charmette, Christophe; Drobek, Martin; Julbe, Anne; Mallada, Reyes; Pina, Maria P. 2018. "Exploring the Gas-Permeation Properties of Proton-Conducting Membranes Based on Protic Imidazolium Ionic Liquids: Application in Natural Gas Processing" Membranes 8, no. 3: 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030075

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