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Article

Factors Affecting Attitudes towards COVID-19 Vaccination: An Online Survey in Slovenia

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Faculty of Medicine, University of Maribor, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
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Faculty of Computer and Information Science, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Institute for Economic Research, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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InnoRenew CoE, Livade 6, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ralph J. DiClemente
Vaccines 2021, 9(3), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9030247
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccination and Public Health Version II: COVID-19 Vaccination)
While the problem of vaccine hesitancy is not new, it has become more pronounced with the new COVID-19 vaccines and represents an obstacle to resolving the crisis. Even people who would usually trust vaccines and experts now prefer to wait for more information. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in Slovenia in December 2020 to find out the attitudes of the population regarding COVID-19 vaccination and the factors that affect these attitudes. Based on 12,042 fully completed questionnaires, we find that higher intention to get vaccinated is associated with men, older respondents, physicians and medical students, respondents who got the influenza vaccination, those who knew someone who had gotten hospitalised or died from COVID-19 and those who have more trust in experts, institutions and vaccines. Nurses and technicians were less likely to get vaccinated. In answers to an open question, sceptics were split into those doubting the quality due to the rapid development of the vaccine and those that reported personal experiences with side effects of prior vaccinations. Although the Slovenian population is diverse in its attitudes towards vaccination, the results are comparable to those found in other countries. However, there are potential limitations to the generalizability of the findings that should be addressed in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-sectional studies; intention; public opinion; trust; ordinal regression; COVID-19; vaccination; surveys and questionnaires; Europe; immune system; SARS-CoV-2 cross-sectional studies; intention; public opinion; trust; ordinal regression; COVID-19; vaccination; surveys and questionnaires; Europe; immune system; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Petravić, L.; Arh, R.; Gabrovec, T.; Jazbec, L.; Rupčić, N.; Starešinič, N.; Zorman, L.; Pretnar, A.; Srakar, A.; Zwitter, M.; Slavec, A. Factors Affecting Attitudes towards COVID-19 Vaccination: An Online Survey in Slovenia. Vaccines 2021, 9, 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9030247

AMA Style

Petravić L, Arh R, Gabrovec T, Jazbec L, Rupčić N, Starešinič N, Zorman L, Pretnar A, Srakar A, Zwitter M, Slavec A. Factors Affecting Attitudes towards COVID-19 Vaccination: An Online Survey in Slovenia. Vaccines. 2021; 9(3):247. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9030247

Chicago/Turabian Style

Petravić, Luka, Rok Arh, Tina Gabrovec, Lucija Jazbec, Nika Rupčić, Nina Starešinič, Lea Zorman, Ajda Pretnar, Andrej Srakar, Matjaž Zwitter, and Ana Slavec. 2021. "Factors Affecting Attitudes towards COVID-19 Vaccination: An Online Survey in Slovenia" Vaccines 9, no. 3: 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9030247

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