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Article

Advanced Electron Beam (EB) Wastewater Treatment System with Low Background X-ray Intensity Generation

Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, 03-195 Warsaw, Poland
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Academic Editor: Dorota Swiatla-Wojcik
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(23), 11194; https://doi.org/10.3390/app112311194 (registering DOI)
Received: 25 October 2021 / Revised: 18 November 2021 / Accepted: 20 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Radiation Chemistry: Theory, Methods and Applications)
Electron beam wastewater treatment is a very effective method for the destruction of organic and microbiological pollutants. The technology was implemented for municipal and textile industry wastewater treatment. Availability of electron accelerators characterized with different operation parameters make the technology applicable for different end-users and also for installation in confined spaces. In such a case, the design of wastewater irradiation room has to take into account the limited space available for shielding construction, which must restrict X-ray emission. Considering construction of an irradiation room for water treatment facility, it is important to focus not only on a stream formation for irradiation to achieve the desired electron penetration, but also on the reduction in x-ray generation. In the presented work, the X-ray field was tested, using modelling and experimental methods. The final results gave an advanced solution, which can be used in the installation of wastewater treatment, ballast and other types of origin, providing low cost shield and good radiation protection measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: wastewater treatment; electron beam; X-ray radiation shield; dosimetry wastewater treatment; electron beam; X-ray radiation shield; dosimetry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gryczka, U.; Zimek, Z.; Walo, M.; Chmielewska-Śmietanko, D.; Bułka, S. Advanced Electron Beam (EB) Wastewater Treatment System with Low Background X-ray Intensity Generation. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 11194. https://doi.org/10.3390/app112311194

AMA Style

Gryczka U, Zimek Z, Walo M, Chmielewska-Śmietanko D, Bułka S. Advanced Electron Beam (EB) Wastewater Treatment System with Low Background X-ray Intensity Generation. Applied Sciences. 2021; 11(23):11194. https://doi.org/10.3390/app112311194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gryczka, Urszula, Zbigniew Zimek, Marta Walo, Dagmara Chmielewska-Śmietanko, and Sylwester Bułka. 2021. "Advanced Electron Beam (EB) Wastewater Treatment System with Low Background X-ray Intensity Generation" Applied Sciences 11, no. 23: 11194. https://doi.org/10.3390/app112311194

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