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Assessing Health Effects and Soundscape Analysis as New Mitigation Actions Concerning the Aircraft Noise Impact in Small- and Middle-Size Urban Areas in Greece

1
LTEA, School of the Civil Engineering, University of Thessaly, 38221 Volos, Greece
2
Department of Architecture, Polytechnic School, University of Thessaly, 38221 Volos, Greece
3
School of Architecture University Grenoble Alpes, Research Unit AAU-CRESSON, F-38036 Grenoble, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Environments 2019, 6(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments6010004
Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 11 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 4 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Solutions Mitigating Environmental Noise Pollution)
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Abstract

In 2013 and 2014, two main International Airports in Greece were evaluated through the European directive on noise environment 2002/49/EC: “Nikos Kazantzakis” International Airport of Heraklion Crete and “Ioannis—Kapodistrias” International Airport in Corfu, both located in highly touristic areas of Greece. Acoustic measurement’s campaign, environmental noise mapping simulations and population exposure to noise were implemented in order to produce a complete Strategic Noise Map. Correlated to this acoustic approach, a comprehensive interview campaign and a detailed soundscape analysis were also conducted in both airports’ adjacent areas (Alikarnassos district in Heraklion and the peninsula of Canoni in Corfu City) in order to understand the impact of aircraft movements on both local residents and tourists, and analyze the perception of the soundscapes. A similar evaluation was also executed in order to assess possible health effects by using the WHO’s DALY’s (Disability Adjusted Life Year) metrics for environmental noise in relation to the exposure of the population. This paper presents the main results of these representative case studies, attempting a combined assessment of both health effects and soundscape characteristics to be used as evaluation tools towards the management and the rehabilitation acoustic environment characterized mainly by aircraft noise in touristic areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: health effect; aircraft noise; environmental noise; European directive 2002/49; DALY metric; sound maps; sound perception; quiet zone; neighborhood; sound identity health effect; aircraft noise; environmental noise; European directive 2002/49; DALY metric; sound maps; sound perception; quiet zone; neighborhood; sound identity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Gerolymatou, G.; Rémy, N.; Vogiatzis, K.; Zafiropoulou, V. Assessing Health Effects and Soundscape Analysis as New Mitigation Actions Concerning the Aircraft Noise Impact in Small- and Middle-Size Urban Areas in Greece. Environments 2019, 6, 4.

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