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Analysis and Processing of Nadir and Stereo VHR Pleiadés Images for 3D Mapping and Planning the Land of Nineveh, Iraqi Kurdistan

1
Department of Construction, Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICEA), Universitá Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
2
Institute for technologies applied to cultural heritage (ITABC), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 00185 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2017, 7(3), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences7030080
Received: 4 August 2017 / Revised: 26 August 2017 / Accepted: 29 August 2017 / Published: 6 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing and Geosciences for Archaeology)
The impressive hydraulic system built by the Assyrian King Sennacherib is composed by different archaeological areas, displaced along the Land of Nineveh, in Iraqi Kurdistan. The extensive project we are working on has the aim of mapping and geo-referencing any kind of documentation in order to design an archaeological-environmental park able to preserve and enhance the archaeological complex. Unfortunately, the area is failing a topographic documentation and the available cartography is not sufficient for planning and documentation purposes. The research work presented in these pages moves towards this direction, by exploiting Pleiadés Very High Resolution (VHR) images (in both nadir and stereo configuration) for an accurate mapping of the site. In more depth, Pleiadés nadir VHR images have been used to perform a pansharpening procedure used to enhance the visual interpretation of the study area, whilst stereo-pair have been processed to produce the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the study area. Statistical evaluations show the high accuracy of the processing and the reliability of the outputs as well. The integration of different products, at different Levels of Detail within a unique GIS environment, besides protecting, preserving and enhancing the water system of Sennacherib’s, paves the way to allow the Kurdistan Regional Government to present a proposal for the admission of the archaeological complex in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List (WHTL). View Full-Text
Keywords: remote sensing; Pleiadés Satellite Images; stereo-pair; matching; DEM; GIS; archaeology remote sensing; Pleiadés Satellite Images; stereo-pair; matching; DEM; GIS; archaeology
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Malinverni, E.S.; Pierdicca, R.; Bozzi, C.A.; Colosi, F.; Orazi, R. Analysis and Processing of Nadir and Stereo VHR Pleiadés Images for 3D Mapping and Planning the Land of Nineveh, Iraqi Kurdistan. Geosciences 2017, 7, 80.

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