: Temozolomide is efficacious as an oral alternative for patients with metastatic melanoma (MM). Calcitriol has anti-proliferative properties and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms are associated with alterations in melanoma susceptibility and progression. Methods
: Tem 150 mg/m2
was administered on days 2–8 and 16–22 every 28 days. Calcitriol was given on days 1 and 15 every 28 days. VDR gene analysis was completed using PCR-RFLP based assays. Tolerability was the primary objective with secondary objectives of time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). Results
: Twenty pts with MM were registered. Cytopenias and thrombosis were the most common grade 3 or 4 toxicities. Median TTP was 1.8 mo. Pts with high-risk VDR genotype tt+/−ff (n
= 6) had an OS of 3.8 mo from time of enrollment, compared to 7.4 mo for those with non-tt/ff genotypes (n
= 11), although not statistically significant (HR = 1.20, 95% CI 0.41–3.53, p
= 0.74). Conclusions
: The extended dosing of Tem with calcitriol is a well-tolerated regimen. The trend toward improved OS in non-tt/ff VDR genotypes is consistent with prior studies associating the tt/ff genotype with biologic aggressiveness.