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Article

Validity and Reliability of the Dental Neglect Scale among Romanian Adults

1
Department of Career and Educational Training, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independenţei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
2
Department of Oral Health and Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 17–21 Calea Plevnei Street, 010221 Bucharest, Romania
3
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 17–21 Calea Plevnei Street, 010221 Bucharest, Romania
4
Department of Prosthesis Technology and Dental Materials, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 17–21 Calea Plevnei Street, Sector 1, 010221 Bucharest, Romania
5
Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 17–21, Calea Plevnei Street, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
6
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 17–21, Calea Plevnei Street, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Chun-Ming Chen
J. Pers. Med. 2022, 12(7), 1035; https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071035
Received: 23 May 2022 / Revised: 15 June 2022 / Accepted: 22 June 2022 / Published: 24 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prevention and Management of Oral Healthcare)
The Dental Neglect Scale (DNS) is a well-known measure for assessing behaviours and attitudes related to oral health. However, the factor inconsistency revealed by the literature involves further investigations. The study focuses on the validation of the DNS in the case of a sample of the adult population from Romania. In this regard, data were collected online from 872 adults (616 females and 256 males). DNS reliability was examined from the perspective of internal consistency. Convergent validity was performed by associating DNS with different scales from the oral health field. In order to examine and confirm the factorial structure, the sample was broken down into two subsamples which made the subject of the exploratory factorial analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA), respectively. DNS-RO is positively associated with the scale which measures the values related to oral health (OHVS) and negatively with those that assess the impact of the oral health on life quality (OHIP-14), the distrust of the benefits of oral health services (R-DBS), and reduced need for oral care (DIS). The Cronbach’s α = 0.70, McDonald’s ω = 0.70 and CR = 0.77 are acceptable. Both EFA and CFA (χ2/df = 1.13; CFI = 0.99; RMSEA = 0.017; SRMR = 0.059) support the unifactorial structure of the scale. The gender differences show that females evince greater care for oral health than male subjects. The study shows that the DNS-RO can be used to assess the behaviours and attitudes towards oral health in the case of the Romanian adult population in epidemiological studies and health promotion programs through health education. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental neglect; validation; Romanian adults dental neglect; validation; Romanian adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balgiu, B.A.; Sfeatcu, R.; Mihai, C.; Ilici, R.R.; Parlatescu, I.; Tribus, L. Validity and Reliability of the Dental Neglect Scale among Romanian Adults. J. Pers. Med. 2022, 12, 1035. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071035

AMA Style

Balgiu BA, Sfeatcu R, Mihai C, Ilici RR, Parlatescu I, Tribus L. Validity and Reliability of the Dental Neglect Scale among Romanian Adults. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2022; 12(7):1035. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balgiu, Beatrice Adriana, Ruxandra Sfeatcu, Christina Mihai, Roxana Romanița Ilici, Ioanina Parlatescu, and Laura Tribus. 2022. "Validity and Reliability of the Dental Neglect Scale among Romanian Adults" Journal of Personalized Medicine 12, no. 7: 1035. https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm12071035

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