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Article

Assessment of Causes and Effects of Groundwater Level Change in an Urban Area (Warsaw, Poland)

Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
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Water 2020, 12(11), 3107; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113107
Received: 14 August 2020 / Revised: 31 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 November 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Management of Urban Water Resources)
Monitoring the data of groundwater level in long-term measurement series has allowed for assessment of the impact of natural and anthropogenic factors on groundwater recharge. It allows for assessing the actual groundwater quantity, which constitutes the basis for balanced and sustainable groundwater planning and management in an urban area. Groundwater levels in three aquifers were studied: the shallow and deeper Quaternary aquifers and the Oligocene aquifer in Warsaw (Poland). Statistical analysis was performed on a 27-year (1993–2019) cycle of daily measurements of groundwater levels. The studies focused on determining the range and causes of groundwater level changes in urban-area aquifers. The groundwater table position in the Quaternary aquifer pointed to variable long-term recharge and allowed for the identification of homogenous intervals with identification of water table fluctuation trends. A decrease in the water table was observed within the Quaternary aquifers. The Oligocene aquifer displayed an opposite trend. View Full-Text
Keywords: potable supplies; groundwater level changes; infiltration; recharge; climate changes; water efficiency potable supplies; groundwater level changes; infiltration; recharge; climate changes; water efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Krogulec, E.; Małecki, J.J.; Porowska, D.; Wojdalska, A. Assessment of Causes and Effects of Groundwater Level Change in an Urban Area (Warsaw, Poland). Water 2020, 12, 3107. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113107

AMA Style

Krogulec E, Małecki JJ, Porowska D, Wojdalska A. Assessment of Causes and Effects of Groundwater Level Change in an Urban Area (Warsaw, Poland). Water. 2020; 12(11):3107. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Krogulec, Ewa; Małecki, Jerzy J.; Porowska, Dorota; Wojdalska, Anna. 2020. "Assessment of Causes and Effects of Groundwater Level Change in an Urban Area (Warsaw, Poland)" Water 12, no. 11: 3107. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113107

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