Next Article in Journal
Subclinical Cardiovascular Damage and Fat Utilization in Overweight/Obese Individuals Receiving the Same Dietary and Pharmacological Interventions
Previous Article in Journal
PCSK9 Antibodies for the Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Consumer Knowledge, Attitudes and Salt-Related Behavior in the Middle-East: The Case of Lebanon
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2014, 6(12), 5534-5559;

Current Levels of Salt Knowledge: A Review of the Literature

Health Promotion Board, 168937 Singapore, Singapore
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 July 2014 / Revised: 3 November 2014 / Accepted: 6 November 2014 / Published: 1 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Salt and Health: A Public Health Issue)
Full-Text   |   PDF [233 KB, uploaded 1 December 2014]


High salt intake increases the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Given the role of knowledge as a determinant of food intake, this paper aims to review the current levels of salt knowledge and the association between salt knowledge and dietary salt intake and salt-related dietary practices in the general population. Twenty two studies were included in the review. In general, the studies showed consumers were able to identify the health risks associated with high salt intake. However, knowledge of recommended daily intakes, understanding of the relationships between salt and sodium and foods that contribute most salt to the diet were poor. Four of the five studies which examined the relationships between salt knowledge and salt-related dietary practices reported significant associations. Two important gaps in the current literature were identified. First, there is a need for a robustly validated tool to examine salt knowledge and its impact on salt intake. Second, a comprehensive salt knowledge assessment should include assessment of procedural, as well as declarative, knowledge. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt; sodium; knowledge; awareness; review; salt use; salt intake; salt practices salt; sodium; knowledge; awareness; review; salt use; salt intake; salt practices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sarmugam, R.; Worsley, A. Current Levels of Salt Knowledge: A Review of the Literature. Nutrients 2014, 6, 5534-5559.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top