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Factors Explaining Households’ Cash Payment for Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling Behaviors in South Africa

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, North-West University Mafikeng Campus, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
Academic Editor: Giovanni de Feo
Sustainability 2015, 7(12), 15882-15899;
Received: 28 September 2015 / Revised: 2 November 2015 / Accepted: 5 November 2015 / Published: 30 November 2015
PDF [228 KB, uploaded 30 November 2015]


Environmental safety is one of the top policy priorities in some developing countries. This study analyzed the factors influencing waste disposal and recycling by households in South Africa. The data were collected by Statistics South Africa in 2012 during the General Household Survey (GHS). Analysis of the data was carried out with the Bivariate Probit model. The results showed that 56.03% and 31.98% of all the households disposed waste through local authority/private companies and own refuse dump sites, respectively. Limpopo and Mpumalanga had the highest usage of own refuse dump sites and dumping of waste anywhere. Littering (34.03%) and land degradation (31.53%) were mostly perceived by the households, while 38.42% were paying for waste disposal and 8.16% would be willing to pay. Only 6.54% and 1.70% of all the households were recycling and selling waste respectively with glass (4.10%) and papers (4.02%) being most recycled. The results of the Bivariate Probit model identified income, access to social grants, Indian origin, and attainment of formal education as significant variables influencing payment for waste disposal and recycling. It was inter alia recommended that revision of environmental law, alleviating poverty, and gender sensitive environmental education and awareness creation would enhance environmental conservation behaviors in South Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling; environmental safety; environmental conservation; South Africa recycling; environmental safety; environmental conservation; South Africa
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oyekale, A.S. Factors Explaining Households’ Cash Payment for Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling Behaviors in South Africa. Sustainability 2015, 7, 15882-15899.

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