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Article

The Green Hydrogen Puzzle: Towards a German Policy Framework for Industry

1
Wuppertal Institute, Doeppersberg 19, 42103 Wuppertal, Germany
2
German Economic Institute, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 21, 50668 Cologne, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Balint Simon and Stefan Lechtenböhmer
Sustainability 2021, 13(22), 12626; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132212626
Received: 29 September 2021 / Revised: 2 November 2021 / Accepted: 10 November 2021 / Published: 15 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in the Energy-Intensive Heavy Industry)
Green hydrogen will play a key role in building a climate-neutral energy-intensive industry, as key technologies for defossilising the production of steel and basic chemicals depend on it. Thus, policy-making needs to support the creation of a market for green hydrogen and its use in industry. However, it is unclear how appropriate policies should be designed, and a number of challenges need to be addressed. Based on an analysis of the ongoing German debate on hydrogen policies, this paper analyses how policy-making for green hydrogen development may support industry defossilisation. For the assessment of policy instruments, a simplified multi-criteria analysis (MCA) is used with an innovative approach that derives criteria from specific challenges. Four challenges and seven relevant policy instruments are identified. The results of the MCA reveal the potential of each of the selected instruments to address the challenges. The paper furthermore outlines how instruments might be combined in a policy package that supports industry defossilisation, creates synergies and avoids trade-offs. The paper’s impact may reach beyond the German case, as the challenges are not specific to the country. The results are relevant for policy-makers in other countries with energy-intensive industries aiming to set the course towards a hydrogen future. View Full-Text
Keywords: green hydrogen; climate-neutral industry; carbon dioxide emissions; policy package; multi-criteria analysis green hydrogen; climate-neutral industry; carbon dioxide emissions; policy package; multi-criteria analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tholen, L.; Leipprand, A.; Kiyar, D.; Maier, S.; Küper, M.; Adisorn, T.; Fischer, A. The Green Hydrogen Puzzle: Towards a German Policy Framework for Industry. Sustainability 2021, 13, 12626. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132212626

AMA Style

Tholen L, Leipprand A, Kiyar D, Maier S, Küper M, Adisorn T, Fischer A. The Green Hydrogen Puzzle: Towards a German Policy Framework for Industry. Sustainability. 2021; 13(22):12626. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132212626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tholen, Lena, Anna Leipprand, Dagmar Kiyar, Sarah Maier, Malte Küper, Thomas Adisorn, and Andreas Fischer. 2021. "The Green Hydrogen Puzzle: Towards a German Policy Framework for Industry" Sustainability 13, no. 22: 12626. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132212626

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