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Article

Fault Loop Impedance Measurement in Circuits Fed by UPS and Principle of Safety Protection

Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland
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Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 10126; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310126
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 4 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS))
This paper indicates a significant problem of uncertainty of fault loop impedance (FLI) measurement in circuits powered from uninterruptible power supply (UPS) (double-conversion AC-DC-AC). The correctly determined value of this impedance, related to the short-circuit current disconnection time and to the reference value, is one of the most important elements that determines the approval of an electrical installation and its receivers for operation. To define the principles of FLI measurement, several hundred measurements of the short-circuit loop impedance in the circuits fed by the UPS, in various UPS operation modes and with various FLI instruments, were made, which allowed for the definition of measurement rules that reduce the error in assessing the effectiveness of protection against electric shock by automatic disconnection of supply. Based on the analysis of voltage and current waveforms recorded during the real short-circuit tests in the circuit fed by the UPS, a proprietary algorithm for determining the short-circuit loop impedance has been proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: uninterruptible power supply (UPS); short-circuit; protection for safety; earth fault loop impedance measurement; UPS power supply reliability uninterruptible power supply (UPS); short-circuit; protection for safety; earth fault loop impedance measurement; UPS power supply reliability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Katarzyński, J.; Olesz, M. Fault Loop Impedance Measurement in Circuits Fed by UPS and Principle of Safety Protection. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10126. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310126

AMA Style

Katarzyński J, Olesz M. Fault Loop Impedance Measurement in Circuits Fed by UPS and Principle of Safety Protection. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):10126. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310126

Chicago/Turabian Style

Katarzyński, Jacek, and Marek Olesz. 2020. "Fault Loop Impedance Measurement in Circuits Fed by UPS and Principle of Safety Protection" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 10126. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310126

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