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Open AccessArticle

Optimization Method for Reducing the Air Pollutant Emission and Aviation Noise of Arrival in Terminal Area

1
Air Traffic Department, College of Civil Aviation, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
2
Terminal Radar Control Center, Jiangsu Air Traffic Management Sub-bureau, Nanjing 210016, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4715; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174715
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 24 August 2019 / Accepted: 27 August 2019 / Published: 29 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility: Social, Technological and Environmental Issues)
In order to reduce the environmental impact of aircraft operation in the terminal area, this paper researched the route optimization method. Firstly, this paper constructed the air pollutant emission and noise assessment model, and the flight performance model. Secondly, aiming at reducing air emissions and noise level, the multi-objective terminal area route optimization model is established based on the principles of flight safety and flight procedure construction. Then this paper puts forward the path optimization method of emission and noise reduction of terminal area route network, through the research on the priority setting method of terminal area approach and departure route planning. The route segmentation method and NSGA-II algorithm are employed to solve the problem. Finally, a numerical case study is carried out for the Shanghai terminal area, and yields the following results: (1) Compared with the original route network, the optimized route network in the terminal area can significantly reduce emission and noise by reducing pollutant emission by 51.4% and noise influence by 21.5%; (2) The method can also reduce fuel consumption by 60.5% and the total route length by 21.1%. View Full-Text
Keywords: Terminal area; Arrival routes; Path optimization; Air pollutant emissions; Aviation noise Terminal area; Arrival routes; Path optimization; Air pollutant emissions; Aviation noise
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tian, Y.; Wan, L.; Ye, B.; Yin, R.; Xing, D. Optimization Method for Reducing the Air Pollutant Emission and Aviation Noise of Arrival in Terminal Area. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4715.

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