Next Article in Journal
A Novel Integrated Approach for Green Supplier Selection with Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Uncertain Linguistic Information: A Case Study in the Agri-Food Industry
Previous Article in Journal
Technical Feasibility and Comprehensive Sustainability Assessment of Sweet Sorghum for Bioethanol Production in China
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 732; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030732

Social Sustainability Assessment across Provinces in China: An Analysis of Combining Intermediate Approach with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Window Analysis

1
School of Foreign Language, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
2
The Center for Economic Research, Shandong School of Development, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 25 February 2018 / Accepted: 2 March 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [3547 KB, uploaded 7 March 2018]   |  

Abstract

There are two categories (i.e., radial and non-radial category) in conventional DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). Recently, intermediate approach was put forward as a new third category. Intermediate approach is a newly proposed approach and there are quite limited related studies. This study contributes to the DEA studies by putting forward an analytical framework of combining intermediate approach and DEA window analysis along with the concepts of natural and managerial disposability. Such combination is quite meaningful and this new approach has three important features. To the best of our knowledge, such type of research has never been investigated by the existing studies. As an application, this approach is used to evaluate the performance of provinces in China from 2007 to 2014. Furthermore, this study develops a series of performance indices from different perspectives. This study identifies the three important findings. Firstly, eco-technology advancements can achieve economic prosperity and environmental protection simultaneously, and thus should become a new direction of climate policies. Secondly, considerable differences exist in a series of indices that evaluates the performance of various provinces and pollutants from different respective. Then, sufficient attention should be given to the provinces and the pollutants with poor performance. Finally, the Chinese government should promote efficiency improvement by “catching up” for provinces with poor performance in the short term. In addition, the central government should reduce regional disparity in order to promote the social sustainability in the long term. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dioxide emissions; DEA window analysis; energy efficiency improvements; intermediate approach; provincial gaps in China; desirable and undesirable outputs carbon dioxide emissions; DEA window analysis; energy efficiency improvements; intermediate approach; provincial gaps in China; desirable and undesirable outputs
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, A.; Li, A.; Gao, Y. Social Sustainability Assessment across Provinces in China: An Analysis of Combining Intermediate Approach with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Window Analysis. Sustainability 2018, 10, 732.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top