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Creating a Novel Multi-Layered Integrative Climate Change Adaptation Planning Approach Using a Systematic Literature Review

1
School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, Australia
2
Cities Research Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia
3
Griffith Climate Change Response Program, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4100; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114100
Received: 1 October 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 5 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policy)
Climate change adaptation planning requires the integration of disciplines, stakeholders, different modelling approaches, treatment options, and scales of analysis. An integrated stepwise planning approach is a critical requirement for effective climate change adaptation in the context of small island developing states and coastal communities. To address this need, this paper reports on a systematic review of 116 research papers from an initial set of around 650 academic peer-reviewed papers. These papers were assessed and categorised based on their planning framework or the approach utilised, measured climate change impacts, employed methods and tools, and recommended adaptation strategies or options. This study identified three important dimensions of a fully integrated climate change adaptation planning process, namely, integration in assessment, integration in modelling, and integration in adaptive responses. Moreover, it resulted in the formulation of a novel multi-layered integrative climate change adaptation planning approach. Adopting this holistic and integrative approach is more likely to yield better climate change adaptation in planning outcomes over the long term. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change adaptation; integrated modelling approach; small island developing states; adaptation planning; ecosystem-based adaptation climate change adaptation; integrated modelling approach; small island developing states; adaptation planning; ecosystem-based adaptation
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Hafezi, M.; Sahin, O.; Stewart, R.A.; Mackey, B. Creating a Novel Multi-Layered Integrative Climate Change Adaptation Planning Approach Using a Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4100.

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