Effect of Repetition Rate on Femtosecond Laser-Induced Homogenous Microstructures
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, 3610 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 0C5, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin Byung-Guk Jun
Received: 1 November 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 19 December 2016
We report on the effect of repetition rate on the formation and surface texture of the laser induced homogenous microstructures. Different microstructures were micromachined on copper (Cu) and titanium (Ti) using femtosecond pulses at 1 and 10 kHz. We studied the effect of the repetition rate on structure formation by comparing the threshold accumulated pulse (
) values and the effect on the surface texture through lacunarity analysis. Machining both metals at low
resulted in microstructures with higher lacunarity at 10 kHz compared to 1 kHz. On increasing
, the microstructures showed higher lacunarity at 1 kHz. The effect of the repetition rate on the threshold
values were, however, considerably different on the two metals. With an increase in repetition rate, we observed a decrease in the threshold
on Cu, while on Ti we observed an increase. These differences were successfully allied to the respective material characteristics and the resulting melt dynamics. While machining Ti at 10 kHz, the melt layer induced by one laser pulse persists until the next pulse arrives, acting as a dielectric for the subsequent pulse, thereby increasing
. However, on Cu, the melt layer quickly resolidifies and no such dielectric like phase is observed. Our study contributes to the current knowledge on the effect of the repetition rate as an irradiation parameter.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Share & Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Biswas, S.; Karthikeyan, A.; Kietzig, A.-M. Effect of Repetition Rate on Femtosecond Laser-Induced Homogenous Microstructures. Materials 2016, 9, 1023.
Biswas S, Karthikeyan A, Kietzig A-M. Effect of Repetition Rate on Femtosecond Laser-Induced Homogenous Microstructures. Materials. 2016; 9(12):1023.
Biswas, Sanchari; Karthikeyan, Adya; Kietzig, Anne-Marie. 2016. "Effect of Repetition Rate on Femtosecond Laser-Induced Homogenous Microstructures." Materials 9, no. 12: 1023.
Show more citation formats
Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.
[Return to top]
For more information on the journal statistics, click here
Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.