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Open AccessArticle

Bone Replacement Materials and Techniques Used for Achieving Vertical Alveolar Bone Augmentation

1
Matrix Dynamics Group, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Room 221, Fitzgerald Building, 150 College Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada
2
Department of Applied Oral Sciences, The Forsyth Institute, 245 First Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Franz E. Weber
Materials 2015, 8(6), 2953-2993; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma8062953
Received: 31 March 2015 / Revised: 19 May 2015 / Accepted: 19 May 2015 / Published: 27 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Bone Substitute Materials)
Alveolar bone augmentation in vertical dimension remains the holy grail of periodontal tissue engineering. Successful dental implant placement for restoration of edentulous sites depends on the quality and quantity of alveolar bone available in all spatial dimensions. There are several surgical techniques used alone or in combination with natural or synthetic graft materials to achieve vertical alveolar bone augmentation. While continuously improving surgical techniques combined with the use of auto- or allografts provide the most predictable clinical outcomes, their success often depends on the status of recipient tissues. The morbidity associated with donor sites for auto-grafts makes these techniques less appealing to both patients and clinicians. New developments in material sciences offer a range of synthetic replacements for natural grafts to address the shortcoming of a second surgical site and relatively high resorption rates. This narrative review focuses on existing techniques, natural tissues and synthetic biomaterials commonly used to achieve vertical bone height gain in order to successfully restore edentulous ridges with implant-supported prostheses. View Full-Text
Keywords: vertical bone augmentation; alveolar ridge augmentation; biomaterials; bone graft materials; bone replacement; osteoconduction; osteoinduction; creeping substitution vertical bone augmentation; alveolar ridge augmentation; biomaterials; bone graft materials; bone replacement; osteoconduction; osteoinduction; creeping substitution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sheikh, Z.; Sima, C.; Glogauer, M. Bone Replacement Materials and Techniques Used for Achieving Vertical Alveolar Bone Augmentation. Materials 2015, 8, 2953-2993.

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