Table of Contents
Energies, Volume 9, Issue 8 (August 2016) – 93 articles
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Cover Story (view full-size image) To protect the battery, a battery management system (BMS) is used to monitor its state and maintain [...] Read more. To protect the battery, a battery management system (BMS) is used to monitor its state and maintain safe, reliable and optimal operation. The primary task of all BMS features is to predict the energy storage and delivery capacity. The fractional diﬀerential model (FDM) is an accurate, but still low complexity, battery system model which models the individual dynamics from a power charge/discharge demand signal to the voltage and the current signals, respectively. View this paper