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Survey and Classification of Business Models for the Energy Transformation

Chair of Energy and Resource Management, Technische Universität Berlin, FH 5-3, Fraunhoferstraße 33–36, 10587 Berlin, Germany
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Energies 2020, 13(11), 2981; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112981
Received: 24 April 2020 / Revised: 26 May 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 10 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Economics and Policy)
The energy transformation is changing the structure of the energy sector in Europe and Germany. In this paper the current structure of the energy sector is analysed both empirically as well as theoretically. Therefore, the authors have developed the business model framework for the energy transformation (BMFE). The framework is a synthesis of classical business model designs. An exhaustive survey of existing business models based on primary data collection and a literature review leads to 638 business models. Finally, 69 prototypical business models of the energy sector are the result of the classification of these business models. The information of the business models within the BMFE is applied to show the growing importance of value creation networks in energy industry. The work represents the current status of the business models in the energy sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy transformation; Energiewende; business models; business model classification; business model framework for the energy transformation; business model ontology; value creation networks energy transformation; Energiewende; business models; business model classification; business model framework for the energy transformation; business model ontology; value creation networks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giehl, J.; Göcke, H.; Grosse, B.; Kochems, J.; Müller-Kirchenbauer, J. Survey and Classification of Business Models for the Energy Transformation. Energies 2020, 13, 2981.

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