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Interventions and Outcomes for Neoadjuvant Treatment of T4 Colon Cancer: A Scoping Review

1
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada
2
Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T1P5, Canada
3
Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
4
Library and Information Services, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 2C4, Canada
5
Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada
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Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 1P5, Canada
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Division of Medical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada
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Division of Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally to this work.
Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28(3), 2065-2078; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28030191
Received: 10 April 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 24 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Gastrointestinal Oncology)
While adjuvant treatment of colon cancers that penetrate the serosa (T4) have been well-established, neoadjuvant strategies have yet to be formally evaluated. Our objective was to perform a scoping review of eligibility criteria, treatment regimens, and primary outcomes for neoadjuvant approaches to T4 colon cancer. A librarian-led, systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and CINAHL up to 11 February 2020 was performed. Primary research evaluating neoadjuvant treatment in T4 colon cancer were included. Screening and data abstraction were performed in duplicate; analyses were descriptive or thematic. A total of twenty studies were included, most of which were single-arm, single-center, and retrospective. The primary objectives of the literature to date has been to evaluate treatment feasibility, tumor response, disease-free survival, and overall survival in healthy patients. Conventional XELOX and FOLFOX chemotherapy were the most commonly administered interventions. Rationale for selecting a specific regimen and for treatment eligibility criteria were poorly documented across studies. The current literature on neoadjuvant strategies for T4 colon cancer is overrepresented by single-center, retrospective studies that evaluate treatment feasibility and efficacy in healthy patients. Future studies should prioritize evaluating clear selection criteria and rationale for specific neoadjuvant strategies. Validation of outcomes in multi-center, randomized trials for XELOX and FOLFOX have the most to contribute to the growing evidence for this poorly managed disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: locally advanced colon cancer; T4 colon cancer; neoadjuvant therapy; chemotherapy; radiotherapy; chemoradiotherapy locally advanced colon cancer; T4 colon cancer; neoadjuvant therapy; chemotherapy; radiotherapy; chemoradiotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, F.; Guidolin, K.; Lee, M.H.-Y.; Lam-Tin-Cheung, K.; Zhao, G.; Doshi, S.; Chesney, T.; Englesakis, M.; Lukovic, J.; O’Kane, G.; Quereshy, F.A.; Chadi, S.A. Interventions and Outcomes for Neoadjuvant Treatment of T4 Colon Cancer: A Scoping Review. Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28, 2065-2078. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28030191

AMA Style

Jung F, Guidolin K, Lee MH-Y, Lam-Tin-Cheung K, Zhao G, Doshi S, Chesney T, Englesakis M, Lukovic J, O’Kane G, Quereshy FA, Chadi SA. Interventions and Outcomes for Neoadjuvant Treatment of T4 Colon Cancer: A Scoping Review. Current Oncology. 2021; 28(3):2065-2078. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28030191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jung, Flora; Guidolin, Keegan; Lee, Michael H.-Y.; Lam-Tin-Cheung, Kimberley; Zhao, Grace; Doshi, Sachin; Chesney, Tyler; Englesakis, Marina; Lukovic, Jelena; O’Kane, Grainne; Quereshy, Fayez A.; Chadi, Sami A. 2021. "Interventions and Outcomes for Neoadjuvant Treatment of T4 Colon Cancer: A Scoping Review" Curr. Oncol. 28, no. 3: 2065-2078. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28030191

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