Next Article in Journal
Assessing the Effect of Disturbances on Ectomycorrhiza Diversity
Next Article in Special Issue
Attitudes toward Methadone among Out-of-Treatment Minority Injection Drug Users: Implications for Health Disparities
Previous Article in Journal
Relative Validity and Reproducibility of a Food-Frequency Questionnaire for Estimating Food Intakes among Flemish Preschoolers
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Multivariate Approach to a Meta-Analytic Review of the Effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. Program
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(1), 400-413;

Bloodborne Viral Hepatitis Infections among Drug Users: The Role of Vaccination

Medical Unit for Addictive Disorders, Department of Internal Medicine, Policlinico GB Rossi, 37134 Verona, Italy
Addiction Treatment Clinic (SerT-Asl 4), Thiene (Vicenza), Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2008 / Accepted: 20 January 2009 / Published: 22 January 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drug Abuse and Addiction)
Full-Text   |   PDF [184 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


Drug use is a prevalent world-wide phenomenon and hepatitis virus infections are traditionally a major health problem among drug users (DUs). HBV and HCV, and to a lesser extent HAV, are easily transmitted through exposure to infected blood and body fluids. Viral hepatitis is not inevitable for DUs. Licensed vaccines are available for hepatitis A and hepatitis B. The purpose of this overview is to show some epidemiological data about HBV and the other blood-borne viral hepatitis among DUs and to summarize and discuss use of hepatitis vaccinations in this population. Successful vaccination campaigns among DUs are feasible and well described. We try to focus on the most significant results achieved in successful vaccination programs as reported in scientific literature. Vaccination campaigns among DUs represent a highly effective form of health education and they are cost-saving. View Full-Text
Keywords: Drug users; hepatitis vaccination; immunization; HBV; HAV Drug users; hepatitis vaccination; immunization; HBV; HAV
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lugoboni, F.; Quaglio, G.; Civitelli, P.; Mezzelani, P. Bloodborne Viral Hepatitis Infections among Drug Users: The Role of Vaccination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 400-413.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top