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Article

Sports Bra Preferences by Age and Impact of Breast Size on Physical Activity among American Females

1
Department of Orthopaedics and Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14624, USA
2
Department of Orthopaedics, University of South California, Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
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Department of Pediatrics, Children’s National Hospital/George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
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Department of Orthopaedics, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
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Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Spectrum Health/Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI 48197, USA
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Department of Orthopaedics and Pediatrics Frisco, Scottish Rite for Children, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
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Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Louis-Nicolas Veilleux
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12732; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312732
Received: 1 October 2021 / Revised: 21 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 2 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Sports Related Injuries: A Multidisciplinary Approach)
For many females, sports bras are an essential piece of equipment for participation in sports and physical activity. Breast pain or discomfort from lack of support may be a contributing factor to the noted gender disparity in physical activity of females compared to males. Our objective was to evaluate sports bra usage and characterize sports bra preferences of an active female cohort. This multicenter cross-sectional survey study was conducted at five geographically distinct academic centers. Our measure was administered during outpatient sports medicine clinic visits to females aged 11–64 years old. Chi-square tests were used to compare characteristics across subgroups. Our analysis consisted of 438 respondents, with a mean age of 22 ± 12.2 years. More than a quarter (27.4%) reported lack of breast support prevented them from being active or exercising. Age (p = 0.03), breast size (p < 0.0001), and household income (p = 0.01) were significantly associated with greater frequency of physical activity being limited by lack of breast support. Lack of breast support may be an important barrier for young females of specific populations to meeting physical activity recommendations. Further research is needed to improve the understanding of this important piece of sporting equipment for women. View Full-Text
Keywords: female athlete; sports bra; sporting equipment; physical activity female athlete; sports bra; sporting equipment; physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Rizzone, K.H.; Edison, B.; Coleman, N.; Carter, C.; Ichesco, I.; Cassidy, P.; Chung, J.; Jones, C.M.C. Sports Bra Preferences by Age and Impact of Breast Size on Physical Activity among American Females. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12732. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312732

AMA Style

Rizzone KH, Edison B, Coleman N, Carter C, Ichesco I, Cassidy P, Chung J, Jones CMC. Sports Bra Preferences by Age and Impact of Breast Size on Physical Activity among American Females. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12732. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312732

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rizzone, Katherine H., Bianca Edison, Nailah Coleman, Cordelia Carter, Ingrid Ichesco, Paige Cassidy, Jane Chung, and Courtney Marie Cora Jones. 2021. "Sports Bra Preferences by Age and Impact of Breast Size on Physical Activity among American Females" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12732. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312732

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