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Open AccessArticle

Association of Work Patterns and Periodontitis Prevalence in Korean Adults Aged 50 Years or Older: A Nationwide Representative Study

1
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan 50612, Korea
2
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, Korea
3
Family Medicine Clinic, Obesity, Metabolism and Nutrition Center and Research Institute of Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 50612, Korea
4
Department of Medical Education, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan 50612, Korea
5
Busan Tobacco Control Center, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4006; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114006
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 2 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 4 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Public Health: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities)
This study analyzed the relationship between the work pattern and the prevalence of periodontitis. We analyzed the data of 3320 adults (1779 men, 1543 women) aged 51–80 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013–2015). The work pattern was divided into two groups (regular and irregular). The periodontal status was assessed using the community periodontal index. We observed a statistically significant difference in the association between work patterns and prevalence of periodontitis in Korean women aged over 50 years. For female workers with irregular work patterns, the prevalence of periodontitis was lower than that in workers with regular work patterns by 10.3% (40.3% vs. 30.0%, p = 0.011). The annual health examination rate was significantly higher in the irregular group than in the regular group (for men 77.9% vs. 73.5%; p < 0.001, for women 76.4% vs. 75.9%; p < 0.001). In female workers with irregular work patterns, the annual dental examination rate was significantly higher than that in workers with a regular work pattern by 7.7% (34.3% vs. 26.6%, p = 0.043). In conclusion we found a statistically significant difference between the work patterns and prevalence of periodontitis in Korean women aged over 50 years. View Full-Text
Keywords: work pattern; periodontitis; oral health care; regular oral examinations work pattern; periodontitis; oral health care; regular oral examinations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ra, Y.J.; Tak, Y.J.; Kim, Y.J.; Lee, S.Y.; Lee, J.G.; Yi, Y.H.; Cho, Y.H.; Hwang, H.R.; Lee, S.H.; Park, E.J.; Lee, Y.I. Association of Work Patterns and Periodontitis Prevalence in Korean Adults Aged 50 Years or Older: A Nationwide Representative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4006. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114006

AMA Style

Ra YJ, Tak YJ, Kim YJ, Lee SY, Lee JG, Yi YH, Cho YH, Hwang HR, Lee SH, Park EJ, Lee YI. Association of Work Patterns and Periodontitis Prevalence in Korean Adults Aged 50 Years or Older: A Nationwide Representative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4006. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ra, Young J.; Tak, Young J.; Kim, Yun J.; Lee, Sang Y.; Lee, Jeong G.; Yi, Yu H.; Cho, Young H.; Hwang, Hye R.; Lee, Seung H.; Park, Eun J.; Lee, Young I. 2020. "Association of Work Patterns and Periodontitis Prevalence in Korean Adults Aged 50 Years or Older: A Nationwide Representative Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 11: 4006. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114006

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