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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(2), 281; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020281

Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Physical and Psychological Health: Lifestyle as a Mediator

School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
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Received: 24 December 2018 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 20 January 2019
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Abstract

Health is correlated to people’s socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle. This study examined the impact of SES on respondents’ physical and psychological health. Moreover, we explored the potential mediating effect of lifestyle on the relationship between SES and health. The participants were 986 respondents from the 2015 Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the hypothesized relationship between the variables. The results indicated that SES had a significant impact on people’s physical health, but the impact of SES on psychological health was not significant. Lifestyle had significant positive effects on both physical and psychological health. In addition, lifestyle mediated the relationship between SES and health. This research is helpful in gaining a better understanding of the relationship and mediating mechanism between SES, lifestyle, and health. It is recommended that research with longitudinal design and comprehensive indicators be undertaken in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: socioeconomic status; lifestyle; physical health; psychological health socioeconomic status; lifestyle; physical health; psychological health
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Wang, J.; Geng, L. Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Physical and Psychological Health: Lifestyle as a Mediator. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 281.

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