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Factors Associated with Activities of Daily Life Disability among Centenarians in Rural Chongqing, China: A Cross-Sectional Study

by Tingting Wu 1,2,3,†, Lu Lu 1,2,3,†, Li Luo 1,2,3, Yingqi Guo 4, Liying Ying 5, Qingliu Tao 6, Huan Zeng 1,2,3, Lingli Han 1,2,3, Zumin Shi 7 and Yong Zhao 1,2,3,*
1
School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
2
Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
4
Department of Social Work and Social Administration, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
5
School of Nursing, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310000, China
6
Chongqing Health Education Institute, Chongqing 404000, China
7
Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1364; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111364
Received: 9 October 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Objective: This study aims to ascertain the health and lifestyle factors associated with the activities of daily living (ADL) disability of centenarians in rural Chongqing, China. Method: 564 centenarians living in rural Chongqing were selected for this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics and self-reported lifestyle factors were obtained from face-to-face interviews. ADL disability was measured using the Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale. Result: Among the respondents, 65.7% were considered ADL disability centenarians. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that preference for salt, drinking habits, social activities, physical activity, and failure to follow good diet habits were significantly associated with the ADL disability of centenarians. Conclusion: ADL disability of centenarians was associated with certain lifestyle habits. This outcome suggested that target intervention may help maintain ADL independence even among the oldest of the elderly population. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADL disability; centenarians; lifestyle; rural Chongqing ADL disability; centenarians; lifestyle; rural Chongqing
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Wu, T.; Lu, L.; Luo, L.; Guo, Y.; Ying, L.; Tao, Q.; Zeng, H.; Han, L.; Shi, Z.; Zhao, Y. Factors Associated with Activities of Daily Life Disability among Centenarians in Rural Chongqing, China: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1364.

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