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Trace Elements Speciation of Submicron Particulate Matter (PM1) Collected in the Surroundings of Power Plants

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Department of Air Protection, Silesian University of Technology, 22B Konarskiego St., Gliwice 44-100, Poland
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Institute of Mathematics, Silesian University of Technology, 23 Kaszubska St., Gliwice 44-100, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Breen
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 13085-13103; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121013085
Received: 1 September 2015 / Revised: 8 October 2015 / Accepted: 13 October 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
This study reports the concentrations of PM1 trace elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb and Se) content in highly mobile (F1), mobile (F2), less mobile (F3) and not mobile (F4) fractions in samples that were collected in the surroundings of power plants in southern Poland. It also reports source identification by enrichment factors (EF) and a principal component analysis (PCA). There is limited availability of scientific data concerning the chemical composition of dust, including fractionation analyses of trace elements, in the surroundings of power plants. The present study offers important results in order to fill this data gap. The data collected in this study can be utilized to validate air quality models in this rapidly developing area. They are also crucial for comparisons with datasets from similar areas all over the world. Moreover, the identification of the bioavailability of selected carcinogenic and toxic elements in the future might be used as output data for potential biological and population research on risk assessment. This is important in the context of air pollution being hazardous to human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM1; trace elements; power plants; chemical fractionation; enrichment factor (EF); principal component analysis (PCA) PM1; trace elements; power plants; chemical fractionation; enrichment factor (EF); principal component analysis (PCA)
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Zajusz-Zubek, E.; Kaczmarek, K.; Mainka, A. Trace Elements Speciation of Submicron Particulate Matter (PM1) Collected in the Surroundings of Power Plants. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13085-13103.

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