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Mar. Drugs 2017, 15(10), 300;

Anti-Inflammatory Lobane and Prenyleudesmane Diterpenoids from the Soft Coral Lobophytum varium

Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei 112, Taiwan
Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
Research Center for Chinese Herbal Medicine, Research Center for Food and Cosmetic Safety, and Graduate Institute of Health Industry Technology, College of Human Ecology, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
Institute of Natural Products, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan
Frontier Center for Ocean Science and Technology, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
Doctoral Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Products from Coral Reef Organisms)
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New lobane-based diterpenoids lobovarols A–D (14) and a prenyleudesmane-type diterpenoid lobovarol E (5) along with seven known related diterpenoids (612) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of a Taiwanese soft coral Lobophytum varium. Their structures were identified on the basis of multiple spectroscopic analyses and spectral comparison. The absolute configuration at C-16 of the known compound 11 is reported herein for the first time. The anti-inflammatory activities of compounds 112 were assessed by measuring their inhibitory effect on N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenyl-alanine/cytochalasin B (fMLP/CB)-induced superoxide anion generation and elastase release in human neutrophils. Metabolites 2, 5, and 11 were found to show moderate inhibitory activity on the generation of superoxide anion, while compounds 5, 8, 11, and 12 could effectively suppress elastase release in fMLP/CB-stimulated human neutrophil cells at 10 μM. All of the isolated diterpenoids did not exhibit cytotoxic activity (IC50 > 50 μM) towards a limited panel of cancer cell lines. View Full-Text
Keywords: soft coral; Lobophytum varium; lobane; prenyleudesmane; anti-inflammatory activity soft coral; Lobophytum varium; lobane; prenyleudesmane; anti-inflammatory activity

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Ahmed, A.F.; Teng, W.-T.; Huang, C.-Y.; Dai, C.-F.; Hwang, T.-L.; Sheu, J.-H. Anti-Inflammatory Lobane and Prenyleudesmane Diterpenoids from the Soft Coral Lobophytum varium. Mar. Drugs 2017, 15, 300.

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