Next Article in Journal
Representation Method for Spectrally Overlapping Signals in Flow Cytometry Based on Fluorescence Pulse Time-Delay Estimation
Next Article in Special Issue
Optimized Energy Harvesting, Cluster-Head Selection and Channel Allocation for IoTs in Smart Cities
Previous Article in Journal
Ultra-Low Power Optical Sensor for Xylophagous Insect Detection in Wood
Previous Article in Special Issue
Co-Creating the Cities of the Future
Open AccessReview

State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities

Department of Computing and Numerical Analysis, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrea Zanella and Toktam Mahmoodi
Sensors 2016, 16(11), 1968; https://doi.org/10.3390/s16111968
Received: 6 August 2016 / Revised: 10 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 23 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart City: Vision and Reality)
The current social impact of new technologies has produced major changes in all areas of society, creating the concept of a smart city supported by an electronic infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology. This paper presents a review of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Near Field Communication (NFC) and Visible Light Communication (VLC) and their use and influence within different areas of the development of the smart city. The document also presents a review of Big Data Solutions for the management of information and the extraction of knowledge in an environment where things are connected by an “Internet of Things” (IoT) network. Lastly, we present how these technologies can be combined together to benefit the development of the smart city. View Full-Text
Keywords: NFC; BLE; VLC; IoT; IoE; smart city NFC; BLE; VLC; IoT; IoE; smart city
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cerruela García, G.; Luque Ruiz, I.; Gómez-Nieto, M.Á. State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities. Sensors 2016, 16, 1968. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16111968

AMA Style

Cerruela García G, Luque Ruiz I, Gómez-Nieto MÁ. State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities. Sensors. 2016; 16(11):1968. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16111968

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cerruela García, Gonzalo; Luque Ruiz, Irene; Gómez-Nieto, Miguel Á. 2016. "State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities" Sensors 16, no. 11: 1968. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16111968

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop