Effect of Chronic Pioglitazone Treatment on Hepatic Gene Expression Profile in Obese C57BL/6J Mice
AbstractPioglitazone, a selective ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), is an insulin sensitizer drug that is being used in a number of insulin-resistant conditions, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, there is a discrepancy between preclinical and clinical data in the literature and the benefits of pioglitazone treatment as well as the precise mechanism of action remain unclear. In the present study, we determined the effect of chronic pioglitazone treatment on hepatic gene expression profile in diet-induced obesity (DIO) C57BL/6J mice in order to understand the mechanisms of NAFLD induced by PPARγ agonists. DIO mice were treated with pioglitazone (25 mg/kg/day) for 38 days, the gene expression profile in liver was evaluated using Affymetrix Mouse GeneChip 1.0 ST array. Pioglitazone treatment resulted in exacerbated hepatic steatosis and increased hepatic triglyceride and free fatty acids concentrations, though significantly increased the glucose infusion rate in hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp test. The differentially expressed genes in liver of pioglitazone treated vs. untreated mice include 260 upregulated and 86 downregulated genes. Gene Ontology based enrichment analysis suggests that inflammation response is transcriptionally downregulated, while lipid metabolism is transcriptionally upregulated. This may underlie the observed aggravating liver steatosis and ameliorated systemic insulin resistance in DIO mice. View Full-Text
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Jia, C.; Huan, Y.; Liu, S.; Hou, S.; Sun, S.; Li, C.; Liu, Q.; Jiang, Q.; Wang, Y.; Shen, Z. Effect of Chronic Pioglitazone Treatment on Hepatic Gene Expression Profile in Obese C57BL/6J Mice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 12213-12229.
Jia C, Huan Y, Liu S, Hou S, Sun S, Li C, Liu Q, Jiang Q, Wang Y, Shen Z. Effect of Chronic Pioglitazone Treatment on Hepatic Gene Expression Profile in Obese C57BL/6J Mice. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(6):12213-12229.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jia, Chunming; Huan, Yi; Liu, Shuainan; Hou, Shaocong; Sun, Sujuan; Li, Caina; Liu, Quan; Jiang, Qian; Wang, Yue; Shen, Zhufang. 2015. "Effect of Chronic Pioglitazone Treatment on Hepatic Gene Expression Profile in Obese C57BL/6J Mice." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 6: 12213-12229.