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Article

Studies to Elucidate the Mechanism of Cardio Protective and Hypotensive Activities of Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) in Rodents

1
Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
2
Faculty of Medicine, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500019 Brasov, Romania
3
Radiological Sciences Department, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia
4
“Victor Papilian” Medical School, “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, 550024 Sibiu, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Natalizia Miceli and Mee Young Hong
Molecules 2020, 25(15), 3471; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25153471
Received: 13 June 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 24 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) is a folkloric medicinal plant in Asia; including Pakistan; used as a traditional remedy for cardiovascular disorders. This study was planned to establish a pharmacological basis for the trivial uses of Anogeissus acuminata in certain medical conditions related to cardiovascular systems and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Mechanistic studies suggested that crude extract of Anogeissus acuminata (Aa.Cr) produced in vitro cardio-relaxant and vasorelaxant effects in isolated paired atria and aorta coupled with in vivo decrease in blood pressure by invasive method; using pressure and force transducers connected to Power Lab Data Acquisition System. Moreover; Aa.Cr showed positive effects in left ventricular hypertrophy in Sprague Dawley rats observed hemodynamically by a decrease in cardiac cell size and fibrosis; along with absence of inflammatory cells; coupled with reduced levels of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and renin concentration along with increased concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). In Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) model; creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH levels) were found to be decreased; along with decreased necrosis; edema and recruitment of inflammatory cells histologically. In vivo and ex vivo studies of Anogeissus acuminata provided evidence of vasorelaxant; hypotensive and cardioprotective properties facilitated through blockage of voltage-gated Ca++ ion channel; validating its use in cardiovascular diseases View Full-Text
Keywords: left ventricular hypertrophy; acute myocardial infarction; vasorelaxant; cardio relaxant; histopathology; hypotensive left ventricular hypertrophy; acute myocardial infarction; vasorelaxant; cardio relaxant; histopathology; hypotensive
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saqib, F.; Arif Aslam, M.; Mujahid, K.; Marceanu, L.; Moga, M.; Ahmedah, H.T.; Chicea, L. Studies to Elucidate the Mechanism of Cardio Protective and Hypotensive Activities of Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) in Rodents. Molecules 2020, 25, 3471. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25153471

AMA Style

Saqib F, Arif Aslam M, Mujahid K, Marceanu L, Moga M, Ahmedah HT, Chicea L. Studies to Elucidate the Mechanism of Cardio Protective and Hypotensive Activities of Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) in Rodents. Molecules. 2020; 25(15):3471. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25153471

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saqib, Fatima, Muhammad Arif Aslam, Khizra Mujahid, Luigi Marceanu, Marius Moga, Hanadi T. Ahmedah, and Liana Chicea. 2020. "Studies to Elucidate the Mechanism of Cardio Protective and Hypotensive Activities of Anogeissus acuminata (Roxb. ex DC.) in Rodents" Molecules 25, no. 15: 3471. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25153471

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